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2014 ECE I SEM- ME Curriculum and Syllabus

Curriculum and Syllabus: M.E. 2014 14MCS, AUC 2014
Semester: 1

CU7101, Advanced Radiation Systems

Subject Introduction / Notes not available

Unit I - unit 1 ANTENNA FUNDAMENTALS
Antenna fundamental parameters - Radiation integrals - Radiation from surface and line current distributions dipole, monopole, loop antenna - Mobile phone antenna- base station, hand set antenna - Image - Induction reciprocity theorem - Broadband antennas and matching techniques - Balance to unbalance transformer - Introduction to numerical techniques.

Unit II - unit 2 RADIATION FROM APERTURES
Field equivalence principle - Radiation from Rectangular and Circular apertures - Uniform aperture distribution on an infinite ground plane - Slot antenna - Horn antenna - Reflector antenna - aperture blockage and design consideration

Unit III - unit 3 ARRAYS
Introduction - General structure of phased array - linear array theory - variation of gain as a function of pointing direction - effects of phase quantization - frequency scanned arrays - analog beam forming matrices-Active modules and digital beam forming - MEMS technology in phased arrays- Retro directive and self phased arrays.

Unit IV - unit 4 MICRO STRIP ANTENNA
Radiation Mechanism from patch - Excitation techniques - Microstrip dipole - Rectangular patch Circular patch and Ring antenna - Radiation analysis from transmission line model cavity model - Input impedance of rectangular and circular patch antenna - Microstrip array and feed network - Application of microstrip array antenna.

Unit V - unit 5 EMC ANTENNA AND ANTENNA MEASUREMENTS
Concept of EMC measuring antenna - Receiver and Transmitter antenna factors - Log periodic dipole - Biconical Ridge guide Multi turn loop - Antenna measurement and instrumentation - Gain Impedance and antenna factor measurement - Antenna test range Design.

1. Hubregt.J.Visser -Antenna Theory and Applications 1st Edition, John Wiley & Sons Ltd,Newyork,2012.
2. Zhijun Zhang Antenna Design for Mobile Devices 1st Edition, John Wiley & Sons (Asia) Ltd,Newyork,2011.
3. Xavier Begaud, Ultra Wide Band Antennas , 1st Edition, ISTE Ltd and John Wiley & Sons Ltd,Newyork,2013.
4. Balanis.A, Antenna Theory Analysis and Design, John Wiley and Sons, New York,1982.
5. Krauss.J.D, -Antennas-, II edition, John Wiley and sons, New York, 1997.
6. I.J. Bahl and P. Bhartia, Microstrip Antennas,Artech House,Inc.,1980
7. W.L.Stutzman and G.A.Thiele,Antenna Theory and Design, 2nd Edition, John Wiley& Sons Inc.,1998.
8. S.Drabowitch et.al.:, Modern Antennas, 2nd Edition Springer science business Media,Inc.2005.


AP7103, Advanced Microprocessor and Microcontroller

OBJECTIVES:
To familiarize the fundamental concepts of microprocessor architecture.
To gain knowledge about high performance CISC and RISC architectures.
To study about 8 bit Microcontrollers viz. 68HC11 and PIC.


Unit I - OVERVIEW
Generic Architecture,Instruction Set, Data formats - Addressing modes,Memory hierarchy register file ,Cache , Virtual memory and paging - Segmentation, pipelining ,the instruction pipeline - pipeline hazards ,instruction level parallelism reduced instruction set - Computer principles ,RISC versus CISC.

Unit II - HIGH PERFORMANCE CISC ARCHITECTURE ? PENTIUM
CPU Architecture, Bus Operations , Pipelining - Brach predication , floating point unit,Operating Modes - Paging , Multitasking , Exception and Interrupts , - Instruction set ,addressing modes ,Programming the Pentium processor.

Unit III - HIGH PERFORMANCE RISC ARCHITECTURE ? ARM
Organization of CPU , Bus architecture ,Memory management unit , ARM instruction set - Thumb Instruction set, addressing modes , Programming the ARM processor 6

Unit IV - MOTOROLA 68HC11 MICROCONTROLLERS
Instruction set addressing modes , operating modes, - Communication Interface , A/D Converter PWM and UART. - Interrupt system,RTC-Serial.

Unit V - PIC MICROCONTROLLER
CPU Architecture , Instruction set , interrupts, Timers - I2C Interfacing ,UART, A/D Converter - PWM and introduction to C-Compilers.

REFERENCES:
1. Daniel Tabak, Advanced Microprocessors McGraw Hill.Inc., 1995 (recent edition)
2. James L. Antonakos , The Pentium Microprocessor Pearson Education , 1997.
3. Steve Furber , ARM System ?On ?Chip architecture Addision Wesley, 2000.
4. Gene .H.Miller.Micro Computer Engineering, Pearson Education, 2003.
5. John .B.Peatman , Design with PIC Microcontroller , Prentice hall, 1997.
6. James L.Antonakos ,An Introduction to the Intel family of Microprocessors Pearson Education 1999.
7. Barry.B.Breg,The Intel Microprocessors Architecture,Programming and Interfacing , PHI,2002.
8. Valvano "Embedded Microcomputer Systems" Thomson Asia PVT LTD first reprint 2001.


VL7001, Analog and Mixed Mode VLSI Design

OBJECTIVES:
To study the concepts of MOS large signal model and small signal model
To understand the concepts of D/A conversion methods and their architectures.
To design filters for ADC.
To study about the switched capacitor circuits.


Unit I - INTRODUCTION AND BASIC MOS DEVICES
Challenges in analog design-Mixed signal layout issues, - MOS FET structures and characteristics - large signal model , small signal model, single stage Amplifier-Source follower - Common gate stage , Cascode Stage

Unit II - SIBMICRON CIRCUIT DESIGN
Submicron CMOS process flow, Capacitors and resistors - Current mirrors, Digital Circuit Design - Delay Elements, Adders, OP Amp parameters and Design

Unit III - DATA CONVERTERS
Characteristics of Sample and Hold,Digital to Analog Converters - architecture,Differential Non linearity - Integral Non linearity, Voltage Scaling,Cyclic DAC,Pipeline DAC - Analog to Digital Converters, architecture - Flash ADC-Pipeline ADC,Differential Non linearity,Integral Non linearity

Unit IV - SNR IN DATA CONVERTERS
Overview of SNR of Data Converters, Clock Jitters - Improving Using Averaging , Decimating Filters for ADC - Band pass and High Pass Sinc Filters, - Interpolating Filters for DAC

Unit V - SWITCHED CAPACITOR CIRCUITS
Resistors, First order low pass Circuit, - Switched capacitor Amplifier, - Switched Capacitor Integrator

REFERENCE BOOKS:
1. Vineetha P.Gejji Analog and Mixed Mode Design - Prentice Hall, 1st Edition , 2011
2. JeyaGowri Analog and Mixed Mode Design- Sapna publishing House 2011.


CU7001, Real Time Embedded Systems

Subject Introduction / Notes not available

Unit I - INTRODUCTION TO EMBEDDED COMPUTING
Complex systems and microprocessors , Design example: Model train controller - Embedded system design process , Formalism for system design , - Instruction sets Preliminaries , ARM Processor , CPU: Programming input and output - Supervisor mode, exception and traps Coprocessor - Memory system mechanism , CPU performance , CPU power consumption.

Unit II - COMPUTING PLATFORM AND DESIGN ANALYSIS
CPU buses , Memory devices, I/O devices , Component interfacing - Design with microprocessors , Development and Debugging - Program design , Model of programs Assembly and Linking - Basic compilation techniques , Analysis and optimization of execution time, power, energy, program size - Program validation and testing.

Unit III - PROCESS AND OPERATING SYSTEMS
Multiple tasks and multi processes , Processes ,Context Switching - Operating Systems ,Scheduling policies , Multiprocessor, Inter Process Communication mechanisms - Evaluating operating system performance - Power optimization strategies for processes.

Unit IV - HARDWARE ACCELERATES & NETWORKS
Accelerators ,Accelerated system design , Distributed Embedded Architecture - Networks for Embedded Systems - Network based design ,Internet enabled systems.

Unit V - CASE STUDY
Hardware and software co-design , Data Compressor, Software Modem - Personal Digital Assistants, SetTopBox. System on Silicon - FOSS Tools for embedded system development.

REFERENCES:
1. Wayne Wolf, Computers as Components - Principles of Embedded Computer System
Design, Morgan Kaufmann Publisher, 2006.
2. David E-Simon, An Embedded Software Primer, Pearson Education, 2007.
3. K.V.K.K.Prasad, Embedded Real-Time Systems: Concepts, Design & Programming,dreamtech press, 2005.
4. Tim Wilmshurst, An Introduction to the Design of Small Scale Embedded Systems, Pal grave Publisher, 2004.
5. Sriram V Iyer, Pankaj Gupta, Embedded Real Time Systems Programming, Tata Mc-Graw Hill, 2004.
6. Tammy Noergaard, Embedded Systems Architecture, Elsevier, 2006.


CU7102, Advanced Digital Communication Techniques

objective
To understand the basics of signal-space analysis and digital transmission.
To understand the coherent and noncoherent receivers and its impact on different channel characteristics.
To understand Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing.
To understand the different block coded and convolutional coded digital communication systems.
To understand the different Equalizers.

Unit I - COHERENT AND NON-COHERENT COMMUNICATION
Coherent receivers, Optimum receivers in WGN - IQ modulation & demodulation - Noncoherent receivers in random phase channels, MFSK receivers - Rayleigh and Rician channels - Partially coherent receivers DPSK, M-PSK,M-DPSK - BER Performance Analysis - Carrier Synchronization, Bit synchronization.

Unit II - UNIT II EQUALIZATION TECHNIQUES
Band Limited Channels, ISI - Nyquist Criterion, Controlled ISI - Partial Response signals - Equalization algorithms, Viterbi Algorithm - Linear equalizer - Decision feedback equalization - Adaptive Equalization algorithms

Unit III - BLOCK CODED DIGITAL COMMUNICATION
Architecture and performance of Binary block codes - Orthogonal, Biorthogonal, Transorthogonal - Shannon s channel coding theorem, Channel capacity, Matched filter - Concepts of Spread spectrum communication - Coded BPSK and DPSK demodulators - Linear block codes, Hammning, Golay, Cyclic - BCH , Reed Solomon codes and Space time block codes

Unit IV - CONVOLUTIONAL CODED DIGITAL COMMUNICATION
Representation of codes using Polynomial, State diagram, Tree diagram, and Trellis diagram - Decoding techniques using Maximum likelihood, Viterbi algorithm - Decoding techniques using Sequential and Threshold methods - Error probability performance for BPSK and Viterbi algorithm - Turbo Coding.

Unit V - OFDM
Generation of sub-carriers using the IFFT - Guard Time and Cyclic Extension - Windowing - OFDM signal processing - Peak Power Problem PAP reduction schemes Clipping, Filtering - PAP reduction schemes Coding and Scrambling

1. M.K.Simon, S.M.Hinedi and W.C.Lindsey, Digital communication techniques; Signalling and
detection, Prentice Hall India, New Delhi. 1995.
2. Simon Haykin, Digital communications, John Wiley and sons, 1998
3. Bernard Sklar., Digital Communications, second edition, Pearson Education,2001.
4. John G. Proakis., Digital Communication, 4 th edition, Mc Graw Hill Publication, 2001
5. Theodore S.Rappaport., Wireless Communications, 2nd edition, Pearson Education, 2002.
6. Stephen G. Wilson., Digital Modulation and Coding, First Indian Reprint ,Pearson Education,2003.
7. Richard Van Nee & Ramjee Prasad., OFDM for Multimedia Communications Artech House
Publication,2001.


AP7101, Advanced Digital Signal Processing

COURSE OBJECTIVES:
The purpose of this course is to provide in-depth treatment on methods and techniques in
- Discrete-time signal transforms, digital filter design, optimal filtering
- Power spectrum estimation, multi-rate digital signal processing
- DSP architectures which are of importance in the areas of signal processing, control and communications.
COURSE OUTCOMES:
Students should be able to:
- To design adaptive filters for a given application
- To design multirate DSP systems.Subject Introduction / Notes not available

Unit I - unit 1 DISCRETE RANDOM SIGNAL PROCESSING
Weiner Khitchine relation - Power spectral density - filtering random process - Spectral Factorization Theorem - Special types of random process - Signal modeling- Least Squares method - Pade approximation - Prony?s method - iterative Pre-filtering - Finite Data records - Stochastic Models. -

Unit II - unit 2 SPECTRUM ESTIMATION
Non-Parametric methods - Correlation method - Co-variance estimator - Performance analysis of estimators - Unbiased consistent estimators - Periodogram estimator - Barlett spectrum estimation - Welch estimation - Model based approach-AR, MA, ARMA Signal modeling - Parameter estimation using Yule-Walker method. -

Unit III - unit 3 LINEAR ESTIMATION AND PREDICTION
Maximum likelihood criterion - Efficiency of estimator - Least mean squared error criterion - Wiener filter - Discrete Wiener Hoff equations - Recursive estimators - Kalman filter - Linear prediction, Prediction error - Whitening filter, Inverse filter - Levinson recursion, Lattice realization, - Levinson recursion algorithm for solving Toeplitz system of equations

Unit IV - unit 4 ADAPTIVE FILTERS
FIR Adaptive filters - Newton's steepest descent method - Adaptive filters based on steepest descent method - Widrow Hoff LMS Adaptive algorithm - Adaptive channel equalization - Adaptive echo canceller - Adaptive noise cancellation - RLS Adaptive filters - Exponentially weighted RLS - Sliding window RLS - Simplified IIR LMS Adaptive filter.

Unit V - unit 5 MULTIRATE DIGITAL SIGNAL PROCESSING
Mathematical description of change of sampling rate - Interpolation and Decimation - Continuous time model - Direct digital domain approach - Decimation by integer factor - Interpolation by an integer factor - Single and multistage realization - Poly phase realization - Applications to sub band coding - Wavelet transform and filter bank implementation of wavelet expansion of signals

1. Monson H. Hayes, ?Statistical Digital Signal Processing and Modeling?, John Wiley and Sons Inc., New York, 2006.
2. Sophoncles J. Orfanidis, ?Optimum Signal Processing ?, McGraw-Hill, 2000.
3. John G. Proakis, Dimitris G. Manolakis, ?Digital Signal Processing?, Prentice Hall of India, New Delhi, 2005.
4. Simon Haykin, ?Adaptive Filter Theory?, Prentice Hall, Englehood Cliffs, NJ1986.
5. S. Kay,? Modern spectrum Estimation theory and application?, Prentice Hall, Englehood Cliffs, NJ1988.
6. P. P. Vaidyanathan, ?Multirate Systems and Filter Banks?, Prentice Hall, 1992.


CU7103, Optical Networks

The purpose of this course is to provide in-depth knowledge on systems pertaining to optical networks. In that :
1. Optical System Components and architectures
2. Wavelength Routing, Packet Switching and Access Networks
3. Network Design and Management
are covered

Unit I - unit 1 OPTICAL SYSTEM COMPONENTS
Light propagation in optical fibers, Loss & bandwidth,System limitations, - Non-Linear effects, Solutions - Optical Network Components, Couplers, Isolators and Circulators - Multiplexers and Filters - Optical Amplifiers, Switches, Wavelength Converters

Unit II - unit 2 OPTICAL NETWORK ARCHITECTURES
Introduction to Optical Networks SONET and SDH standards,Metropoliton Area Networks - Layered Architecture,Broadcast and Select Networks - Topologies for Broadcast Networks - Media Access Control Protocols,Testbeds for Broadcast - Select WDM,Wavelength Routing Architecture

Unit III - unit 3 WAVELENGTH ROUTING NETWORKS
The optical layer, Node Designs, Optical layer cost tradeoff - Routing and wavelength Assignment[RWA] - Virtual topology design - Wavelength Routing Testbeds - Architectural variations.

Unit IV - unit 4 PACKET SWITCHING AND ACCESS NETWORKS
Photonic Packet Switching, OTDM, Multiplexing and Demultiplexing - Synchronisation, - Broadcast OTDM networks, Switch-based networks,Access Networks - Network Architecture overview, OTDM networks - Optical Access Network Architectures, Future Access Networks

Unit V - unit 5 NETWORK DESIGN AND MANAGEMENT
Transmission System Engineering, System model,Power penalty - Transmitter, receiver, Optical amplifiers - crosstalk, dispersion - Wavelength stabilization - Overall design considerations - Control and Management,Network management functions, Configuration management, - Performance management, Fault management, Optical safety, Service interface

1. Rajiv Ramaswami and Kumar N. Sivarajan, Optical Networks A Practical Perspective,
Harcourt Asia Pte Ltd., Second Edition 2004.
2. C. Siva Ram Moorthy and Mohan Gurusamy, WDM Optical Networks Concept, Design and
Algorithms, Prentice Hall of India, Ist Edition, 2002.
3. Biswanath Mukherjee, Optical Communication Networks Mc GrawHill 1997, First Edition
ISBN 0 07 044435 8.
4. P.E. Green, Jr., Fiber Optic Networks, Prentice Hall, NJ, 1993.
5. Rajiv Ramaswami and Kumar N. Sivarajan, Optical Networks A Practical Perspective,
Harcourt Asia Pte Ltd., First Edition 2004


AP7202, ASIC and FPGA Design

To study the design flow of different types of ASIC.
To familiarize the different types of programming technologies and logic devices.
To learn the architecture of different types of FPGA.
To gain knowledge about partitioning, floor planning, placement and routing including circuit extraction of ASIC
To analyse the synthesis, Simulation and testing of systems.
To understand the design issues of SOC.
To know about different high performance algorithms and its applications in ASICsubject Introduction / Notes not available

Unit I - unit 1 OVERVIEW OF ASIC AND PLD
Types of ASICs - Design flow - CAD tools used in ASIC Design - Programming Technologies Antifuse, static RAM, EPROM and EEPROM technology - Programmable Logic Devices ROMs and EPROMs, PLA, PAL - Gate Arrays CPLDs and FPGAs

Unit II - unit 2 ASIC PHYSICAL DESIGN
System partition, - partitioning and partitioning methods - interconnect delay models and measurement of delay - floor planning, placement - Routing global routing, detailed routing and special routing - circuit extraction and DRC

Unit III - unit 3 LOGIC SYNTHESIS, SIMULATION AND TESTING
Digital systems - Logic Synthesis - Half gate ASIC - Schematic entry and Low level design language - PLA tools - EDIF, CFI design representation - Verilog and logic synthesis - VHDL and logic synthesis - types of simulation - boundary scan test - fault simulation and automatic test pattern generation.

Unit IV - unit 4 FPGA
Field Programmable gate arrays Logic blocks, routing architecture - Design flow technology mapping for FPGAs - Xilinx XC4000, ALTERA?s FLEX 8000/10000, ACTEL?s ACT-1,2,3 and their speed performance - Case studies Altera MAX 5000 and 7000, Altera MAX 9000, Spartan II and Virtex II FPGAs, Apex and Cyclone FPGAs

Unit V - unit 5 SOC DESIGN
Design Methodologies Processes and Flows - Embedded software development for SOC - Techniques for SOC Testing - Configurable SOC - Hardware and Software codesign - Case studies Digital camera, Bluetooth radio and modem, SDRAM and USB

1. M.J.S .Smith, "Application Specific Integrated Circuits, Addison -Wesley Longman Inc., 1997
2. S. Trimberger, Field Programmable Gate Array Technology, Edr, Kluwer Academic Publications, 1994.
3. John V.Oldfield, Richard C Dore, Field Programmable Gate Arrays, Wiley Publications 1995.
4. P.K.Chan & S. Mourad, Digital Design Using Field Programmable Gate Array, Prentice Hall, 1994.
5. Parag.K.Lala, Digital System Design using Programmable Logic Devices , BSP, 2003.
6. S. Brown, R. Francis, J. Rose, Z. Vransic, Field Programmable Gate Array, Kluwer Pubin, 1992.
7. J. Old Field, R.Dorf, Field Programmable Gate Arrays, John Wiley & Sons, Newyork, 1995.
8. Farzad Nekoogar and Faranak Nekoogar, From ASICs to SOCs: A Practical Approach,Prentice Hall PTR, 2003.
9. Wayne Wolf, FPGA-Based System Design, Prentice Hall PTR, 2004.
10. R. Rajsuman, System-on-a-Chip Design and Test. Santa Clara, CA: Artech House Publishers,2000.
11. F. Nekoogar. Timing Verification of Application-Specific Integrated Circuits (ASICs). Prentice Hall PTR, 1999


MA7158, Applied Mathematics for Communication Engineers

Subject Introduction / Notes not available

Unit I - LINEAR ALGEBRA
Vector spaces - norms, Inner Products - Eigenvalues using QR transformations - QR factorization - generalized eigenvectors - Canonical forms, singular value decomposition and applications - pseudo inverse, least square approximations - Toeplitz matrices and some applications.

Unit II - LINEAR PROGRAMMING :
Formulation - Graphical solution - Simplex method - Two phase method - Transportation - Assignment Models

Unit III - ORDINARY DIFFERENTIAL EQUATIONS :
Runge Kutta Methods for system of IVPs - numerical stability - Adams-Bashforth multistep method - solution of stiff ODEs, shooting method - BVP: Finite difference method - Orthogonal collocation method, orthogonal collocation with finite element method - Galerkin finite element method.

Unit IV - TWO DIMENSIONAL RANDOM VARIABLES :
Joint distributions - Marginal and Conditional distributions - Functions of two dimensional random variables - Regression Curve - Correlation.

Unit V - QUEUEING MODELS :
Poisson Process - Markovian queues - Single and Multi-server Models - Little?s formula - Machine Interference Model - Steady State analysis - Self Service queue.

1. Richard Bronson, Gabriel B.Costa, Linear Algebra, Academic Press, Second Edition,2007.
2. Richard Johnson, Miller & Freund, Probability and Statistics for Engineers,7th Edition, Prentice Hall of India, Private Ltd., New Delhi (2007).
3. Taha H.A., Operations Research: An introduction, Pearson Education Asia,New Delhi, Ninth Edition, 2012.
4. Donald Gross and Carl M. Harris, Fundamentals of Queueing Theory, 2nd edition,John Wiley and Sons, New York (1985).
5. Moon, T.K., Sterling, W.C., Mathematical methods and algorithms for signal processing, Pearson Education, 2000.


CU7002, MEMS and NEMS

COURSE OBJECTIVES:
To introducing the concepts of microelectromechanical devices.
To know the fabrication process of Microsystems.
To know the design concepts of micro sensors and micro actuators.
To introducing concepts of quantum mechanics and nano systems.


Unit I - OVERVIEW AND INTRODUCTION
New trends in Engineering and Science, Micro and Nanoscale systems - Introduction to Design of MEMS and NEMS - Overview of Nano and Microelectromechanical Systems - Applications of Micro and Nanoelectromechanical systems, Microelectromechanical systems - devices and structures,Definitions, Materials for MEMS Silicon, silicon compounds, polymers, metals

Unit II - MEMS FABRICATION TECHNOLOGIES
Microsystem fabrication processes, Photolithography, Ion Implantation, Diffusion - Oxidation.Thin film depositions, LPCVD, Sputtering, Evaporation - Electroplating, Etching techniques: Dry and wet etching - electrochemical etching, Micromachining, Bulk Micromachining, Surface Micromachining - High Aspect-Ratio (LIGA and LIGA-like) Technology, Packaging Microsystems packaging - Essential packaging technologies, Selection of packaging materials

Unit III - MICRO SENSORS
MEMS Sensors, Design of Acoustic wave sensors, resonant sensor - Vibratory gyroscope, Capacitive and Piezo Resistive Pressure sensors - engineering mechanics behind these Microsensors - Case study Piezo-resistive pressure sensor

Unit IV - MICRO ACTUATORS
Design of Actuators, Actuation using thermal forces - Actuation using shape memory Alloys, Actuation using piezoelectric crystals - Actuation using Electrostatic forces (Parallel plate, Torsion bar, Comb drive actuators) - Micromechanical Motors and pumps. - Case study Comb drive actuators

Unit V - NANOSYSTEMS AND QUANTUM MECHANICS
Atomic Structures and Quantum Mechanics, Molecular and Nanostructure Dynamics: - Shrodinger Equation and Wavefunction Theory - Density Functional Theory, Nanostructures and Molecular Dynamics - Electromagnetic Fields and their quantization, Molecular Wires and Molecular Circuits

REFERENCES:
1. Marc Madou, Fundamentals of Microfabrication, CRC press 1997.
2. Stephen D. Senturia, Micro system Design, Kluwer Academic Publishers,2001
3. Tai Ran Hsu ,MEMS and Microsystems Design and Manufacture ,Tata Mcraw Hill, 2002.
4. Chang Liu, Foundations of MEMS, Pearson education India limited, 2006,
5. Sergey Edward Lyshevski, MEMS and NEMS: Systems, Devices, and Structures, CRC Press,2002


CU7111, Communication Systems Laboratory

Subject Introduction / Notes not available

Unit I - COMMUNICATION SYSTEM LABORATORY
Use Network Analyser for the following experiments - 1. Measurement of transmission line parameters. - 2. S-parameter estimation of Microwave devices. - 3. Design and testing of a Microstrip coupler. - 4. Characteristics of Quarter Wavelength and Half Wavelength transmission lines. - Use appropriate simulation tools for the following experiments - 1. Channel equalizer design (LMS,RLS) - 2. Antenna Radiation Pattern measurement. - 3. Performance Evaluation of digital modulation schemes - 4. OFDM transceiver design - 5. Simulation of Microstrip Antennas - 6. Performance evaluation of simulated CDMA System.

Books information not available


ELECTIVEI,

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2013 ECE III SEM- ME Curriculum and Syllabus

Curriculum and Syllabus: M.E. 2013 14MCS, AUC 2013
Semester: 3

NC7202, Wireless Adhoc and sensor Networks

Subject Introduction / Notes not available

Unit I - ADHOC NETWORKS AND ROUTING PROTOCOLS
Ad hoc Wireless Networks , What is an Ad Hoc Network, Heterogeneity in Mobile Devices - Wireless Sensor Networks , Traffic Profiles , Types of Ad hoc Mobile Communications - Types of Mobile Host Movements , Challenges Facing Ad hoc Mobile Networks , Ad hoc wireless Internet . - Issues in Designing a Routing Protocol for Ad Hoc Wireless Networks, Classifications of Routing Protocols - Table Driven Routing Protocols , Destination Sequenced Distance Vector (DSDV) - Wireless Routing Protocol (WRP) , Cluster Switch Gateway Routing (CSGR) - Source Initiated On Demand Approaches , Ad hoc On Demand Distance Vector Routing (AODV) - Dynamic Source Routing (DSR) ,Temporally Ordered Routing Algorithm (TORA) - Signal Stability Routing (SSR) ,Location?Aided Routing (LAR) - Power Aware Routing (PAR) ,Zone Routing Protocol(ZRP)

Unit II - MULTICAST ROUTING AND SECURITY
Issues in Designing a Multicast Routing Protocol , Operation of Multicast Routing Protocols - An Architecture Reference Model for Multicast Routing Protocols ,Classifications of Multicast Routing - Protocols , Tree Based Multicast Routing Protocols, Mesh Based Multicast Routing Protocols - Summary of Tree and Mesh based Protocols , Energy Efficient Multicasting - Multicasting with Quality of Service Guarantees , Application , Dependent Multicast Routing - Comparisons of Multicast Routing Protocols - Design Goals of a Transport Layer Protocol for Adhoc Wireless Networks - Classification of Transport Layer Solutions , TCP over Ad hoc Wireless Networks - Security in Ad Hoc Wireless Networks , Network Security Requirements - Issues and Challenges in Security Provisioning , Network Security Attacks , Key Management - Secure Routing in Ad hoc Wireless Networks.

Unit III - QoS AND ENERGY MANAGEMENT
Issues and Challenges in Providing QoS in Ad hoc Wireless Networks - Classifications of QoS Solutions , MAC Layer Solutions - Network Layer Solutions , QoS Frameworks for Ad hoc Wireless Networks - Energy Management in Ad hoc Wireless Networks, Introduction - Need for Energy Management in Ad hoc Wireless Networks - Classification of Energy Management Schemes - Battery Management Schemes ,Transmission Power Management Schemes - System Power Management Schemes.

Unit IV - SENSOR NETWORKS ARCHITECTURE AND MACPROTOCOLS
Single node architecture ,Hardware components, energy consumption of sensor nodes - Network architecture , Sensor network scenarios, types of sources and sinks, single hop versus multi-hop networks - multiple sinks and sources, design principles, Development of wireless sensor networks - physical layer and transceiver design consideration in wireless sensor networks, Energy usage profile - choice of modulation, Power Management - MAC protocols , fundamentals of wireless MAC protocols - low duty cycle protocols and wakeup concepts, contention-based protocols - Schedule-based protocols - SMAC, BMAC, Traffic-adaptive medium access protocol (TRAMA) - Link Layer protocols , fundamentals task and requirements - error control, framing, link management.

Unit V - SENSOR NETWORKS ROUTING PROTOCOLS AND OPERATING SYSTEMS
Gossiping and agent-based uni-cast forwarding, Energy-efficient unicast, Broadcast and multicast - geographic routing, mobile nodes, Data-centric routing ? SPIN, Directed Diffusion - Energy aware routing, Gradient-based routing , COUGAR, ACQUIRE, Hierarchical Routing - LEACH,PEGASIS, Location Based Routing , GAF, GEAR, Data aggregation - Various aggregation techniques. Introduction to TinyOS , NesC, Interfaces, modules, configuration - Programming in TinyOS using NesC, Emulator TOSSIM.

REFERENCES
1. C. Siva Ram Murthy and B. S. Manoj, Ad Hoc Wireless Networks Architectures and
Protocols, Prentice Hall, PTR, 2004.
2. C. K. Toh, Ad Hoc Mobile Wireless Networks Protocols and Systems, Prentice Hall, PTR,
2001.
3. Charles E. Perkins, Ad Hoc Networking, Addison Wesley, 2000.
4. Kazem Sohraby, Daniel Minoli and Taieb Znati, Wireless Sensor Networks Technology-
Protocols and Applications, John Wiley & Sons, 2007.
5. Feng Zhao, Leonidas Guibas, Wireless Sensor Networks: an information processing
approach, Else vier publication, 2004.
6. C.S.Raghavendra Krishna, M.Sivalingam and Tarib znati, Wireless Sensor Networks,
Springer publication, 2004.

7. Holger Karl , Andreas willig, Protocol and Architecture for Wireless Sensor Networks,
John wiley publication, Jan 2006.
8. K.Akkaya and M.Younis, A Survey of routing protocols in wireless sensor networks,
Elsevier Adhoc Network Journal, Vol.3, no.3,pp. 325-349, 2005.
9. Philip Levis, TinyOS Programming, 2006 , www.tinyos.net.
10. I.F. Akyildiz, W. Su, Sankarasubramaniam, E. Cayirci, Wireless sensor networks: a survey,
computer networks, Elsevier, 2002, 394 - 422.
11. Jamal N. Al-karaki, Ahmed E. Kamal, Routing Techniques in Wireless sensor networks: A
survey, IEEE wireless communication, December 2004, 6 , 28.


CU7007, Internet working Multimedia

Subject Introduction / Notes not available

Unit I - MULTIMEDIA NETWORKING
Digital Sound, Video and Graphics, Basic Multimedia Networking ,Multimedia Characteristics - Evolution of Internet Services Model , Network Requirements for Audio/ Video Transform - Multimedia Coding and Compression for Text, Image Audio And Video.

Unit II - BROADBAND NETWORK TECHNOLOGY
Broadband Services , ATM and IP, IPV6, High Speed Switching ,Resource Reservation, Buffer Management - Traffic Shaping , Caching , Scheduling and Policing, Throughput, Delay and Jitter Performance - Storage and Media Services , Voice and Video Over IP , MPEG?2 over ATM/IP - Indexing Synchronization of Requests , Recording and Remote Control .

Unit III - RELIABLE TRANSPORT PROTOCOL AND APPLICATIONS
Multicast over Shared Media Network ,Multicast Routing and Addressing - Scaling Multicast and NBMA Networks , Reliable Transport Protocols - TCP Adaptation Algorithm , RTP, RTCP - MIME ,Peer to Peer Computing, Shared Application, Video Conferencing - Centralized and Distributed Conference Control - Distributed Virtual Reality ,Light Weight Session Philosophy .

Unit IV - MULTIMEDIA COMMUNICATION STANDARDS
Objective of MPEG , 7 Standard , Functionalities and Systems of MPEG 7 MPEG21 - Multimedia Framework Architecture , Content Representation , Content Management and Usage - Intellectual Property Management, Audio Visual System , H322: Guaranteed QOS LAN Systems - MPEG 4 Video Transport Across Internet.

Unit V - MULTIMEDIA COMMUNICATION ACROSS NETWORKS
Packet Audio/Video in The Network Environment ,Video Transport across Generic Networks - Layered Video Coding, Error Resilient Video Coding Techniques , Scalable Rate Control - Streaming Video Across Internet , Multimedia Transport Across ATM Networks and IP Network - Multimedia Across Wireless Networks .

REFERENCES:
1. B O Szuprowicz, Multimedia Networking, McGraw Hill, Newyork, 1995.
2. K R Rao, Zoran S, Bojkovic and Dragorad A, Milovanovic Multimedia communication
systems, PHI, 2003.
3. Jon Crowcroft, Mark Handley, Ian Wakeman Internetworking Multimedia Harcourt,
Singapore, 1998.
4. Tay Vaughan,Multimedia Making it to work , 4th edition Tata McGraw Hill, NewDelhi,2000.


NC7002, Multimedia Compression Techniques

COURSE OBJECTIVES:
To provide in-depth knowledge about
Data Compression
Text Compression and Audio Compression
Image and Video Compression
COURSE OUTCOMES:
Students will be able to
Explain Scalar quantization theory and Rate distribution Theory
Understand different coding techniques
Describe Contour based compression and Motion estimation techniques


Unit I - INTRODUCTION
Special features of Multimedia , Graphics and Image Data Representations - Fundamental Concepts in Video and Digital Audio - Storage requirements for multimedia applications ,Need for Compression - Taxonomy of compression techniques , Overview of source coding - source models, scalar and vector quantization theory - Evaluation techniques , Error analysis and methodologies

Unit II - TEXT COMPRESSION
Compaction techniques , Huffmann coding - Adaptive Huffmann Coding , Arithmatic coding - Shannon-Fano coding ,Dictionary techniques - LZW family algorithms.

Unit III - AUDIO COMPRESSION
Audio compression techniques , µ- Law and A- Law companding. - Speech compression, waveform codecs-source codecs - hybrid codecs,Shorten compressor, Frequency domain and filtering - Basic sub-band coding , Application to speech coding - G.722 ,Application to audio coding - MPEG audio, progressive encoding for audio - Silencecompression, speech compression techniques - Formant and CELP Vocoders.

Unit IV - IMAGE COMPRESSION
Predictive techniques , DM, PCM, DPCM: Optimal Predictors and Optimal Quantization - Contour based compression , Transform Coding - JPEG Standard , Sub-band coding algorithms: Design of Filter banks - Wavelet based compression: Implementation using filters - EZW, SPIHT coders - JPEG 2000 standards - JBIG, JBIG2 Standards

Unit V - VIDEO COMPRESSION
Video compression techniques and standards , MPEG Video Coding I: MPEG 1 and 2 MPEG - Video Coding II: MPEG 4 and 7, Motion estimation and compensation techniques - H.261 Standard DVI technology , PLV performance - DVI real time compression , Packet Video.

REFERENCES:
1. Khalid Sayood Introduction to Data Compression, Morgan Kauffman Harcourt India,
2nd Edition, 2000.
2. David Salomon Data Compression The Complete Reference, Springer Verlag
New York Inc., 2nd Edition, 2001.
3. Yun Q.Shi, Huifang Sun Image and Video Compression for Multimedia Engineering
Fundamentals, Algorithms & Standards, CRC press, 2003.
4. Peter Symes Digital Video Compression, McGraw Hill Pub., 2004.
5. Mark Nelson Data compression, BPB Publishers, New Delhi,1998.
6. Mark S.Drew, Ze-Nian Li : Fundamentals of Multimedia, PHI, 1st Edition, 2003.
7. Watkinson,J Compression in Video and Audio, Focal press,London.1995.
8. Jan Vozer Video Compression for Multimedia, AP Profes, NewYork, 1995.


CU7008, Ultra wide band Communication

Subject Introduction / Notes not available

Unit I - INTRODUCTION TO UWB
History, Definition, FCC Mask, UWB features - UWB Interference: IEEE 802.11.a Interference - Signal to Interference ratio calculation - Interference with other wireless services.

Unit II - UWB TECHNOLOGIES AND CHANNEL MODELS
Impulse Radio , Pulsed Multiband - Multiband OFDM, features : Complexity, Power Consumption - Security and achievable data rate. - MIMO Multiband OFDM, Differential multiband ofdm - Performacne characterization Ultra Wide Band Wireless Channels - Channel model: Impulse Response Modeling of UWB Wireless Channels - IEEE UWB channel model, Path loss - Delay profiles, Time and frequency modeling.

Unit III - UWB SIGNAL PROCESSING
Data Modulation schemes, UWB Multiple Access Modulation - BER, Rake Receiver, Transmit-Reference (T-R) Technique - UWB Range- Data Rate Performance - UWB Channel Capacity - UWB Wireless Locationing: Position Locationing Methods - Time of Arrival Estimation, NLOS Location Error - Locationing with OFDM

Unit IV - UWB ANTENNAS
Antenna Requirements, Radiation Mechanism of the UWB Antennas, - Types of Broad band antennas - Parameters, Analysis of UWB Antennas - Link Budget for UWB System. - Design examples of broad band UWB antennas.

Unit V - UWB APPLICATIONS AND REGULATIONS
Wireless Ad hoc Networking, UWB Wireless Sensor - RFID , Consumer Electronics and Personal Asset Location - Medical applications UWB Regulation and standards in various countries - UWB Regulation in ITU - IEEE Standardization

REFERENCES:
1. Homayoun Nikookar and Ramjee Prasad, Introduction to Ultra Wideband for Wireless
Communications ,1st Edition, Springer Science & Business Media B.V. 2009.
2. Thomas Kaiser, Feng Zheng ,Ultra Wideband Systems with MIMO, 1st Edition, John Wiley & Sons Ltd, Newyork, 2010.
3. W. Pam Siriwongpairat and K. J. Ray Liu, Ultra-Wideband Communications Systems:Multiband OFDM approach, John Wiley and IEEE press, Newyork 2008.


IF7301, Soft Computing

To learn the key aspects of Soft computing and Neural networks.
To know about the components and building block hypothesis of Genetic algorithm.
To understand the features of neural network and its applications
To study the fuzzy logic components
To gain insight onto Neuro Fuzzy modeling and control.
To gain knowledge in machine learning through Support vector machines.

Unit I - INTRODUCTION TO SOFT COMPUTING 9
Evolution of Computing - Soft Computing Constituents - From Conventional AI to Computational - Intelligence - Machine Learning Basics

Unit II - GENETIC ALGORITHMS 9
Introduction, Building block hypothesis,Working principle - Basic operators and Terminologies like individual, gene, encoding, fitness function and reproduction - Genetic modeling: Significance of Genetic operators, Inheritance operator, - Cross over, inversion & deletion, mutation operator, - Bitwise operator, GA optimization problems, - JSPP (Job Shop Scheduling Problem), TSP - (Travelling Salesman Problem),Differences & similarities between GA & other traditional methods, - Applications of GA.

Unit III - NEURAL NETWORKS 9
Machine Learning using Neural Network, - Adaptive Networks - - Feed Forward Networks - Supervised Learning Neural Networks - Radial Basis Function Networks - - Reinforcement Learning - Unsupervised Learning Neural Networks - Adaptive Resonance Architectures - Advances in Neural Networks.

Unit IV - FUZZY LOGIC 9
Fuzzy Sets - Operations on Fuzzy Sets - Fuzzy Relations , Membership Functions - Fuzzy Rules and Fuzzy Reasoning - Fuzzy Inference Systems - Fuzzy Expert Systems - Fuzzy Decision Making

Unit V - NEURO-FUZZY MODELING 9
Adaptive Neuro-Fuzzy Inference Systems - Coactive Neuro-Fuzzy Modeling - Classification and Regression Trees - Data Clustering Algorithms - Rule base Structure Identification - Neuro-Fuzzy Control , Case Studies.

1. Jyh-Shing Roger Jang, Chuen-Tsai Sun, Eiji Mizutani, Neuro-Fuzzy and Soft Computing, Prentice-Hall of India, 2003.
2. Kwang H.Lee, First course on Fuzzy Theory and Applications, Springer Verlag Berlin Heidelberg, 2005.
3. George J. Klir and Bo Yuan, Fuzzy Sets and Fuzzy Logic-Theory and Applications, Prentice Hall, 1995.
4. James A. Freeman and David M. Skapura, Neural Networks Algorithms, Applications, and Programming Techniques, Pearson Edn., 2003.
5. David E. Goldberg, Genetic Algorithms in Search, Optimization and Machine Learning, Addison Wesley, 2007.
6. Mitsuo Gen and Runwei Cheng,Genetic Algorithms and Engineering Optimization, Wiley Publishers 2000.
7. Mitchell Melanie, An Introduction to Genetic Algorithm, Prentice Hall, 1998.
8. S.N.Sivanandam, S.N.Deepa, Introduction to Genetic Algorithms, Springer, 2007.
9. Eiben and Smith Introduction to Evolutionary Computing Springer
10. E. Sanchez, T. Shibata, and L. A. Zadeh, Eds., "Genetic Algorithms and Fuzzy Logic Systems: Soft Computing Perspectives, Advances in Fuzzy Systems - Applications and Theory", Vol. 7, River Edge, World Scientific, 1997.


NC7003, Network Processor

Subject Introduction / Notes not available

Unit I - INTRODUCTION
Traditional protocol processing Systems, Network processing Hardware - Basic Packet Processing Algorithms and data Structures - - Packet processing functions, Protocol Software - Hardware Architectures for Protocol processing, Classification and Forwarding - Switching Fabrics.

Unit II - NETWORK PROCESSOR TECHNOLOGY
Network Processors: Motivation and purpose - - Complexity of Network Processor Design - Network Processor Architectures architectural variety, - Architectural characteristics Peripheral Chips supporting Network Processors: Storage processors, - Classification Processors, Search Engines, - Switch Fabrics, - Traffic Managers.

Unit III - COMMERCIAL NETWORK PROCESSORS
Multi-Chip Pipeline, - Augmented RISC processor, - Embedded Processor plus Coprocessors, - Pipelilne of Flomogeneous processors, - Configurable Instruction set processors - Pipeline of Electrogeneous processors - Extensive and Diverse processors - Flexible RISC plus Coprocessors - Scalability issues - Design Tradeoffs and consequences.

Unit IV - NETWORK PROCESSOR: ARCHITECTURE AND PROGRAMMING
Architecture: Intel Network Processor: Multiheaded Architecture Overview - Features- Embedded EISC processor - - Packet Processor Hardware - Memory interfaces - System and Control Interface Components - Bus Interface. Programming Software Development Kit- - IXP Instruction set , register formats - Micro Engine Programming - Intra thread and Inter-thread communication - Thread synchronization developing sample applications - Control plane ARM programming.

Unit V - IOS TECHNOLOGIES
CISCO COS , Connectilvity and scalability - High availability - IP routing - IP services - IPV6, Mobile IP - MPLS , IP Multicast 0 Manageability - QoS , Security , - Switching - Layer VPN2.

1. Douglas E.Comer, Networks Systems Design using Network Processors- Prentice Hall JaN. 2003.
2. Panas C. Lekkas, -Network Processors: Architectgures, Protocols and Paradigms Telecom Engineering, McGraw Hill, Professional, 2003.
3. Patrick Crowley, M a Eranklin, H. Hadminglu, PZ Onfryk, -Network Processor Design, Issues and Practices Vol-1 Morgan Kaufman, 2002.
4. Patrick Crowley, M a Frankliln, H. Hadimioglyum PZ Onufryk, Network Processor Design, Issues and Prentices vol.II, Morgan Kaufman, 2003.
5. Erik, J.Johnson and Aaron R.Kunze, -IXP2400/2806 Programming: The Microengine Coding Grade, Intel Press.
6. Hill Carlson, Intel Internet Exchange Architecture & Applications a Practical Guide to Intels network Processors- Intel press. www.cisco.com


NE7007, Network Management

The objective of this course is to
To understand the need for interoperable network management
To learn to the concepts and architecture behind standards based network management
To understand the concepts and terminology associated with SNMP and TMN
To understand network management as a typical distributed application
To study the current trends in network management technologies

Unit I - FUNDAMENTALS OF COMPUTER NETWORK TECHNOLOGY
Network Topology, LAN, - Network node components- Hubs, Bridges, Routers, Gateways, Switches, WAN, - ISDN Transmission Technology, - Communications protocols and standards - Network Management: Goals, Organization, and Functions, Network and System Management, - Network Management System Platform, Current Status and future of Network

Unit II - OSI NETWORK MANAGEMENT
OSI Network management model - Organizational model-Information model, communication model. - Abstract Syntax Notation - Encoding structure, - Macros Functional model CMIP/CMIS

Unit III - INTERNET MANAGEMENT(SNMP)
SNMP(V1 and V2)-Organizational model - System Overview, The information model, communication model-Functional model - SNMP proxy server, Management information, protocol - remote monitoring, RMON SMI and MIB, RMON1,RMON2 - A Case Study of Internet Traffic Using RMON.

Unit IV - BROADBAND NETWORK MANAGEMENT
Broadband networks and services, - ATM Technology-VP,VC, ATM Packet, Integrated service, - ATM LAN emulation, Virtual Lan. - ATM Network Management-ATM Network - reference model, integrated local management Interface. - ATM Management Information base, - Role of SNMD and ILMI in ATM Management, M1, M2, M3, M4 Interface. - ATM Digital Exchange Interface Management, - TMN conceptual Model- TMN Architecture, - TMN Management Service Architecture

Unit V - NETWORK MANAGEMENT APPLICATIONS
Configuration management - Fault management, performance management, - Event Correlation Techniques security Management, - Accounting management, Report Management, - Policy Based Management Service Level Management - Network Management Tools, - Network Statistics Measurement Systems - Web Based Management, - XML Based Network Management - : Future Directions.

1. Mani Subramanian, Network Management Principles and practice , Pearson Education, New Delhi, 2010.
2. STALLINGS, WILLIAM, SNMP, SNMPv2, SNMPv3, and RMON 1 and 2, Pearson Education, 2012
3. Salah Aiidarous, Thomas Plevayk, Telecommunications Network Management Technologies and Implementations , eastern Economy Edition IEEE press, New Delhi, 1998.
4. Lakshmi G. Raman, -Fundamentals of Telecommunication Network Management , Eastern Economy Edition IEEE Press, New Delhi, 1999.


NC7201, Communication Network Security

CU7009, Neural Networks and Applications

Subject Introduction / Notes not available

Unit I - BASIC LEARNING ALGORITHMS
Biological Neuron, Artificial Neural Model - Types of activation functions , Architecture: Feedforward and Feedback - Learning Process: Error Correction Learning - Memory Based Learning - Hebbian Learning , Competitive Learning - Boltzman Learning , Supervised and Unsupervised Learning - Learning Tasks: Pattern Space , Weight Space , Pattern Association - Pattern Recognition , Function Approximation - Control , Filtering - Beamforming , Memory , Adaptation - Statistical Learning Theory , Single Layer Perceptron - Perceptron Learning Algorithm , Perceptron Convergence Theorem - Least Mean Square Learning Algorithm - Multilayer Perceptron - Back Propagation Algorithm , XOR problem - Limitations of Back - Propagation Algorithm.

Unit II - RADIAL-BASIS FUNCTION NETWORKS AND SUPPORT VECTOR MACHINES RADIAL BASIS FUNCTION NETWORKS
Cover?s Theorem on the Separability of Patterns - Exact Interpolator, Regularization Theory - Generalized Radial Basis Function Networks - Learning in Radial Basis Function Networks - Applications: XOR Problem - Image Classification. - SUPPORT VECTOR MACHINES - Optimal Hyperplane for Linearly Separable Patterns and Nonseparable Patterns - Support Vector Machine for Pattern Recognition - XOR Problem-insensitive Loss Function - Support Vector Machines for Nonlinear Regression

Unit III - COMMITTEE MACHINES
Ensemble Averaging - Boosting - Associative Gaussian Mixture Model - Hierarchical Mixture of Experts Model(HME) , Model Selection using a Standard Decision Tree - A Priori and Postpriori Probabilities , Maximum Likelihood Estimation - Learning Strategies for the HME Model - EMAlgorithm, Applications of EM Algorithm to HME Model - NEURODYNAMICS SYSTEMS - Dynamical Systems, Attractors and Stability , Non-linear Dynamical Systems- Lyapunov Stability - Neurodynamical Systems , The Cohen-Grossberg Theorem.

Unit IV - ATTRACTOR NEURAL NETWORKS:
Associative Learning , Attractor Neural Network Associative Memory - Linear Associative Memory - Hopfield Network , Content Addressable Memory - Strange Attractors and Chaos- Error Performance of Hopfield Networks - Applications of Hopfield Networks , Simulated Annealing - Boltzmann Machine , Bidirectional Associative Memory - BAM Stability Analysis - Error Correction in BAMs , Memory Annihilation of Structured Maps in BAMS - Continuous BAMs , Adaptive BAMs , Applications - ADAPTIVE RESONANCE THEORY: - Noise-Saturation Dilemma - Solving Noise-Saturation Dilemma , Recurrent On-center Off - surround Networks, Building Blocks of Adaptive Resonance , Substrate of Resonance Structural - Details of Resonance Model , Adaptive Resonance Theory , Applications

Unit V - SELF ORGANISING MAPS:
Self-organizing Map , Maximal Eigenvector Filtering , Sangers Rule - Generalized Learning Law,Competitive Learning - Vector Quantization - Mexican Hat Networks - Self-organizing Feature Maps , Applications - PULSED NEURON MODELS: - Spiking Neuron Model , Integrate-and-Fire Neurons - Conductance Based Models , Computing with Spiking Neurons.

REFERENCES:
1. Satish Kumar, Neural Networks: A Classroom Approach, Tata McGraw-Hill Publishing Company Limited, New Delhi, 2004.
2. Simon Haykin, Neural Networks: A Comprehensive Foundation, 2ed., Addison Wesley Longman (Singapore) Private Limited, Delhi, 2001.
3. Martin T.Hagan, Howard B. Demuth, and Mark Beale, Neural Network Design, Thomson Learning, New Delhi, 2003.
4. James A. Freeman and David M. Skapura, Neural Networks Algorithms, Applications, and Programming Techniques, Pearson Education (Singapore) Private Limited, Delhi, 2003.


CU7301, Advanced Satellite based Systems

Subject Introduction / Notes not available

Unit I - UNIT I
NAVIGATION, TRACKING AND SAFETY SYSTEMS - Global Navigation Satellite Systems - Basic concepts of GPS - Space segment - Control segment - User segment - GPS constellation - GPS measurement characteristics - Selective availability(AS) - Anti spoofing (AS) - Applications of Satelite and GPS for 3D position - Velocity determination as function of time - Interdisciplinary applications - Regional Navigation Systems - Distress and Safety - Cospas Sarsat - Inmarsat Distress System - Location-Based service

Unit II - UNIT II INERTIAL NAVIGATION AND DIFFERENTIAL GPS SYSTEMS
Introduction to Inertial Navigation - Inertial Sensors Navigation Coordinates System - Implementations - System Level Error Models - Introduction to Differential GPS LAD, GPS WAD, GPS WAAS - GEO Uplink Subsystem (GUS) - GEO Uplink Subsystem (GUS) - Clock Steering Algorithms - GEO Orbit Determination Problems

Unit III - UNIT III REMOTE SENSING SYSTEMS AND TECHNIQUES
Introduction - Commercial Imaging - DigitalGlobe - GeoEye Meteorology - Meteosat Land Observation - Landsat Remote Sensing - Data Sensors Overview - Optical Sensors Cameras - Non Optical Sensors Image Processing - Image Interpretation - System Characteristics

Unit IV - UNIT IV BROADCAST SYSTEMS
Introduction - Satellite Radio Systems - XM Satellite Radio Inc - Sirius Satellite Radio - World space - Direct Multimedia Broadcast MBCO and - TU Multimedia European Initiatives - Direct to Home Television Implementation Issues - DTH Services Representative DTH Systems - Military Multimedia Broadcasts - US Global Broadcast Service (GBS) - Business TV(BTV) - GRAMSAT - Specialized services - E mail - Video conferencing - Internet

Unit V - UNIT V SATELLITE NETWORKING SYSTEM WITH IPV6
Overview of IPv6 and its benefits - Migration and Coexistence - IPv6 Addressing Mechanisms - Addresses for Hosts and Routers - IPv6 Infrastructure - Routing and Route Management Configuration Methods - Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol for IPv6 - IPv6 and Related Protocols - IPv6 Header Format Traffic Classes

1. Global Positioning Systems, Inertial Navigation, and Integration. MOHINDER S. GREWAL, California State University at Fullerton, A John Wiley & Sons, Inc. Publication.
2. Satellite Systems Engineering in an IPv6 Environment, Daniel Minoli, CRC Press.
3. Satellite systems for personal Applications, Madhavendra Richharia, A John Wiley and Sons, Ltd., Publication.
4. Dennis Roddy, ?Satellite Communication?, McGraw Hill International, 4th Edition, 2006.
5. Wilbur L. Pritchard, Hendri G. Suyderhoud, Robert A. Nelson, ?Satellite Communication
Systems Engineering?, Prentice Hall/Pearson, 2007


NC7001, Network Routing Algorithms

To expose the students to the layered architecture for communication networks and the specific
functionality of the network layer.
To enable the student to understand the basic principles of routing and the manner this is
implemented in conventional networks and the evolving routing algorithms based on
Internetworking requirements, optical backbone and the wireless access part of the network.
To enable the student to understand the different routing algorithms existing and their
performance characteristics.


Unit I - INTRODUCTION
ISO OSI Layer Architecture, TCP/IP Layer Architecture - Functions of Network layer, General Classification of routing - Routing in telephone networks, Dynamic Non hierarchical Routing(DNHR) - Trunk status map routing (TSMR), real-time network routing (RTNR) - Distance vector routing, Link state routing, Hierarchical routing.

Unit II - INTERNET ROUTING
Interior protocol : Routing Information Protocol (RIP), Open Shortest Path First (OSPF) - Bellman Ford Distance Vector Routing. Exterior Routing Protocols: Exterior Gateway Protocol (EGP) - Border Gateway Protocol (BGP),Multicast Routing: Pros and cons of Multicast and MultipleUnicast Routing - Distance Vector Multicast Routing Protocol (DVMRP), Multicast Open ShortestPath First (MOSPF) - MBONE, Core Based Tree Routing.

Unit III - ROUTING IN OPTICAL WDM NETWORKS
Classification of RWA algorithms, RWA algorithms - Fairness and Admission Control, Distributed Control Protocols - Permanent Routing and Wavelength Requirements, Wavelength Rerouting-Benefits and Issues - Lightpath Migration, Rerouting Schemes, Algorithms- AG, MWPG.

Unit IV - MOBILE - IP NETWORKS
Macro-mobility Protocols, Micro-mobility protocol: Tunnel based Hierarchical Mobile IP - Intra domain Mobility Management - Routing based: Cellular IP - Handoff Wireless Access Internet Infrastructure (HAWAII).

Unit V - MOBILE AD ?HOC NETWORKS
Internet-based mobile ad-hoc networking communication strategies - Routing algorithms ?Proactive routing: destination sequenced Distance Vector Routing (DSDV) - Reactive routing:Dynamic Source Routing (DSR), Ad hoc On-Demand Distance Vector Routing (AODV) - Hybrid Routing: Zone Based Routing (ZRP).

REFERENCES:
1. William Stallings, High speed networks and Internets Performance and Quality of Service, II nd
Edition, Pearson Education Asia. Reprint India 2002
2. M. Steen Strub, Routing in Communication network, Prentice -Hall International,
Newyork,1995.
3. S. Keshav, An engineering approach to computer networking- Addison Wesley 1999.
4. William Stallings, -High speed Networks TCP/IP and ATM Design Principles, Prentice- Hall,
New York, 1995
5. C.E Perkins, Ad Hoc Networking, Addison Wesley, 2001
6. Ian F. Akyildiz, Jiang Xie and Shantidev Mohanty, A Survey of mobility Management in Next
generation All IP- Based Wireless Systems, IEEE Wireless Communications Aug.2004, pp 16-27.
7. A.T Campbell et al., Comparison of IP Micromobility Protocols, IEEE Wireless
Communications Feb.2002, pp 72-82.
8. C.Siva Rama Murthy and Mohan Gurusamy, WDM Optical Networks - Concepts, Design and
Algorithms, Prentice Hall of India Pvt. Ltd, New Delhi -2002.


ELECTIVE-V, Elective V

ELECTIVE-VI, Elective VI

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2013 ECE III SEM- B.E Curriculum and Syllabus

Curriculum and Syllabus: B.E. 2013 ECE, AUC 2013
Semester: 3

MA6351, Transforms and Partial Differential Equations

Objectives:
1.To introduce Fourier series analysis which is central to many applications in engineering apart from its use in solving boundary value problems
2.To acquaint the student with Fourier transform techniques used in wide variety of situations
3.To introduce the effective mathematical tools for the solutions of partial differential equations that model several physical processes and to develop Z transform techniques for discrete time systems


Unit I - Partial Differential Equations
Formation of partial differential equations - Singular integrals - Solutions of standard types of first order partial differential equations - Lagrange's linear equation - Linear partial differential equations of second and higher order with constant coefficients of both homogeneous and non-homogeneous types.

Unit II - Fourier Series
Dirichlet's conditions - General Fourier series - Odd and even functions - Half range sine series - Half range cosine series - Complex form of Fourier series - Parseval's identity - Harmonic analysis.

Unit III - Applications of Partial Differential Equations
Classification of PDE - Method of separation of variables - Solutions of one dimensional wave equation - One dimensional equation of heat conduction - Steady state solution of two dimensional equation of heat conduction (excluding insulated edges).

Unit IV - Fourier Transforms
Statement of Fourier integral theorem - Fourier transform pair - Fourier sine and cosine transforms - Properties - Transforms of simple functions - Convolution theorem - Parseval's identity.

Unit V - Z-Transforms and Difference Equations
Z-transforms - Elementary properties - Inverse Z-transform (using partial fraction and residues) - Convolution theorem - Formation of difference equations - Solution of difference equations using Z-transform.

TEXT BOOKS:
1. Veerarajan. T., "Transforms and Partial Differential Equations", Tata McGraw Hill Education Pvt.Ltd., New Delhi, Second reprint, 2012.
2. Grewal. B.S., "Higher Engineering Mathematics", 42nd Edition, Khanna Publishers, Delhi, 2012.
3. Narayanan.S., Manicavachagom Pillay.T.K and Ramanaiah.G "Advanced Mathematics for
Engineering Students" Vol. II & III, S.Viswanathan Publishers Pvt. Ltd.1998.

REFERENCES:
1. Bali.N.P and Manish Goyal, "A Textbook of Engineering Mathematics", 7th Edition, Laxmi Publications Pvt Ltd, 2007.
2. Ramana.B.V., "Higher Engineering Mathematics", Tata Mc Graw Hill Publishing Company Limited, NewDelhi, 2008.
3. Glyn James, "Advanced Modern Engineering Mathematics", 3rd Edition, Pearson Education, 2007.
4. Erwin Kreyszig, "Advanced Engineering Mathematics", 8th Edition, Wiley India, 2007.
5. Ray Wylie. C and Barrett.L.C, "Advanced Engineering Mathematics" Tata Mc Graw Hill Education Pvt Ltd, Sixth Edition, New Delhi, 2012.
6. Datta.K.B., "Mathematical Methods of Science and Engineering", Cengage Learning India Pvt Ltd, Delhi, 2013.


EE6352, Electrical Engineering and Instrumentation

To introduce three phase supply and power measurement.
To understand concepts in electrical generators, motors and transformers.
To introduce power generation, transmission and distribution concepts.
To learn basic measurement concepts.
To learn the concepts of electronic measurements.
To learn about importance of digital instruments in measurements


Unit I - DC MACHINES
Three phase circuits, a review. - Construction of DC machines - Theory of operation of DC generators - Characteristics of DC generators - Operating principle of DC motors - Types of DC motors and their characteristics - Speed control of DC motors Applications.

Unit II - TRANSFORMER
Introduction Single phase transformer construction - principle of operation - EMF equation of transformer - Transformer no load phasor diagram - Transformer on?load phasor diagram - Equivalent circuit of transformer - Regulation of transformer - Transformer losses and efficiency - Allday efficiency,auto transformers

Unit III - INDUCTION MACHINES AND SYNCHRONOUS MACHINES
Principle of operation of three-phase induction motors - Construction,Types,Equivalent circuit - Construction of single-phase induction motors - Types of single phase induction motors - Double revolving field theory,starting methods - Principles of alternator,Construction details ,Types - Equation of induced EMF ,Voltage regulation. - Methods of starting of synchronous motors - Torque equation ,V curves - Synchronous motors.

Unit IV - BASICS OF MEASUREMENT AND INSTRUMENTATION
Static and Dynamic Characteristics of Measurement - Errors in Measurement - Classification ofTransducers,Variable resistive ,Strainguage - thermistor RTD ,transducer ,Variable Capacitive Transducer - Capacitor Microphone,Piezo Electric Transducer,Variable Inductive transducer - LVDT, RVDT

Unit V - ANALOG AND DIGITAL INSTRUMENTS
DVM, DMM ,Storage Oscilloscope. - Comparison of Analog and Digital Modes of operation, - Application of measurement system Errors. - Measurement of R, L and C, Wheatstone, Kelvin, - Maxwell, Anderson, - Schering and Wien bridges Measurement of Inductance, Capacitance, Effective - resistance at high frequency, Q-Meter.

TEXT BOOKS:
1. I.J Nagarath and Kothari DP, -Electrical Machines-, McGraw-Hill Education (India) Pvt Ltd
4th Edition ,2010
2.A.K.Sawhney, -A Course in Electrical & Electronic Measurements and Instrumentation-,
Dhanpat Rai and Co, 2004.
REFERENCES:
1. Del Toro, -Electrical Engineering Fundamentals- Pearson Education, New Delhi, 2007.
2. W.D.Cooper & A.D.Helfrick, -Modern Electronic Instrumentation and Measurement
Techniques-, 5th Edition, PHI, 2002.
3. John Bird, -Electrical Circuit Theory and Technology-, Elsevier, First Indian Edition, 2006.
4. Thereja .B.L, -Fundamentals of Electrical Engineering and Electronics-, S Chand & Co Ltd,
2008.
5. H.S.Kalsi, -Electronic Instrumentation-, Tata Mc Graw-Hill Education, 2004.
6. J.B.Gupta, -Measurements and Instrumentation-, S K Kataria & Sons, Delhi, 2003.


EC6301, Object Oriented Programming and Data Structures

To comprehend the fundamentals of object oriented programming, particularly in C++.
To use object oriented programming to implement data structures.
To introduce linear, non-linear data structures and their applications.


Unit I - DATA ABSTRACTION & OVERLOADING
Overview of C++ - Structures - Class Scope and Accessing Class Members - Reference Variables - Initialization - Constructors - Destructors - Member Functions and Classes - Friend Function - Dynamic Memory Allocation - Static Class Members - Container Classes and Integrators - Proxy Classes - Overloading: Function overloading and Operator Overloading

Unit II - INHERITANCE & POLYMORPHISM
Base Classes and Derived Classes - Protected Members - Casting Class pointers and Member - Functions - Overriding - Public, Protected and Private Inheritance - Constructors and Destructors inderived Classes - Implicit Derived - Class Object To Base - Class Object Conversion - Composition Vs Inheritance - Virtual functions - This Pointer - Abstract Base Classes and Concrete Classes - Virtual Destructors - Dynamic Binding

Unit III - LINEAR DATA STRUCTURES
Abstract Data Types (ADTs) - List ADT - array based implementation - linked list implementation - singly linked lists - Polynomial Manipulation - Stack ADT - Queue ADT - Evaluating arithmetic expressions

Unit IV - NON-LINEAR DATA STRUCTURES
Trees - Binary Trees - Binary tree representation and traversals - Application of trees: Set representation and Union - Find operations - Graph and its representations - Graph Traversals - Representation of Graphs - Breadth first search - Depth first search - Connected components

Unit V - SORTING and SEARCHING
Sorting algorithms: Insertion sort - Quick sort - Merge sort - Searching: Linear search - Binary Search

TEXT BOOKS:
1. Deitel and Deitel, "C++, How To Program", Fifth Edition, Pearson Education, 2005.
2. Mark Allen Weiss, "Data Structures and Algorithm Analysis in C++", Third Edition, Addison-Wesley, 2007.
REFERENCES:
1. Bhushan Trivedi, "Programming with ANSI C++, A Step-By-Step approach", Oxford UniversityPress, 2010.
2. Goodrich, Michael T, Roberto Tamassia, David Mount, "Data Structures and Algorithms in C++", 7th Edition, Wiley. 2004.
3. Thomas H. Cormen, Charles E. Leiserson, Ronald L. Rivest and Clifford Stein, "Introduction to Algorithms", Second Edition, Mc Graw Hill, 2002.
4. Bjarne Stroustrup, "The C++ Programming Language", 3rd Edition, Pearson Education, 2007.
5. Ellis Horowitz, Sartaj Sahni and Dinesh Mehta, "Fundamentals of Data Structures in C++",Galgotia Publications, 2007.


EC6302, Digital Electronics

OBJECTIVES:
To introduce basic postulates of Boolean algebra and shows the correlation between Boolean expressions
To introduce the methods for simplifying Boolean expressions
To outline the formal procedures for the analysis and design of combinational circuits
and sequential circuits
To introduce the concept of memories and programmable logic devices.
To illustrate the concept of synchronous and asynchronous sequential circuits

Unit I - MINIMIZATION TECHNIQUES AND LOGIC GATES
Minimization Techniques: Boolean postulates and laws De Morgans Theorem - Principle of Duality Boolean expression - Minimization of Boolean expressions Minterm Maxterm - Sum of Products (SOP) Product of Sums (POS) - Karnaugh map Minimization Dont care conditions - Quine Mc Cluskey method of minimization - Logic Gates: AND, OR, NOT, NAND, NOR - Exclusive OR and Exclusive NOR - Implementations of Logic Functions using gates - NAND NOR implementations Multi level gate implementations - Multi output gate implementations - TTL and CMOS Logic and their characteristics - Tristate gates

Unit II - COMBINATIONAL CIRCUITS
Design procedure - Half adder Full Adder - Half subtractor Full subtractor - Parallel binary adder parallel binary Subtractor - Fast Adder Carry Look Ahead adder - Serial Adder Subtractor - BCD adder - Binary Multiplier Binary Divider - Multiplexer Demultiplexer - decoder encoder - parity checker - parity generators - code converters Magnitude Comparator

Unit III - SEQUENTIAL CIRCUITS
Latches Flip-flops - SR, JK, D, T, and Master Slave - Characteristic table and equation - Application table Edge triggering - Level Triggering - Realization of one flip flop using other flip flops - serial adder subtractor - Asynchronous Ripple or serial counter - Asynchronous Up Down counter - Synchronous counters - Synchronous Up Down counters - Programmable counters - Design of Synchronous counters state diagram State table - State minimization State assignment - Excitation table and maps - Circuit implementation - Modulo n counter Registers - shift registers - Universal shift registers - Shift register counters Ring counter - Shift counters Sequence generators.

Unit IV - MEMORY DEVICES
Classification of memories ROM ROM organization - PROM EPROM EEPROM EAPROM - RAM RAM organization - Write operation Read operation - Memory cycle Timing wave forms - Memory decoding memory expansion - Static RAM Cell Bipolar RAM cell - MOSFET RAM cell Dynamic RAM cell - Programmable Logic Devices - Programmable Logic Array (PLA) - Programmable Array Logic (PAL) - Field Programmable Gate Arrays (FPGA) - Implementation of combinational logic circuits using ROM, PLA, PAL

Unit V - SYNCHRONOUS AND ASYNCHRONOUS SEQUENTIAL CIRCUITS
Synchronous Sequential Circuits General Model - Classification Design - Use of Algorithmic State Machine - Analysis of Synchronous Sequential Circuits Asynchronous Sequential Circuits - Design of fundamental mode and pulse mode circuits - Incompletely specified State Machines - Problems in Asynchronous Circuits - Design of Hazard Free Switching circuits - Design of Combinational and Sequential circuits using VERILOG

Text BOOK
1. M. Morris Mano, Digital Design, 4th Edition, Prentice Hall of India Pvt. Ltd., 2008 / Pearson Education (Singapore) Pvt. Ltd., New Delhi, 2003.
REFERENCES:
1. John F.Wakerly, Digital Design, Fourth Edition, Pearson/PHI, 2008
2. John.M Yarbrough, Digital Logic Applications and Design, Thomson Learning, 2006.
3. Charles H.Roth. Fundamentals of Logic Design, 6th Edition, Thomson Learning, 2013.
4. Donald P.Leach and Albert Paul Malvino, Digital Principles and Applications, 6th Edition, TMH, 2006.
5. Thomas L. Floyd, Digital Fundamentals, 10th Edition, Pearson Education Inc, 2011
6. Donald D.Givone, Digital Principles and Design, TMH, 2003.


EC6303, Signals and Systems

OBJECTIVES:
1. To understand the basic properties of signal & systems and the various methods of
classification
2. To learn Laplace Transform and Fourier transform and their properties
3. To know Z transform & DTFT and their properties
4. To characterize LTI systems in the Time domain and various Transform domains

Unit I - CLASSIFICATION OF SIGNALS AND SYSTEMS
Continuous time signals (CT signals) - Discrete time signals (DT signals) - Step, Ramp, Pulse,Impulse, Sinusoidal, Exponential - Classification of CT and DT signals - Periodic & Aperiodic signals - Deterministic & Random signals, Energy & Power signals - CT systems and DT systems - Classification of systems - Static & Dynamic, Linear & Nonlinear - Time-variant & Time-invariant - Causal & Noncausal, Stable & Unstable

Unit II - ANALYSIS OF CONTINUOUS TIME SIGNALS
Fourier series analysis - Spectrum of Continuous Time (CT) signals - Fourier Transform - Laplace Transforms in CT Signal Analysis - Properties.

Unit III - LINEAR TIME INVARIANT- CONTINUOUS TIME SYSTEMS
Differential Equation - Block diagram representation - Impulse response - Convolution integrals - Fourier transforms in Analysis of CT systems - Laplace transforms in Analysis of CT systems

Unit IV - ANALYSIS OF DISCRETE TIME SIGNALS
Baseband Sampling - DTFT - Properties of DTFT - Z Transform - Properties of Z Transform

Unit V - LINEAR TIME INVARIANT-DISCRETE TIME SYSTEMS
Difference Equations - Block diagram representation - Impulse response - Convolution sum - Discrete Fourier Analysis of Recursive & Non-Recursive systems - Z Transform Analysis of Recursive & Non-Recursive systems

TEXT BOOK:
1. Allan V.Oppenheim, S.Wilsky and S.H.Nawab, signals and Systems, Pearson, 2007.

REFERENCES:
1. B. P. Lathi, Principles of Linear Systems and Signals, Second Edition, Oxford, 2009.
2. R.E.Zeimer, W.H.Tranter and R.D.Fannin, Signals & Systems - Continuous and Discrete, Pearson, 2007.
3. John Alan Stuller, An Introduction to Signals and Systems, Thomson, 2007.
4. M.J.Roberts, Signals & Systems Analysis using Transform Methods & MATLAB, Tata McGraw Hill, 2007.


EC6304, Electronic Circuits- I

OBJECTIVES:
The student should be made to
*Learn about biasing of BJTs and MOSFETs
*Design and construct amplifiers
*Construct amplifiers with active loads
*Study high frequency response of all amplifiers


Unit I - BIASING OF DISCRETE BJT AND MOSFET
DC Load line - operating point - Various biasing methods for BJT - Design-Stability - Bias compensation - Thermal stability - Design of biasing for JFET - Design of biasing for MOSFET

Unit II - BJT AMPLIFIERS
Small signal Analysis of Common Emitter - AC Loadline - Voltage swing limitations - Common collector and common base amplifiers - Differential amplifiers - CMRR - Darlington Amplifier - Bootstrap technique - Cascaded stages - Cascode Amplifier

Unit III - JFET AND MOSFET AMPLIFIERS
Small signal analysis of JFT amplifiers - Small signal Analysis of MOSFET - Small signal Analysis of JFET - Common source amplifier - Voltage swing limitations - Small signal analysis of MOSFET and JFET Source follower - Common Gate amplifiers - BiMOS Cascode amplifier

Unit IV - FREQUENCY ANALYSIS OF BJT AND MOSFET AMPLIFIERS
Low frequency and Miller effect - High frequency analysis of CE and MOSFET CS amplifier - Short circuit current gain - cut off frequency - /(f_{\alpha}) and /(f_{\beta}) unity gain - Determination of bandwidth of single stage amplifiers - Determination of bandwidth of multistage amplifiers

Unit V - IC MOSFET AMPLIFIERS
IC Amplifiers - IC biasing Current steering circuit using MOSFET - MOSFET current sources - PMOS and NMOS current sources - Amplifier with active loads - Enhancement load - Depletion load and PMOS and NMOS current sources load - CMOS common source and source follower - CMOS differential amplifier - CMRR

TEXT BOOK:
1. Donald .A. Neamen, Electronic Circuit Analysis and Design,2nd Edition,Tata Mc Graw Hill, 2009.

REFERENCES:
1. Adel .S. Sedra, Kenneth C. Smith, Micro Electronic Circuits, 6th Edition, Oxford University Press, 2010.
2.David A.,Bell, Electronic Devices and Circuits, Oxford Higher Education Press,5th Editon,2010
3.Behzad Razavi, Design of Analog CMOS Integrated Circuits, Tata Mc Graw Hill, 2007.
4.Paul Gray, Hurst, Lewis, Meyer, Analysis and Design of Analog Integrated Circuits, 4th Edition, John Willey & Sons 2005.
5.Millman.J. and Halkias C.C, Integrated Electronics, Mc Graw Hill, 2001.
6.D.Schilling and C.Belove, Electronic Circuits, 3rd Edition, Mc Graw Hill, 1989.


EC6311, Analog and Digital Circuits Laboratory

The student should be made to:
Study the characteristic of CE,CB and CC Amplifier
Learn the frequency response of CS Amplifiers
Study the Transfer characteristic of differential amplifier
Perform experiment to obtain the bandwidth of single stage and multistage amplifiers
Perform Spice simulation of electronics circuits

Unit I - LIST OF ANALOG EXPERIMENTS
1. Frequency Response of CE / CB / CC amplifier - 2. Frequency response of CS Amplifiers - 3. Darlington Amplifier - 4. Differential Amplifiers- Transfer characteristic. - 5. CMRR Measurment - 6. Cascode / Cascade amplifier - 7. Determination of bandwidth of single stage and multistage amplifiers - 8. Spice Simulation of Common Emitter and Common Source amplifiers - LIST OF DIGITAL EXPERIMENTS - 9. Design and implementation of code converters using logic gates - (i) BCD to excess-3 code and vice versa (ii) Binary to gray and vice-versa - 10. Design and implementation of 4 bit binary Adder/ Subtractor and BCD adder using IC 7483 - 11. Design and implementation of Multiplexer and De-multiplexer using logic gates - 12. Design and implementation of encoder and decoder using logic gates - 13. Construction and verification of 4 bit ripple counter and Mod-10 / Mod-12 Ripple counters - 14. Design and implementation of 3-bit synchronous up/down counter - 15. Implementation of SISO, SIPO, PISO and PIPO shift registers using Flip- flops

Books information not available


EC6312, OOPS and Data Structures Laboratory


Learn C++ programming language
Be exposed to the different data structures
Be familiar with applications using different data structures

Unit I - 1. Basic Programs for C++ Concepts
2. Array implementation of List Abstract Data Type (ADT) - 3. Linked list implementation of List ADT - 4. Cursor implementation of List ADT - 5. Stack ADT - Array and linked list implementations - 6. The next two exercises are to be done by implementing the following source files - i. Program source files for Stack Application 1 - ii. Array implementation of Stack ADT - iii.Linked list implementation of Stack ADT - iv. Program source files for Stack Application 2 - v. An appropriate header file for the Stack ADT should be included in (i) and (iv) - 7. Implement any Stack Application using array implementation of Stack ADT (by implementing files (i) and (ii) given above) and then using linked list - 8. Implementation of Stack ADT (by using files (i) and implementing file (iii)) - 9. Implement another Stack Application using array and linked list implementations of Stack ADT (by implementing files (iv) and using file (ii), and then by using files (iv) and (iii)) - 11. Queue ADT - Array and linked list implementations - 12. Search Tree ADT - Binary Search Tree - 13. Implement an interesting application as separate source files and using any of the searchable ADT files developed earlier. Replace the ADT file alone with other appropriate ADT files. Compare the performance. - 14. Quick Sort

REFERENCE:
spoken-tutorial.org


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2012 ECE V SEM-B.E CURRICULUM AND SYLLABUS

Curriculum and Syllabus: B.E. 2012 ECE, AUC 2012
Semester: 5

GE2021, Environmental Science and Engineering

AIM:
The aim of this course is to create awareness in every engineering graduate about the importance of
environment, the effect of technology on the environment and ecological balance and make him/her
sensitive to the environment problems in every professional endeavour that he/she participates.
OBJECTIVES:
At the end of this course the student is expected to understand what constitutes the environment,
what are precious resources in the environment, how to conserve these resources, what is the role
of a human being in maintaining a clean environment and useful environment for the future
generations and how to maintain ecological balance and preserve bio-diversity.

Unit I - Introduction to Environmental Studies and Natural Resources
Definition, Scope and Importance Need For Public Awareness - Forest Resources:- Use and Over - Exploitation, Deforestation, Case Studies - Timber Extraction, Mining, Dams and their Ground Water, Floods, Drought, Conflicts Over Water - Dams - Benefits and Problems Mineral Resources:-Use Effects on Forests and Tribal People - Water Resources:- Use and Over-Utilization of Surface and Exploitation - Environmental Effects of Extracting and Using Mineral Resources, Case Studies - Food Resources: World Food Problems, Changes caused by Agriculture and Overgrazing - Effects of Modern Agriculture, Fertilizer- Pesticide Problems, Water Logging, salinity - Case Studies Energy Resources:- Growing Energy Needs - Renewable and Non Renewable Energy Sources, Use of Alternate Energy Sources - Case Studies Land Resources:- Land as a Resource, Land Degradation, Man Induced Landslides - Soil Erosion and Desertification Role of an Individual in Conservation of Natural Resources - Equitable use of Resources for Sustainable Lifestyles. - Field Study of Local Area to Document Environmental assets - River/Forest/Grassland/Hill/ Mountain.

Unit II - Ecosystems and Biodiversity
Concepts of an Ecosystem ? Structure and Function of an Ecosystem - Producers, Consumers and Decomposers Energy Flow in the Ecosystem Ecological Succession - Food Chains, Food Webs and Ecological Pyramids Introduction, Types, Characteristic Features - Structure and Function of the (A) Forest Ecosystem (B) Grassland Ecosystem - (C) Desert Ecosystem (D) Aquatic Ecosystems - (Ponds, Streams, Lakes, Rivers, Oceans, Estuaries) Introduction to Biodiversity - Definition: Genetic, Species and Ecosystem Diversity Bio geographical Classification of India - Value of Biodiversity: Consumptive Use, Productive Use, Social, Ethical, Aesthetic and Option Values - Biodiversity at Global, National and Local Levels India as a Mega-Diversity Nation - Hot-Spots of Biodiversity Threats to Biodiversity: Habitat Loss, Poaching of Wildlife - Man-Wildlife Conflicts endangered and Endemic Species of India Conservation of Biodiversity: - In-Situ and Ex-Situ conservation of Biodiversity. - Field Study of Common Plants, Insects and Birds - Field Study of Simple Ecosystems - Pond, River,Hill Slopes, etc.

Unit III - Environmental Pollution
Definition Causes, Effects and Control Measures of:- (A) Air Pollution - (B) Water Pollution (C) Soil Pollution (D) Marine Pollution - (E) Noise Pollution (F) Thermal Pollution (G) Nuclear Hazards - Soil Waste Management:- Causes, Effects and Control Measures of Urban and Industrial Wastes - Role of an Individual in Prevention of Pollution - Pollution Case Studies - Disaster Management:- Floods,Earthquake, Cyclone and Landslides.

Unit IV - SOCIAL ISSUES AND THE ENVIRONMENT :
From Unsustainable To Sustainable Development - Urban Problems Related To energy - Water conservation, Rain Water Harvesting, Watershed Management - Resettlement and Rehabilitation of People - Its Problems and Concerns, Case Studies - Environmental Ethics:- Issues and Possible Solutions - Climate Change, Global Warming, Acid Rain - Ozone Layer Depletion - Nuclear Accidents and Holocaust, Case Studies - Wasteland Reclamation - Consumerism and Waste Products - Environment Production Act - Air (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act - Water (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act - Wildlife Protection Act Forest Conservation Act - Issues Involved in enforcement of Environmental Legislation - Public Awareness.

Unit V - HUMAN POPULATION AND THE ENVIRONMENT :
Population Growth, Variation Among Nations - Population Explosion - Family Welfare Programme environment and Human Health - Human Rights Value Education - HIV /AIDS Women and Child Welfare - Role of Information Technology in Environment and Human Health Case Studies.

Books information not availableTEXT BOOKS
1. Masters, G.M., -Introduction to Environmental Engineering and Science-, Pearson Education
Pvt., Ltd., 2nd Edition, 2004.
2. Miller, T.G. Jr., -Environmental Science-, Wadsworth Pub. Co.
3. Townsend C., Harper, J. and Begon, M., -Essentials of Ecology-, Blackwell Science,
2003.
4. Trivedi, R.K., and Goel, P.K., -Introduction to Air Pollution-, Techno- Science
Publications.
REFERENCES
1. Erach, B., -The Biodiversity of India-, Mapin Publishing Pvt. Ltd., Ahmedabad, India.
2. Trivedi, R.K., -Handbook of Environmental Law-s, Rules, Guidelines, Compliances and
Standards-, Vol - I and II, Envio Media.
3. Cunningham., Cooper, W.P. and Gorhani, T.H., -Environmental Encyclopedia-, Jaico
Publishing House, Mumbai, 2001.
4. Wages, K.D., -Environmental Management-, W.B. Saunders Co., Philadelphia, USA, 1998.


EC2301, Digital Communication

AIM
To introduce the basic concepts of Digital Communication in baseband and passband domains and to give an exposure to error control coding techniques.

OBJECTIVES
* To study signal space representation of signals and discuss the process of sampling, quantization and coding that are fundamental to the digital transmission of analog signals.
* To understand baseband and bandpass signal transmission and reception techniques.
* To learn error control coding which encompasses techniques for the encoding and decoding of digital data streams for their reliable transmission over noisy channels.

Unit I - DIGITAL COMMUNICATION SYSTEM
Introduction to Analog Pulse Communication Systems - Digital Communication Systems - Functional description - Channel classification - Performance Measure: Geometric representation of Signals - Bandwidth,Mathematical Models of Communication Channel

Unit II - BASEBAND FORMATTING TECHNIQUES
Sampling ,Impulse sampling, Natural Sampling - Sampler Implementation Quantisation - Uniform and Non-uniform - Encoding Techniques for Analog Sources- - Temporal waveform encoding - Spectral waveform encoding - Model-based encoding - Comparison of speech encoding methods.

Unit III - BASEBAND CODING TECHNIQUES
Error Control Codes - Block Codes - Convolutional Codes - Concept of Error Free Communication; - Classification of line codes - desirable characteristics and power spectra of line codes.

Unit IV - BASEBAND RECEPTION TECHNIQUES
Noise in Communication Systems; Receiving Filter - Correlator type, Matched Filter - type; Equalising Filter - Signal and system design for ISI elimination - Implementation, Eye Pattern analysis - Synchronisation; Detector, Maximum Likelihood Detector - Error Probability - Figure-of-Merit for Digital Detection.

Unit V - BANDPASS SIGNAL TRANSMISSION AND RECEPTION
Memory less modulation methods - Representation and Spectral characteristics - ASK,PSK, QAM - QPSK, FSK - Bandpass receiving filter - Error performance - Coherent and Non-coherent detection systems.

TEXT BOOKS
1. Amitabha Bhattacharya, Digital Communications, Tata McGraw Hill, 2006.
2. Simon Haykin, Digital Communications, John Wiley, 2006.

REFERENCES
1. John.G. Proakis, Fundamentals of Communication Systems, Pearson Education,2006.
2. Michael. B. Purrsley, Introduction to Digital Communication, Pearson Education,2006.
3. Bernard Sklar, Digital Communication, 2nd Edition, Paerson Education, 2006
4. Herbert Taub & Donald L Schilling Principles of Communication Systems ( 3rd Edition ) Tata McGraw Hill, 2008.
5. Leon W. Couch, Digital and Analog Communication Systems, 6th Edition, Pearson Education, 2001.


EC2302, Digital Signal Processing

AIM
To study the signal processing methods and processors.
OBJECTIVES
To study DFT and its computation
To study the design techniques for digital filters
To study the finite word length effects in signal processing
To study the non-parametric methods of power spectrum estimations
To study the fundamentals of digital signal processors.

Unit I - DISCRETE FOURIER TRANSFORM
DFT and its properties - Relation between DTFT and DFT - FFT computations using Decimation in time - Decimation in frequency algorithms - Overlap add and save methods

Unit II - INFINITE IMPULSE RESPONSE DIGITAL FILTERS
Review of design of analogue Butterworth filter - Review of design of analogue Chebyshev Filters - Frequency transformation in analogue domain - Design of IIR digital filters using impulse invariance technique - Design of digital filters using bilinear transform - pre warping - Realization using direct, cascade and parallel forms

Unit III - FINITE IMPULSE RESPONSE DIGITAL FILTERS
Symmetric and Antisymmetric FIR filters - Linear phase FIR filters - Design using Hamming Hanning and Black mann Windows - Frequency sampling method - Realization of FIR filters Transversal Linear phase and Polyphase structures

Unit IV - FINITE WORD LENGTH EFFECTS
Fixed point and floating point number representations Comparison - Truncation and Rounding errors Quantization noise - derivation for quantization noise power - coefficient quantization error - Product quantization error - Overflow error Round off noise power - limit cycle oscillations due to product roundoff and overflow errors - signal scaling

Unit V - MULTI RATE SIGNAL PROCESSING
Introduction to Multirate signal processing - Decimation and Interpolation - Interpolation-Polyphase - implementation of FIR filters for interpolator and decimator - Multistage implementation of sampling rate conversion - Design of narrow band filters - Applications of Multi rate signal processing

TEXT BOOKS

1. John G Proakis and Manolakis , Digital Signal Processing Principles Algorithms and Applications, Pearson, Fourth Edition 2007.
2. S.Salivahanan, A. Vallavaraj, C. Gnanapriya, Digital Signal Processing , TMH McGraw Hill International 2007.

REFERENCES
1. E.C. Ifeachor and B.W. Jervis, Digital signal processing A practical approach , Second edition Pearson 2002.
2. S.K. Mitra , Digital Signal Processing : A Computer Based approach , Tata Mc GrawHill 1998.
3. P.P.Vaidyanathan, Multirate Systems & Filter Banks, Prentice Hall, Englewood cliffs NJ, 1993.
4. Johny R. Johnson, Introduction to Digital Signal Processing , PHI 2006.


EC2303, Computer Architecture and Organization

AIM
To discuss the basic structure of a digital computer and to study in detail the organization of the Control unit, the Arithmetic and Logical unit, the Memory unit and the I/O unit.
OBJECTIVES
To have a thorough understanding of the basic structure and operation of a digital computer.
To discuss in detail the operation of the arithmetic unit including the algorithms & implementation of fixed-point and floating-point addition, subtraction, multiplication & division.
To study in detail the different types of control and the concept of pipelining.
To study the hierarchical memory system including cache memories and virtual memory.
To study the different ways of communicating with I/O devices and standard I/O interfaces

Unit I - INTRODUCTION :
Computing and Computers, Evolution of Computers - VLSI Era, System Design- Register Level, - Processor Level, CPU Organization - Data Representation, Fixed Point Numbers, Floating Point Numbers - Instruction Formats, Instruction Types - Addressing modes.

Unit II - DATA PATH DESIGN :
Fixed Point Arithmetic, Addition, Subtraction, Multiplication and Division - Combinational and Sequential ALUs - Carry look ahead adder, Robertson algorithm - booths algorithm,non-restoring division algorithm - Floating Point Arithmetic - Coprocessor, Pipeline Processing, Pipeline Design - Modified booths Algorithm

Unit III - CONTROL DESIGN :
Hardwired Control, Microprogrammed Control - Multiplier Control Unit - CPU Control Unit,Pipeline Control - Instruction Pipelines, Pipeline Performance - Superscalar Processing - Nano Programming.

Unit IV - MEMORY ORGANIZATION :
Random Access Memories, Serial ,Access Memories - RAM Interfaces,Magnetic Surface Recording - Optical Memories, multilevel memories - Cache & Virtual Memory - Memory Allocation, Associative Memory.

Unit V - SYSTEM ORGANIZATION :
Communication methods, Buses - Bus Control, Bus Interfacing, - Bus arbitration, IO and system control - IO interface circuits - Handshaking, DMA and interrupts - vectored interrupts, PCI interrupts - pipeline interrupts, IOP organization - operation systems, multiprocessors - fault tolerance, RISC and CISC processors - Superscalar and vector processor.

TEXTBOOKS
1. John P.Hayes, Computer architecture and Organisation, Tata McGraw-Hill, Third edition, 1998.
2. V.Carl Hamacher, Zvonko G. Varanesic and Safat G. Zaky, -Computer Organisation, V edition, McGraw-Hill Inc, 1996.
REFERENCES
1. Morris Mano, Computer System Architecture, Prentice-Hall of India, 2000.
2. Paraami, Computer Architecture-, BEH R002, Oxford Press.
3. P.Pal Chaudhuri, , Computer organization and design, 2nd Ed., Prentice Hall of India, 2007.
4. G.Kane & J.Heinrich, MIPS RISC Architecture-, Englewood cliffs, New Jersey, Prentice Hall, 1992


EC2305, Transmission Lines and Waveguides

Aim
To lay a strong foundation on the theory of transmission lines and wave guides by highlighting their applications.

OBJECTIVES
*To become familiar with propagation of signals through lines
*Understand signal propagation at Radio frequencies
*Understand radio propagation in guided systems
*To become familiar with resonators


Unit I - FILTERS
The neper,the decibel - Characteristic impedance of Symmetrical Networks - Current and voltage ratios Propagation constant - Properties of Symmetrical Networks - Filter fundamentals - Pass and Stop bands. - Behaviour of the Characteristic impedance. - Constant K Filters - m-derived sections - Filter circuit design - Filter performance - Crystal Filters

Unit II - TRANSMISSION LINE PARAMETERS
A line of cascaded T sections - Transmission lines - General Solution - Physical Significance of the equations - The infinite line, wavelength, velocity, propagation - Distortion line, the telephone cable - Reflection on a line not terminated in Zo - Reflection Coefficient - Open and short circuited lines,Insertion loss

Unit III - THE LINE AT RADIO FREQUENCY
Parameters of open wire line and Coaxial cable at RF - Line constants for dissipation - voltages and currents on the dissipation less line - standing waves,nodes,standing wave ratio - Input impedance of open and short circuited lines - power and impedance measurement on lines,lambda/4 line - Impedance matching - single and double-stub matching - circle diagram - smith chart and its applications - Problem solving using Smith chart

Unit IV - GUIDED WAVES BETWEEN PARALLEL PLANES
Application of the restrictions to Maxwells equations - transmission of TM waves between Parallel plans - Transmission of TE waves between Parallel planes - Transmission of TEM waves between Parallel planes - Manner of wave travel Velocities of the waves - characteristic impedance,Attenuators

Unit V - WAVEGUIDES
Application of Maxwells equations to the rectangular waveguide - TM waves in Rectangular guide - TE waves in Rectangular waveguide - Cylindrical waveguides - The TEM wave in coaxial lines - Excitation of wave guides - Guide termination and resonant cavities

TEXT BOOK
1. John D.Ryder, "Networks, lines and fields", Prentice Hall of India, 2nd Edition, 2006.
REFERENCES
1.E.C.Jordan, K.G. Balmain: -E.M.Waves & Radiating Systems, Pearson Education,
2006.
2.Joseph Edminister, Schaums Series, Electromagnetics, TMH, 2007.
3.G S N Raju, Electromagnetic Field Theory and Transmission Lines, Pearson Education, 2006.


EC2304, Microprocessors and Microcontrollers

AIM
To learn the architecture, programming, interfacing and rudiments of system design
of microprocessors and microcontrollers.
OBJECTIVES
To introduce microprocessors and basics of system design using microprocessors.
To introduce h/w architecture, instruction set and programming of 8085 microprocessor.
To introduce the h/w architecture, instruction set and programming of 8086 microprocessor.
To introduce the peripheral interfacing of microprocessors.
To introduce through case studies, the system design principles using 8085 and 8086.
To introduce the h/w architecture, instruction set, programming and interfacing of 8051 microcontroller.

Unit I - INTRODUCTION TO 8 BIT AND 16 BIT MICROPROCESSORS H/W ARCHITECTURE
Introduction to microprocessor, computer and its organization - Programming system,Address bus, data bus and control bus - Tristate bus, clock generation, Connecting Microprocessor to I/O devices - Data transfer schemes, Architectural advancements of microprocessors. - Introductory System design using microprocessors, - 8086Hardware Architecture, External memory addressing, Bus cycles - some important Companion Chips, Maximum mode bus cycle - 8086 system configuration - Memory Interfacing - Minimum mode system configuration - Maximum mode system configuration - Interrupt processing - Direct memory access.

Unit II - 16 BIT MICROPROCESSOR INSTRUCTION SET AND ASSEMBLY LANGUAGE PROGRAMMING
Programmers model of 8086, operand types, operand addressing - assembler directives, instruction set - Data transfer group - Arithmetic group, logical group - control transfer group - miscellaneous instruction groups - Programming.

Unit III - MICROPROCESSOR PERIPHERAL INTERFACING
Introduction, Generation of I/O Ports - Programmable Peripheral Interface (PPIIntel 8255) - Sample-and-Hold Circuit and Multiplexer - Keyboard and Display Interface - Keyboard and Display Controller (8279) - Programmable Interval timers (Intel 8253,8254) - D-to-A converter, A-to-D converter - CRT Terminal Interface - Printer Interface.

Unit IV - 8 BIT MICROCONTROLLER- H/W ARCHITECTURE, INSTRUCTION SET AND PROGRAMMING
Introduction to 8051 Micro-controller - Architecture, Memory organization, - Special function registers, Port Operation - Memory Interfacing - I/O Interfacing, Programming 8051 resources - Interrupts, - Programmers model of 8051 - Operand types, Operand addressing, - Data transfer instructions - Arithmetic instructions, Logic instructions, - Control transfer instructions, Programming

Unit V - SYSTEM DESIGN USING MICRO PROCESSOR & MICROCONTROLLER
Case studies, Traffic light control - washing machine control, - RTC Interfacing using I2C Standard - Motor Control, Relay - PWM - DC & Stepper Motor.

TEXT BOOKS
1. Krishna Kant, MICROPROCESSORS AND MICROCONTROLLERS Architecture,
programming and system design using 8085, 8086, 8051 and 8096. PHI 2007.
2. Douglas V Hall, MICROPROCESSORS AND INTERFACING, PROGRAMMING
AND HARDWARE TMH, 2006.

REFERENCES
1. Muhammad Ali Mazidi, Janice Gillispie Mazidi, Rolin D.MCKinlay The 8051
Microcontroller and Embedded Systems, Second Edition, Pearson Education 2008.
2. Kenneth J. Ayala, The 8086 Microprocessor: Programming & Interfacing The PC,
Delmar Publishers, 2007.
3. A K Ray, K M Bhurchandi, Advanced Microprocessors and Peripherals, TMH, 2007.


EC2306, Digital Signal Processing Lab

OBJECTIVES:
The student should be made to:
To implement Linear and Circular Convolution
To implement FIR and IIR filters
To study the architecture of DSP processor
To demonstrate Finite word length effect

Unit I - MATLAB / EQUIVALENT SOFTWARE PACKAGE
Generation of sequences (functional & random) & correlation - Linear and Circular Convolutions - Spectrum Analysis using DFT - FIR filter design - IIR filter design - Multirate Filters - Equalization - DSP PROCESSOR BASED IMPLEMENTATION: - Study of architecture of Digital Signal Processor - MAC operation using various addressing modes - Linear Convolution - Circular Convolution - FFT Implementation - Waveform generation - IIR and FIR Implementation - Finite Word Length Effect

Books information not available


EC2307, Communication Systems Lab

Subject Introduction / Notes not available

Unit I - 1.Amplitude modulation and Demodulation
2. Frequency Modulation and Demodulation - 3. Pulse Modulation PAM / PWM / PPM - 4. Pulse Code Modulation - 5. Delta Modulation, Adaptive Delta Modulation. - 6. Digital Modulation & Demodulation ASK, PSK, QPSK, FSK (Hardware & MATLAB) - 7. Designing, Assembling and Testing of Pre-Emphasis / De-emphasis Circuits. - 8. PLL and Frequency Synthesizer - 9. Line Coding - 10. Error Control Coding using MATLAB. - 11. Sampling & Time Division Multiplexing. - 12. Frequency Division Multiplexing,

Books information not available


EC2308, Microprocessors and Microcontrollers Lab

Subject Introduction / Notes not available

Unit I - Programs(Using 8086)
Programs for 16 bit Arithmetic operations (Using 8086). - Programs for Sorting and Searching (Using 8086). - Programs for String manipulation operations (Using 8086). - Programs for Digital clock and Stop watch (Using 8086). - Interfacing ADC and DAC. - Parallel Communication between two MP Kits using Mode 1 and Mode 2 of 8255. - Interfacing and Programming 8279, 8259, and 8253. - Serial Communication between two MP Kits using 8251. - Interfacing and Programming of Stepper Motor and DC Motor Speed control. - Programming using Arithmetic, Logical and Bit Manipulation instructions of 8051 microcontroller. - Programming and verifying Timer, Interrupts and UART operations in 8051 microcontroller. - Communication between 8051 Microcontroller kit and PC.

Books information not available


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2011 ECE VII SEM-B.E CURRICULUM AND SYLLABUS

Curriculum and Syllabus: B.E.2011 ECE, AUC 2011
Semester: 07

EC2030, Advanced Digital Signal Processing

AIM
To introduce the student to advanced digital signal processing techniques.

OBJECTIVES
To study the parametric methods for power spectrum estimation.
To study adaptive filtering techniques using LMS algorithm and to study the applications of adaptive filtering.
To introduce the student to wavelet transforms.


Unit I - DISCRETE RANDOM PROCESS
Discrete random process ,Ensemble averages, Stationary and ergodic processes - Autocorrelation and Autocovariance properties and matrices - White noise, Power Spectral Density, Spectral Factorization - Innovations Representation and Process - Filtering random processes, ARMA, AR and MA processes.

Unit II - SPECTRAL ESTIMATION
Bias and Consistency, Periodogram, Modified periodogram - Blackman,Tukey method,Welch method. - Parametric methods of spectral estimation, Levinson,Durbin recursion.

Unit III - LINEAR ESTIMATION AND PREDICTION
Forward and Backward linear prediction - Filtering ,FIR Wiener filter, Filtering and linear prediction - non,causal and causal IIR Wiener filters, Discrete Kalman filter.

Unit IV - ADAPTIVE FILTERS
Principles of adaptive filter , FIR adaptive filter - Newton?s Steepest descent algorithm ,Derivation of first order adaptive filter - LMS adaptation algorithms ,Adaptive noise - cancellation, Adaptive equalizer, Adaptive echo cancellors.

Unit V - ADVANCED TRANSFORM TECHNIQUES
2,D Discrete Fourier transform and properties - Applications to image smoothing and sharpening - Continuous and Discrete wavelet transforms - Multiresolution Analysis ,Application to signal compression.

TEXT BOOKS
1. Monson H Hayes,Statistical Digital Signal processing and Modeling, Wiley
Student Edition, John Wiley and Sons, 2004.
2. R.C. Gonzalez and R.E. Woods, Digital Image Processing, Pearson, Second
Edition, 2004.

REFERENCES
1. John G Proakis and Manolakis, Digital Signal Processing Principles, Algorithms and
Applications, Pearson, Fourth Edition, 2007.
2. Sophocles J. Orfanidis, Optimum Signal Processing, An Introduction, McGraw Hill,
1990.

 


GE2022, Total Quality Management

Subject Introduction / Notes not available

Unit I - INTRODUCTION
Introduction , Need for quality , Evolution of quality - Definition of quality , Dimensions of manufacturing and service quality - Basic concepts of TQM , Definition of TQM TQM - Framework , Contributions of Deming, Juran and Crosby ,Barriers to TQM.

Unit II - TQM PRINCIPLES
Leadership , Strategic quality planning, Quality statements - Customer focus Customer orientation, Customer satisfaction, Customer complaints, - Customer retention Employee involvement ,Motivation, Empowerment - Team and Teamwork, Recognition and Reward - Performance appraisal Continuous process improvement ,PDSA cycle - 5s, Kaizen ,Supplier partnership , Partnering, Supplier selection, Supplier Rating.

Unit III - TQM TOOLS & TECHNIQUES I
The seven traditional tools of quality ,New management tools - Six,sigma: Concepts,methodology - applications to manufacturing, service sector including IT - Bench marking, Reason to bench mark, Bench marking process - FMEA ,Stages, Types.

Unit IV - TQM TOOLS & TECHNIQUES II
Quality circles , Quality Function Deployment (QFD) - Taguchi quality loss function ,TPM - Concepts, improvement needs ,Cost of Quality ,Performance measures.

Unit V - QUALITY SYSTEMS
Need for ISO 9000, ISO 9000,2000 Quality System - Elements, Documentation, Quality auditing, QS 9000 ,ISO 14000 - Concepts, Requirements and Benefits - Case studies of TQM implementation in manufacturing and service sectors including IT.

TEXT BOOK
1.Dale H.Besterfiled, et at., Total Quality Management, Pearson Education Asia, 3rd Edition, Indian Reprint (2006).

REFERENCES
1. James R. Evans and William M. Lindsay,The Management and Control of Quality,6th Edition, South,Western (Thomson Learning), 2005.
2. Oakland, J.S., TQM , Text with Cases, Butterworth , Heinemann Ltd., Oxford, 3rd Edition, 2003.
3. Suganthi,L and Anand Samuel, Total Quality Management, Prentice Hall (India) Pvt. Ltd.,2006.
4.Janakiraman, B and Gopal, R.K, Total Quality Management , Text and Cases,Prentice Hall (India) Pvt. Ltd., 2006.


EC2035, Cryptography and Network Security

AIM
To understand the principles of encryption algorithms; conventional and public key
cryptography.
To have a detailed knowledge about authentication, hash functions and
application level security mechanisms.

OBJECTIVES
To know the methods of conventional encryption.
To understand the concepts of public key encryption and number theory
To understand authentication and Hash functions.
To know the network security tools and applications.
To understand the system level security used.

Unit I - INTRODUCTION
OSI Security Architecture , Classical Encryption techniques - Cipher Principles Data Encryption Standard - Block Cipher Design Principles and Modes of Operation - Evaluation criteria for AES ,AES Cipher - Triple DES Placement of Encryption Function ,Traffic Confidentiality

Unit II - PUBLIC KEY CRYPTOGRAPHY
Key Management , Diffie,Hellman key Exchange ,Elliptic Curve Architecture - Cryptography , Introduction to Number Theory ,Confidentiality using Symmetric - Encryption Public Key Cryptography and RSA.

Unit III - AUTHENTICATION AND HASH FUNCTION
Authentication requirements , Authentication functions - Message Authentication Codes, Hash Functions ,Security of Hash Functions and MACs - MD5 message Digest algorithm ,Secure Hash Algorithm - RIPEMD ,HMAC Digital Signatures - Authentication Protocols ,Digital Signature Standard

Unit IV - NETWORK SECURITY
Authentication Applications: Kerberos ' X.509 Authentication Service - Electronic Mail Security,PGP,S/MIME,IP Security,Web Security.

Unit V - SYSTEM LEVEL SECURITY
Intrusion detection , password management - Viruses and related Threats - Virus Counter measures Firewall Design Principles - Trusted Systems.

TEXT BOOKS
1. William Stallings, Cryptography And Network Security ?,Principles and Practice,Pearson Education, Third Edition, 2003.
2. Behrouz A. Foruzan, Cryptography and Network Security, Tata McGraw,Hill, 2007



REFERENCES
1. Bruce Schneier, Applied Cryptography, John Wiley & Sons Inc, 2001.
2. Charles B. Pfleeger, Shari Lawrence Pfleeger, Security in Computing, Third Edition,Pearson Education, 2003
3. Wade Trappe and Lawrence C. Washington , Introduction to Cryptography with coding theory , Pearson Education, 2007.
4. Wenbo Mao, Modern Cryptography Theory and Practice , Pearson Education,2007
5. Thomas Calabrese, Information Security Intelligence : Cryptographic Principles and Applications, Thomson Delmar Learning,2006.
6. Atul Kahate, Cryptography and Network Security, Tata McGraw,Hill, 2003.


EC2036, Information Theory

AIM
To introduce the fundamental concepts of information theory.

OBJECTIVES
To have a complete understanding of error?control coding.
To understand encoding and decoding of digital data streams.
To introduce methods for the generation of these codes and their decoding techniques.
To have a detailed knowledge of compression and decompression techniques.
To introduce the concepts of multimedia communication.

Unit I - QUANTITATIVE STUDY OF INFORMATION
Basic inequalities, Entropy, Kullback,Leibler distance, Mutual information, - Bounds on entropy, Fisher information , Cramer Rao inequality - Second law of thermodynamics ,Sufficient statistic , Entropy rates of a Stochastic process

Unit II - CAPACITY OF NOISELESS CHANNEL
Fundamental theorem for a noiseless channel ,Data compression - Kraft inequality ,Shannon,Fano codes , Huffman codes - Asymptotic equipartition ,Rate distortion theory

Unit III - CHANNEL CAPACITY
Properties of channel capacity , Jointly typical sequences - Channel Coding Theorem - onverse to channel coding theorem, Joint source channel coding theorem

Unit IV - DIFFERENTIAL ENTROPY AND GAUSSIAN CHANNEL
AEP for continuous random variables, relationship between continuous and discrete entropy - properties of differential entropy, Gaussian channel definitions - converse to coding theorem for Gaussian channel, channels with colored noise, - Gaussian channels with feedback .

Unit V - NETWORK INFORMATION THEORY
Gaussian multiple user channels , Multiple access channel - Encoding of correlated sources , Broadcast channel - Relay channel , Source coding and rate distortion with side information - General multi,terminal networks.

TEXT BOOK
1.Elements of Information theory , Thomas Cover, Joy Thomas : Wiley 1999

REFERENCE
1. Information theory, inference & learning algorithms ,David Mackay


GE2071, Intellectual Property Rights

Subject Introduction / Notes not available

Unit I - Introduction , Invention and Creativity
Intellectual Property (IP) ,Importance - Protection of IPR ,Basic types of property i. Movable Property - ii. Immovable Property - iii. Intellectual Property).

Unit II - IP ,Patents ,Copyrights and related rights
Trade Marks and rights arising from Trademark registration - Definitions , Industrial Designs and Integrated circuits - Protection of Geographical Indications at national and International levels - Application Procedures.

Unit III - International convention relating to Intellectual Property
Establishment of WIPO ,Mission and Activities - History , General Agreement on Trade and Tariff (GATT).

Unit IV - Indian Position Vs WTO and Strategies , Indian IPR legislations
commitments to WTO,Patent Ordinance and the Bill - Draft of a national Intellectual Property Policy - Present against unfair competition.

Unit V - Case Studies on ,Patents (Basumati rice, turmeric, Neem, etc.)
Copyright and related rights ,Trade Marks - Industrial design and Integrated circuits - Geographic indications, Protection against unfair competition.

TEXT BOOK
1. Subbaram N.R. Handbook of Indian Patent Law and Practice, S. Viswanathan (Printers and Publishers) Pvt. Ltd., 1998.

REFERENCES
1. Eli Whitney, United States Patent Number : 72X, Cotton Gin, March 14, 1794.
2. Intellectual Property Today : Volume 8, No. 5, May 2001, [www.iptoday.com].
3. Using the Internet for non,patent prior art searches, Derwent IP Matters, July 2000.
www.ipmatters.net/features/000707 gibbs.html.


GE2025, Professional Ethics in Engineering

Subject Introduction / Notes not available

Unit I - ENGINEERING ETHICS
Senses of Engineering Ethics, Variety of moral issues - Types of inquiry ,Moral dilemmas , Moral Autonomy - Kohlbergs theory ,Gilligans theory ,Consensus and Controversy - Professions and Professionalism , Professional Ideals and Virtues - Uses of Ethical Theories

Unit II - ENGINEERING AS SOCIAL EXPERIMENTATION
Engineering as Experimentation , Engineers as responsible Experimenters - Research Ethics , Codes of Ethics , Industrial Standards - A Balanced Outlook on Law ,The Challenger Case Study

Unit III - ENGINEER?S RESPONSIBILITY FOR SAFETY
Safety and Risk ,Assessment of Safety and Risk , Risk Benefit Analysis - Reducing Risk ,The Government Regulators Approach to Risk - Chernobyl Case Studies and Bhopal

Unit IV - RESPONSIBILITIES AND RIGHTS
Collegiality and Loyalty ,Respect for Authority ,Collective Bargaining - Confidentiality ,Conflicts of Interest ,Occupational Crime - Professional Rights ,Employee Rights - Intellectual Property Rights (IPR) ,Discrimination.

Unit V - GLOBAL ISSUES
Multinational Corporations ,Business Ethics , Environmental Ethics - Computer Ethics ,Role in Technological Development - Weapons Development ,Engineers as Managers - Consulting Engineers ,Engineers as Expert Witnesses and Advisors - Honesty,Moral Leadership ,Sample Code of Conduct.

TEXT BOOKS
1. Mike Martin and Roland Schinzinger, Ethics in Engineering, McGraw Hill, New York,2005.
2. Charles E Harris, Michael S Pritchard and Michael J Rabins, Engineering Ethics -Concepts and Cases, Thompson Learning, 2000.
REFERENCES
1. Charles D Fleddermann, Engineering Ethics, Prentice Hall, New Mexico, 1999.
2. John R Boatright, Ethics and the Conduct of Business- Pearson Education, 2003
3. Edmund G Seebauer and Robert L Barry, Fundamentals of Ethics for Scientists and Engineers, Oxford University Press, 2001.
4. Prof. (Col) P S Bajaj and Dr. Raj Agrawal,-Business Ethics An Indian Perspective, Biztantra, New Delhi, 2004.
5. David Ermann and Michele S Shauf, Computers, Ethics and Society, Oxford University Press, (2003)


EC2027, Advanced Microprocessors

AIM
To learn the architecture and programming of advanced microprocessors.
OBJECTIVES
To introduce the concepts of advanced microprocessors.
To introduce the programming techniques using MASM, DOS and BIOS function calls.
To introduce the basic architecture of Pentium family of processors.
To introduce the architecture programming and interfacing of advanced microprocessors.
To introduce the concepts and architecture of RISC processor.

Unit I - 80186, 80286, 80386 AND 80486 MICROPROCESSORS
80186 Architecture, Enhancements of 80186 - 80286 Architecture ,Real and Virtual Addressing Modes - 80386 Architecture , Special Registers ,Memory Management - Memory Paging Mechanism ,80486 Architecture ,Enhancements - Cache Memory Techniques Exception Handling - Comparison of Microprocessors (8086 , 80186,80286 ,80386 , 80486).

Unit II - PENTIUM MICROPROCESSORS
Pentium Microprocessor Architecture , Special Pentium Registers - Pentium Memory Management ,New Pentium Instructions - Pentium Pro Microprocessor Architecture,Zpecial features - Pentium II Microprocessor Architecture , Pentium III Microprocessor - Architecture , Pentium III Architecture , Pentium IV Architecture - Comparison of Pentium Processors.

Unit III - RISC PROCESSORS I
PowerPC620 , Instruction fetching ,Branch Prediction - Fetching ,Speculation,Instruction dispatching ,dispatch stalls - Instruction Execution ,Issue stall, Execution Parallelism - Instruction completion ,Basics of P6 micro architecture - Pipelining , ourof, order core pipeline ,Memory subsystem.

Unit IV - RISC PROCESSORS II(SUPERSCALAR PROCESSORS)
Intel i960 ,Intel IA32, MIPS R8000 , MIPS R10000 - Motorola 88110 ,Ultra SPARC processor - SPARC version 8 ,SPARC version 9.

Unit V - PC HARDWARE OVERVIEW
Functional Units & Interconnection, New Generation Mother Boards 286 to Pentium 4 - Bus Interface,ISA,EISA,VESA - PCI, PCIX. Peripheral Interfaces and Controller - Memory and I/O Port Addresses.

TEXT BOOKS
1. B.B.Brey The Intel Microprocessor 8086/8088 /80186/80188, 80286, 80386, 80486 PENTIUM, PENTIUM Pro, PII, PIII & IV Archietecture, Programming & Interfacing,Pearson Education , 2004.
2.John Paul Shen, Mikko H.Lipasti, Modern Processor Design, Tata Mcgraw Hill,2006.

REFERENCES
1. Douglas V.Hall, Microprocessors and Interfacing, Tata McGraw Hill, II Edition 2006
2. Mohamed Rafiquzzaman, Microprocessors and Microcomputer Based System Design, II Edition, CRC Press, 2007.


EC2028, Internet and Java

AIM
To learn the basics of Internetworking, Routing, World Wide Web, Java Programming with simple case studies.

OBJECTIVES
To learn Internetworking with TCP/IP.
To learn routing for high speed multimedia traffic
To learn the fundamentals in WWW, HTML and XML.
To learn Java for Networking application
To understand the basic concepts in E,com, Network operating system and Web design.


Unit I - INTERNETWORKING WITH TCP / IP
Review of network technologies, Internet addressing, Address resolution protocols (ARP/ RARP) - Routing IP datagrams, Reliable stream transport service (TCP) TCP / IP over - ATM networks, Internet applications. - E,mail, Telnet, FTP, NFS, Internet traffic management.

Unit II - INTERNET ROUTING
Concepts of graph theory, Routing protocols - Distance vector protocols (RIP), Link state protocol (OSPP) - Path vector protocols (BGP and IDRP), Routing for high speed multimedia traffic - Multicasting, Resource reservation (RSVP), IP switching.

Unit III - WORLD WIDE WEB
HTTP protocol, Web browsers netscape - Internet explorer, Web site and Web page design - HTML, Dynamic HTML, CGI, Java script.

Unit IV - INTRODUCTION TO JAVA
The java programming environment, Fundamental Programming structures - Objects and Classes, Inheritance, Event handling - Exceptions and Debugging, Multithreading , RMI. - [UNIT ] - JAVA PROGRAMMING - Networking with Java, Swing: Applets and Applications - Menu?s & Tool Bars, Java and XML - Creating packages, Interfaces - JAR files & Annotations, Javabeans, JDBC.

TEXT BOOKS
1. Douglas E.Comer, Internetworking with TCP/IP, Vol. I: 5th edition, Pearson Education, 2007 (Unit , I &II)
2. Robert W.Sebesta, Programming the worldwide web, 3/e, Pearson Education.(Unit,III), 2007.
3. Steven Holzner et. al, Java 2 Programming , Black Book, Dreamtech Press, 2006.(Unit IV & V)

REFERENCES
1. Cay S.Hortsmann, Gary Cornwell, Core Java 2, Vol I, Pearson Education, 7/e,2005.
2. W. Richard Stevens, TCP/IP Illustrated, The Protocol , Vol I , Pearson Education,1st Edition, 2006.
3. Behrouz A. Farouzon ,TCP/IP Protocol Suite, 3rd edition , Tata McGraw Hill, 2007
4. Chris Bates, Web Programming Building Internet Applications, Wiley Publications.
5. Kogent Solutions Inc., Java Server Programming, Black Book, Dreamtech Press,2007 Platinum edition.


CS2060, High Speed Networks

AIM
To highlight the features of different technologies involved in High Speed Networking
and their performance.

OBJECTIVES
1.Students will get an introduction about ATM and Frame relay.
2.Students will be provided with an up,to,date survey of developments in High Speed Networks.
3.Enable the students to know techniques involved to support real,time traffic and congestion control.
4.Students will be provided with different levels of quality of service (Q.S) to different applications.

Unit I - HIGH SPEED NETWORKS
Frame Relay Networks , Asynchronous transfer mode - ATM Protocol Architecture - ATM logical Connection, ATM Cell ,ATM Service Categories ,AAL - High Speed LANs:Fast Ethernet, Gigabit Ethernet, Fiber Channel - Wireless LANs: applications,requirements , Architecture of 802.11

Unit II - CONGESTION AND TRAFFIC MANAGEMENT
Queuing Analysis, Queuing Models , Single Server Queues - Effects of Congestion ,Congestion Control ,Traffic Management - Congestion Control in Packet Switching Networks, Frame Relay Congestion Control.

Unit III - TCP AND ATM CONGESTION CONTROL
TCP Flow control ,TCP Congestion Control, Retransmission - Timer Management,Exponential RTO backoff KARN?s Algorithm - Window management ,Performance of TCP over ATM - Traffic and Congestion control in ATM Requirements - Attributes ,Traffic Management Frame work, Traffic Control - ABR traffic Management ,ABR rate control - RM cell formats, ABR Capacity allocations ,GFR traffic management.

Unit IV - INTEGRATED AND DIFFERENTIATED SERVICES
Integrated Services Architecture , Approach - Components, Services, Queuing - Discipline, FQ, PS, BRFQ, GPS, WFQ - Random Early Detection, Differentiated Services

Unit V - PROTOCOLS FOR QOS SUPPORT
RSVP , Goals & Characteristics, Data Flow, RSVP operations - Protocol Mechanisms ,Multiprotocol Label Switching - Operations, Label Stacking, Protocol details - RTP ,Protocol Architecture, Data Transfer Protocol, RTCP.

TEXT BOOK
1. William Stallings, HIGH SPEED NETWORKS AND INTERNET, Pearson Education, Second Edition, 2002.

REFERENCES
1. Warland, Pravin Varaiya, High performance communication networks, Second Edition , Jean Harcourt Asia Pvt. Ltd., , 2001.
2. Irvan Pepelnjk, Jim Guichard, Jeff Apcar,MPLS and VPN architecture, Cisco Press, Volume 1 and 2, 2003.
3. Abhijit S. Pandya, Ercan Sea, ATM Technology for Broad Band Telecommunication Networks, CRC Press, New York, 2004.


CS2053, Soft Computing

Subject Introduction / Notes not available

Unit I - [unit ]
FUZZY SET THEORY - Introduction to Neuro ,Fuzzy and Soft Computing , - Fuzzy Sets ? Basic Definition and Terminology - Set,theoretic Operations ,Member Function Formulation and Parameterization - Fuzzy Rules and Fuzzy Reasoning , Extension Principle and Fuzzy Relations - Fuzzy If,Then Rules ,Fuzzy Reasoning , Fuzzy Inference Systems, - Mamdani Fuzzy Models ,Sugeno Fuzzy Models, - Tsukamoto Fuzzy Models ,Input Space Partitioning and Fuzzy Modeling.

Unit II - OPTIMIZATION
Derivative,based Optimization , Descent Methods - The Method of Steepest Descent ,Classical Newton?s Method - Step Size Determination ,Derivative,free Optimization - Genetic Algorithms ,Simulated Annealing ,Random Search , Downhill Simplex Search.

Unit III - ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE
Introduction, Knowledge Representation , Reasoning, - Issues and Acquisition:Prepositional - Predicate Calculus Rule Based knowledge Representation Symbolic Reasoning Under Uncertainity Basic knowledge Representation - Issues Knowledge acquisition - Heuristic Search: Techniques for Heuristic search Heuristic Classification - State Space Search: Strategies Implementation of Graph Search Search based on Recursion Patent - directed Search Production System and Learning.

Unit IV - NEURO FUZZY MODELING
Adaptive Neuro,Fuzzy Inference Systems ,Architecture - Hybrid Learning Algorithm,Learning Methods that Cross,fertilize ANFIS and RBFN - Coactive Neuro Fuzzy,Modeling - Framework Neuron Functions for Adaptive Networks - Neuro Fuzzy Spectrum.

Unit V - APPLICATIONS OF COMPUTATIONAL INTELLIGENCE
Printed Character Recognition ,Inverse Kinematics Problems - Automobile Fuel Efficiency Prediction - Soft Computing for Color Recipe Prediction.

TEXT BOOKS
1. J.S.R.Jang, C.T.Sun and E.Mizutani, Neuro,Fuzzy and Soft Computing, PHI, 2004, Pearson Education 2004.
2. N.P.Padhy, Artificial Intelligence and Intelligent Systems, Oxford University Press,2006.


REFERENCES
1. Elaine Rich & Kevin Knight, Artificial Intelligence, Second Edition, Tata Mcgraw Hill Publishing Comp., 2006, New Delhi.
2. Timothy J.Ross, Fuzzy Logic with Engineering Applications, McGraw,Hill, 1997.
3. Davis E.Goldberg, Genetic Algorithms: Search, Optimization and Machine Learning, Addison Wesley, N.Y., 1989.
4. S. Rajasekaran and G.A.V.Pai,Neural Networks, Fuzzy Logic and Genetic Algorithms, PHI, 2003.
5. R.Eberhart, P.Simpson and R.Dobbins, Computational Intelligence , PC Tools, AP Professional, Boston, 1996.
6. Amit Konar, Artificial Intelligence and Soft Computing Behaviour and Cognitive model of the human brain, CRC Press, 2008.


EC2037, Multimedia Compression and Communication

Subject Introduction / Notes not available

Unit I - MULTIMEDIA COMPONENTS
Introduction, Multimedia skills - Multimedia components and their chacracteristics - Text - sound - Images - Graphics - Animation - Video - Hardware.

Unit II - AUDIO AND VIDEO COMPRESSION
Audio compression - DPCM - Adaptive PCM - adaptive predictive coding - Linear Predictive coding - Code excited LPC, - Perpetual coding - Video compression principles - H.261 - H.263 - MPEG 1, 2, 4.

Unit III - TEXT AND IMAGE COMPRESSION
Compression principles - Source encoders and Destination encoders - lossless and lossy compression - Entropy encoding - Source encoding - Text compression - Static Huffman coding - Dynamic coding arithmetic coding - Lempel ziv welsh Compression - Image compression

Unit IV - OIP TECHNOLOGY
Basics of IP transport - VoIP challenges - H.323 - Network Architecture, Protocols,Call establishment and release - SIP - Network Architecture, Protocols,Call establishment and release - VoIP and SS7 - Quality of Service - CODEC Methods - VOIP applicability

Unit V - MULTIMEDIA NETWORKING
Multimedia networking - Applications - Streamed stored audio - Making the best Effort service - Protocols for real time interactive Applications - Distributing multimedia - Beyond best effort service - Secluding and policing Mechanisms - Integrated services - Differentiated Services - RSVP

TEXT BOOKS
1. Fred Halshall,Multimedia communication applications, networks, protocols and
standards, Pearson education, 2007.
2. Tay Vaughan, Multideai: making it work, 7/e, TMH 2007
3. Kurose and W.Ross, Computer Networking a Top down approach, Pearson education.

REFERENCES
1. Marcus goncalves Voice over IP Networks, Mcgaraw hill
2. KR. Rao,Z S Bojkovic, D A Milovanovic, Multimedia Communication Systems:Techniques, Standards, and Networks, Pearson Education 2007
3. R. Steimnetz, K. Nahrstedt,Multimedia Computing, Communications and Applications, Pearson Education
4. Ranjan Parekh, Principles of Multimedia, TMH 2006


EC2039, Parallel and Distributed Processing

AIM
To learn the concepts of parallel processing and distributed computing bringing out the
differences among various architectures and systems.

OBJECTIVES
To introduce parallel processing and parallel architectures
To introduce the concepts of shared memory based and thread based implementations.
To learn the two modes of distributed computing using message passing and remote procedure calls.
To learn introductory techniques of parallel debugging, and be introduced to other parallel paradigms.
To introduce basic concepts of distributed data bases and distributed operating systems.

Unit I - INTRODUCTION TO PARALLEL PROCESSING AND PARALLEL ARCHITECTURES
Need and definition of parallel processing, shared memory multiprocessing - Distributed memory, using parallelism - Tools and languages, Parallelism in sequential machines - Multiprocessor architecture, Pipelining, Array processors.

Unit II - SHARED MEMORY PROGRAMMING AND THREAD BASED IMPLEMENTATION
Shared Memory Programming and its general model, Process model under UNIX - Thread management, Example with threads, Attributes of Threads - Mutual Exclusion with threads and Thread implementation.

Unit III - DISTRIBUTED COMPUTING ? MESSAGE PASSING AND RPC MODEL
Message,passing model, General model, programming model - PVM, Remote procedure calls (RPC), Parameter passing - JAVA Remote Method Invocation, Distributed computing environment(DCE) - Developing Applications in DCE.

Unit IV - DEBUGGING PARALLEL PROGRAMS AND OTHER PARALLELISM PARADIGMS
Debugging Techniques - Debugging Message passing parallel programs and shared memory parallel programs - Dataflow computing, systolic architectures - Functional and logic paradigms, distributed shared memory.

Unit V - DISTRIBUTED DATABASES AND DISTRIBUTED OPERATING SYSTEMS
Reasons for and objectives of distributed databases, issues and systems - Distribution options, concurrency control - DDBMS structure. Need for Distributed operating systems - network operating systems, distributed OS, Goals of DOS and Design issues.

TEXT BOOKS
1. M.Sasikumar, D.Shikhare and P. Ravi Prakash, Introduction to Parallel processing.PHI 2006.
2. Rajaraman, C. Siva Ram Murthy, Parallel computers: Architecture and programming, PHI 2006.

REFERENCES
1. Harry F. Jordan, Gita Alaghband, Fundamentals of parallel processing, PHI 2006.
2. Quinn, M.J., Designing Efficient Algorithms for Parallel Computers, McGraw ,Hill, 1995.
3. Culler, D.E., Parallel Computer Architecture, A Hardware ? Software approach, Harcourt Asia Pte. Ltd., 1999


EC2029, Digital Image Processing

AIM
To introduce the student to various image processing techniques.

OBJECTIVES
To study the image fundamentals and mathematical transforms necessary for image processing.
To study the image enhancement techniques
To study image restoration procedures.
To study the image compression procedures.
To study the image segmentation and representation techniques.

Unit I - DIGITAL IMAGE FUNDAMENTALS
Elements of digital image processing systems, Vidicon and Digital Camera working principles - Elements of visual perception, brightness, contrast, hue - saturation, mach band effect, Color image fundamentals - RGB, HSI models, Image sampling - Quantization, dither, Two,dimensional mathematical preliminaries - 2D transforms ? DFT, DCT, KLT, SVD.

Unit II - IMAGE ENHANCEMENT
Histogram equalization and specification techniques, Noise distributions - Spatial averaging, Directional Smoothing - Median, Geometric mean, Harmonic mean - Contraharmonic mean filters - Homomorphic filtering, Color image enhancement.

Unit III - IMAGE RESTORATION
Image Restoration , degradation model, Unconstrained restoration - Lagrange multiplier and Constrained restoration - Inverse filtering,removal of blur caused by uniform linear motion - Wiener filtering, Geometric transformations,spatial transformations.

Unit IV - MAGE SEGMENTATION
Edge detection, Edge linking via Hough transform - Thresholding ,Region based segmentation - Region growing ,Region splitting and Merging - Segmentation by morphological watersheds , basic concepts - Dam construction ,Watershed segmentation algorithm..

Unit V - IMAGE COMPRESSION
Need for data compression, Huffman, Run Length Encoding - Shift codes, Arithmetic coding, Vector Quantization - Transform coding, JPEG standard, MPEG.

TEXTBOOK
1. Rafael C. Gonzalez, Richard E. Woods, Digital Image Processing, Pearson,Second Edition, 2004.
2. Anil K. Jain, Fundamentals of Digital Image Processing, Pearson 2002.

REFERENCES
1. Kenneth R. Castleman, Digital Image Processing, Pearson, 2006.
2. Rafael C. Gonzalez, Richard E. Woods, Steven Eddins,Digital Image Processing using MATLAB, Pearson Education, Inc., 2004.
3. D,E. Dudgeon and RM. Mersereau, , Multidimensional Digital Signal Processing,Prentice Hall Professional Technical Reference, 1990.
4. William K. Pratt, , Digital Image Processing, John Wiley, New York, 2002
5. Milan Sonka et aI, IMAGE PROCESSING, ANALYSIS AND MACHINE VISION,Brookes/Cole, Vikas Publishing House, 2nd edition, 1999.


EC2031, Electromagnetic Interference and Compatibility

AIM
To understand different electromagnetic Interference problems occurring in Intersystem
and in inter system and their possible mitigation techniques in Electronic design

OBJECTIVES
To understand EMI Sources, EMI problems and their solution methods in PCB level / Subsystem and system level design.
To measure the emission. immunity level from different systems to couple with the prescribed EMC standards


Unit I - BASIC CONCEPTS
Definition of EMI and EMC with examples, Classification of EMI/EMC - CE, RE, CS, RS,Units of Parameters, Sources of EMI - EMI coupling modes ,CM and DM, ESD - Phenomena and effects, Transient phenomena and suppression.

Unit II - EMI MEASUREMENTS
Basic principles of RE, CE, RS and CS measurements - EMI measuring instruments,Antennas, LISN, Feed through capacitor - current probe, EMC analyzer and detection technique open area site - shielded anechoic chamber, TEM cell.

Unit III - EMC STANDARD AND REGULATIONS
National and Intentional standardizing organizations - FCC, CISPR, ANSI, DOD, IEC - CENEEC, FCC CE and RE standards - CISPR, CE and RE Standards, IEC/EN, CS - standards, Frequency assignment , spectrum conversation.

Unit IV - EMI CONTROL METHODS AND FIXES
Shielding, Grounding, Bonding, Filtering - EMI gasket, Isolation transformer, opto isolator.

Unit V - EMC DESIGN AND INTERCONNECTION TECHNIQUES
Cable routing and connection, Component selection and mounting - PCB design,Trace routing, Impedance control, decoupling - Zoning and grounding.

TEXT BOOKS
1. Prasad Kodali.V , Engineering Electromagnetic Compatibility , S.Chand&Co , New Delhi ,2000
2. Clayton R.Paul , Introduction to Electromagnetic compatibility , John Wiley & Sons ?1992

REFERENCES
1. Keiser , Principles of Electromagnetic Compatibility ,Artech House ,3rd Edition ,1994
2. Donwhite Consultant Incorporate ,Handbook of EMI / EMC, Vol I ? 1985


EC2033, Power Electronics

AIM
Application of Electronic knowledge in industry for rectification of polyphase supply voltage and for control of motor speed and for thermal heating.

OBJECTIVES
To study about power electronic circuits for voltage and current control and protection.
To learn the switching characteristics of transistors and SCRs. Series and parallel functions of SCRs, Programmable triggering methods of SCR.
To learn controlled rectification AC supplies.
To study of converters and inverters. To learn about motor control, charges, SMPS and UPS.


Unit I - POWER ELECTRONICS DEVICES
Characteristics of power devices , characteristics of SCR, diac, triac - SCS, GTO, PUJT, power transistors - power FETs ,LASCR - Two transistor model of SCR - Protection of thyristors against over voltage over current dv/dt and di/dt

Unit II - TRIGGERING TECHNIQUES
Turn on circuits for SCR , triggering with single pulse and train of pulses - Synchronizing with supply , triggering with microprocessor - forced commutation, different techniques - series and parallel operations of SCRs.

Unit III - CONTROLLED RECTIFIERS
Converters ,single phase , three phase - Half controlled and fully controlled rectifiers - Waveforms of load voltage and line current under constant load current - Effect of transformer leakage inductance , dual converter.

Unit IV - INVERTERS
Voltage and current source inverters, resonant - Series inverter, PWM inverter. AC and DC choppers - DC to DC converters , Buck, boost and buck , boost.

Unit V - INDUSTRIAL APPLICATIONS
DC motor drives ,Induction and synchronous motor drives - switched reluctance and brushless motor drives - Battery charger , SMPS - UPS , induction and dielectric heating.

TEXT BOOKS
1. Muhamed H.Rashid : Power Electronics Circuits, Devices and Applications, 3rd Edition. 2004 PHI.
2. M.D. Singh and K.B. Kanchandani, Power Electronics, 2nd Edition, TMH, 2007.

REFERENCES
1. Sen: Power Electronics, TMH, 1987.
2. Dubey: Thyristorised Power Controllers, Wiley Eastern 1986.
3. Vithayathil: Power Electronics ? Principles and Applications, McGraw,Hill, 1995.
4. Lander: Power Electronics, 3rd Edition, McGraw,Hill, 1994.
5. Jacob, Power Electronics, Thomson Learning, 2002.
6. V.R. Moorthy, Power Electronics, Oxford University Press, 2005.


EC2034, Television and Video Engineering

AIM
Television Technology has now become a vital tool to the information revolution that is sweeping across the countries of the world. The syllabus aims at a comprehensive coverage of Television Systems with all the new developments in Television Engineering

OBJECTIVES
To study the analysis and synthesis of TV Pictures, Composite Video Signal, Receiver Picture Tubes and Television Camera Tubes
To study the principles of Monochrome Television Transmitter and Receiver systems.
To study the various Color Television systems with a greater emphasis on PAL system.
To study the advanced topics in Television systems and Video Engineering


Unit I - FUNDAMENTALS OF TELEVISION
Aspect ratio, Image continuity, Number of scanning lines - Interlaced scanning, Picture resolution, Camera tubes - Image Orthicon, Vidicon, Plumbicon, Silicon Diode Array Vidicon - Solid state Image scanners, Monochrome picture tubes, - Composite video signal, video signal dimension, horizontal sync - Composition, vertical sync. Details functions of vertical pulse train - Scanning sequence details. Picture signal transmission positive and negative modulation - VSB transmission, Sound signal transmission, Standard channel bandwidth.

Unit II - MONOCHROME TELEVISION TRANSMITTER AND RECEIVER
TV transmitter, TV signal Propagation, Interference - TV Transmission Antennas, Monochrome TV receiver - RF tuner, UHF, VHF tuner, Digital tuning techniques, AFT, IF subsystems - AGC Noise cancellation, Video and Sound inter,carrier detection - Vision IF subsystem, DC re,insertion, Video amplifier circuits - Sync operation, typical sync processing circuits - Deflection current waveforms, Deflection oscillators - Frame deflection circuits, requirements - Line deflection circuits, EHT generation, Receiver antennas.

Unit III - ESSENTIALS OF COLOUR TELEVISION
Compatibility, Colour perception, Three colour theory - Luminance, Hue and saturation, Colour television cameras - Values of luminance and colour difference signals, Colour television display tubes - Delta, gun Precision, in, line and Trinitron colour picture tubes - Purity and convergence, Purity and static and Dynamic convergence adjustments - Pincushion, correction techniques, Automatic degaussing circuit - Gray scale tracking colour signal transmission - Bandwidth, Modulation of colour difference signals - Weighting factors, Formation of chrominance signal

Unit IV - COLOUR TELEVISION SYSTEMS
NTSC colour TV systems, SECAM system - PAL colour TV systems, Cancellation of phase errors - PAL,D Colour system, PAL coder, PAL - Decoder receiver,Chromo signal amplifier - separation of U and V signals, colour burst separation - Burst phase Discriminator, ACC amplifier, Reference Oscillator - Ident and colour killer circuits,U and V demodulators - Colour signal matrixing. Sound in TV

Unit V - ADVANCED TELEVISION SYSTEMS
Satellite TV technology,Geo Stationary Satellites - Satellite Electronics,Domestic Broadcast System - Cable TV,Cable Signal Sources,Cable Signal Processing - Distribution & Scrambling, Video Recording - VCR Electronics,Video Home Formats - Video Disc recording and playback,DVD Players - Tele Text Signal coding and broadcast receiver - Digital television,Transmission and reception - Projection television,Flat panel display TV receivers - LCD and Plasma screen receivers,3DTV,EDTV.

TEXTBOOK
1. R.R.Gulati, Monochrome Television Practice, Principles, Technology and servicing, Third Edition 2006, New Age International (P) Publishers.
2. R.R.Gulati, Monochrome & Color Television, New Age International Publisher, 2003.

REFERENCES
1. A.M Dhake, Television and Video Engineering, 2nd ed., TMH, 2003.
2. R.P.Bali, Color Television, Theory and Practice, Tata McGraw,Hill, 1994


EC2038, Nano Electronics

Subject Introduction / Notes not available

Unit I - INTRODUCTION TO NANOTECHNOLOGY
Background to nanotechnology: Types of nanotechnology and nanomachines - Periodic table ,atomic structure ,molecules and phases - energy ,molecular and atomic size,surface and dimensional space - top down and bottom up; Molecular Nanotechnology: Electron microscope - scanning electron microscope ,atomic force microscope - scanning tunnelling microscope , nanomanipulator - nanotweezers ,atom manipulation, nanodots - self assembly ,dip pen nanolithography - Nanomaterials: preparation,plasma arcing chemical vapor deposition - sol,gels, electrodeposition - ball milling,applications of nanomaterials;

Unit II - FUNDAMENTALS OF NANOELECTRONICS
Fundamentals of logic devices:, Requirements , dynamic properties - threshold gates; physical limits to computations; concepts of logic devices - classifications ,two terminal devices , field effect devices - coulomb blockade devices ,spintronics - quantum cellular automata, quantum computing - DNA computer; performance of information processing systems - basic binary operations, measure of performance processing capability of biological neurons - performance estimation for the human brain - Ultimate computation:, power dissipation limit dissipation in reversible computation, - the ultimate computer.

Unit III - SILICON MOSFETs & QUANTUM TRANSPORT DEVICES
Silicon MOSFETS , Novel materials and alternate concepts - fundamentals of MOSFET Devices, scaling rules - silicon,dioxide based gate dielectrics ,metal gates - junctions & contacts , advanced MOSFET concepts - Quantum transport devices based on resonant tunneling:, Electron tunneling - Resonant tunneling diodes , resonant tunneling devices - Single electron devices for logic applications - Single electron devices, applications of single electron devices to logic circuits

Unit IV - CARBON NANOTUBES
Carbon Nanotube: Fullerenes , types of nanotubes - formation of nanotubes ,assemblies ,purification of carbon nanotubes - electronic properties , synthesis of carbon nanotubes - carbon nanotube interconnects , carbon nanotube FETs - Nanotube for memory applications , prospects of an all carbon nanotube nanoelectronics.

Unit V - MOLECULAR ELECTRONICS
Electrodes & contacts , functions ,molecular electronic devices - first test systems ,simulation and circuit design, fabrication - Future applications: MEMS ,robots , random access memory , mass storage devices.

TEXTBOOKS
1. Michael Wilson, Kamali Kannangara, Geoff Smith, Michelle Simmons and Burkhard
2. Raguse, Nanotechnology: Basic Science and Emerging Technologies, Chapman & Hall / CRC, 2002
3. T. Pradeep, NANO: The Essentials , Understanding Nanoscience and Nanotechnology, TMH, 2007
4. Rainer Waser (Ed.), Nanoelectronics and Information Technology: Advanced Electronic Materials and Novel Devices, Wiley,VCH, 2003


EC2041, Avionics

Subject Introduction / Notes not available

Unit I - INTRODUCTION
Introduction to aircraft , Axes system , Parts - importance and role of Avionics ,systems which interface directly with pilot - Aircraft state sensor systems - Navigation systems ,External world sensor systems - ask automation systems. Avionics architecture evolution. - Avionics Data buses , MIL STD 1553, ARINC 429, ARINC 629.

Unit II - RADIO NAVIGATION
Types of Radio Navigation , ADF, DME, VOR - LORAN, DECCA, OMEGA. ILS, MLS.

Unit III - INERTIAL AND SATELLITE NAVIGATION SYSTEMS
Inertial sensors ,Gyroscopes, Accelerometers - Inertial navigation systems ,Block diagram - Platform and strap down INS. Satellite Navigation ,GPS.

Unit IV - AIR DATA SYSTEMS AND AUTOPILOT
Air data quantities, Altitude, Airspeed, Mach no. - Vertical speed, Total Air temperature, - Stall warning, Altitude warning. - Autopilot, basic principles, - longitudinal and lateral autopilot.

Unit V - AIRCRAFT DISPLAYS
Display technologies , LED, LCD, CRT, Flat Panel Display - Primary Flight parameter displays , Head Up Display - Helmet Mounted Display, Night vision goggles - Head Down Display, MFD, MFK, Virtual cockpit

TEXT BOOKS

1. Albert Helfrick. D, Principles of Avionics, Avionics communications Inc., 2004
2. Collinson, R.P.G, Introduction to Avionics, Chapman and Hall, 1996.

REFERENCES

1. Middleton, D.H, Avionics Systems, Longman Scientific and Technical, Longman Group UK Ltd, England, 1989.
2. Spitzer, C.R. Digital Avionics Systems, Prentice Hall, Englewood Cliffs, N.J., USA 1993.
3. Spitzer, C.R, The Avionics Handbook, CRC Press, 2000.
4. Pallet, E.H.J,?Aircraft Instruments and Integrated Systems, Longman Scientific.


ELECTIVE-II,

ELECTIVE-IV,

EC2401, Wireless Communication

AIM
To introduce the concepts of wireless / mobile communication using cellular environment. To make the students to know about the various modulation techniques, propagation methods, coding and multi access techniques used in the mobile communication. Various wireless network systems and standards are to be introduced.
OBJECTIVES
It deals with the fundamental cellular radio concepts such as frequency reuse and handoff. This also demonstrates the principle of trunking efficiency and how trunking and interference issues between mobile and base stations combine to affect the
overall capacity of cellular systems.
It presents different ways to radio propagation models and predict the large scale effects of radio propagation in many operating environment. This also covers small propagation effects such as fading, time delay spread and Doppler spread and describes how to measures and model the impact that signal bandwidth and motion have on the instantaneous received signal through the multi-path channel.
It provides idea about analog and digital modulation techniques used in wireless communication.
It also deals with the different types of equalization techniques and diversity concepts.. It provides an introduction to speech coding principles which have driven the development of adaptive pulse code modulation and linear predictive coding techniques.
It deals with advanced transceiver schemes and second generation and third generation wireless networks.


Unit I - SERVICES AND TECHNICAL CHALLENGES
Types of Services, Requirements for the services - Multipath propagation, Spectrum Limitations - Noise and Interference limited systems - Principles of Cellular networks - Multiple Access Schemes.

Unit II - WIRELESS PROPAGATION CHANNELS
Propagation Mechanisms (Qualitative treatment) - Propagation effects with mobile radio - Channel Classification, Link calculations - Narrowband and Wideband models.

Unit III - WIRELESS TRANSCEIVERS
Structure of a wireless communication link, Modulation and demodulation - Quadrature Phase Shift Keying - Pi/4-Differential Quadrature Phase Shift Keying, - Offset-Quadrature Phase Shift Keying - Binary Frequency Shift Keying - Minimum Shift Keying - Gaussian Minimum Shift Keying - Power spectrum and Error performance in fading channels.

Unit IV - SIGNAL PROCESSING IN WIRELESS SYSTEMS
Principle of Diversity - Macrodiversity - Microdiversity - Signal Combining Techniques - Transmit diversity - Equalisers- Linear and Decision Feedback equalisers - Review of Channel coding and Speech coding techniques.

Unit V - ADVANCED TRANSCEIVER SCHEMES
Spread Spectrum Systems- Cellular Code Division Multiple Access Systems - Principle, Power control, Effects of multipath propagation on Code Division Multiple Access - Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing Principle - Cyclic Prefix, Transceiver implementation - Second Generation(GSM, IS95) and Third Generation Wireless - Networks and Standards

TEXT BOOKS
1. Andreas.F. Molisch, Wireless Communications , John Wiley India, 2006.
2. Simon Haykin & Michael Moher, Modern Wireless Communications, Pearson
Education, 2007.
REFERENCES
1. Rappaport. T.S., Wireless communications, Pearson Education, 2003.
2. Gordon L. Stuber, Principles of Mobile Communication, Springer International Ltd.,
2001.
3. Andrea Goldsmith, Wireless Communications, Cambridge University Press, 2007.


EC2402, Optical Communication and Networks

AIM
To introduce the various optical fiber modes, configurations and various signal
degradation factors associated with optical fiber.
To study about various optical sources and optical detectors and their use in the
optical communication system. Finally to discuss about digital transmission and
its associated parameters on system performance.
OBJECTIVES
To learn the basic elements of optical fiber transmission link, fiber modes
configurations and structures.
To understand the different kind of losses, signal distortion in optical wave guides
and other signal degradation factors. Design optimization of SM fibers, RI profile
and cut-off wave length.
To learn the various optical source materials, LED structures, quantum efficiency,
Laser diodes and different fiber amplifiers.
To learn the fiber optical receivers such as PIN APD diodes, noise performance in
photo detector, receiver operation and configuration.
To learn fiber slicing and connectors, noise effects on system performance,
operational principles WDM and solutions.


Unit I - INTRODUCTION
Introduction, Ray theory transmission, Total internal reflection,Acceptance angle , - Numerical aperture,Skew rays , Electromagnetic mode theory of optical propagation , - EM waves , modes in Planar guide , phase and group velocity , cylindrical fibers , - SM fibers.

Unit II - TRANSMISSION CHARACTERISTICS OF OPTICAL FIBERS
Attenuation , Material absorption losses in silica glass fibers , Linear and Non linear - Scattering losses , Fiber Bend losses , Midband and farband infra red transmission , - Intra and inter Modal Dispersion , Over all Fiber Dispersion , - Polarization, non linear Phenomena. Optical fiber connectors, - Fiber alignment and Joint Losses , Fiber Splices, - Fiber connectors , Expanded Beam Connectors , Fiber Couplers.

Unit III - SOURCES AND DETECTORS
Optical sources: Light Emitting Diodes , LED structures , surface and edge emitters, - mono and hetero structures , internal , quantum efficiency, injection laser diode - structures, comparison of LED and ILD - Optical Detectors: PIN Photo detectors, Avalanche photo diodes, construction, - characteristics and properties, Comparison of performance, Photo detector noise , - Noise sources , Signal to Noise ratio , Detector response time.

Unit IV - FIBER OPTIC RECEIVER AND MEASUREMENTS
Fundamental receiver operation, Pre amplifiers, Error sources , - Receiver Configuration,Probability of Error ,Quantum limit. - Fiber Attenuation measurements, Dispersion measurements , Fiber Refractive index - profile measurements , Fiber cut, off Wave length Measurements , - Fiber Numerical Aperture Measurements , Fiber diameter measurements.

Unit V - OPTICAL NETWORKS
Basic Networks , SONET / SDH , Broadcast ,and ,select WDM Networks , - Wavelength Routed Networks , Non linear effects on Network performance , - Performance of WDM + EDFA system , Solitons , Optical CDMA , - Ultra High Capacity Networks

TEXT BOOKS
1. Optical Fiber Communication , John M. Senior , Pearson Education , Second
Edition. 2007
2. Optical Fiber Communication , Gerd Keiser , Mc Graw Hill ,Third Edition. 2000
REFERENCES
1. J.Gower, Optical Communication System, Prentice Hall of India, 2001
2. Rajiv Ramaswami, Optical Networks , Second Edition, Elsevier , 2004.
3. Govind P. Agrawal, Fiber,optic communication systems, third edition, John Wiley
& sons, 2004.
4. R.P. Khare, Fiber Optics and Optoelectronics, Oxford University Press, 2007.


EC2403, RF and Microwave Engineering

AIM
To enable the student to become familiar with active & passive microwave devices &
components used in Microwave communication systems.
OBJECTIVES
To study about multi,port RF networks and RF transistor amplifiers
To study passive microwave components and their S, Parameters.
To study Microwave semiconductor devices & applications.
To study Microwave sources and amplifiers.


Unit I - TWO PORT RF NETWORKS,CIRCUIT REPRESENTATION
Low frequency parameters,impedance ,admittance, hybrid and ABCD. - High frequencyparameters,Formulation of S parameters, properties of S parameter, - Reciprocal andlossless networks, transmission matrix, - Introduction to component basics, wire, resistor, - capacitor and inductor, applications of RF

Unit II - RFTRANSISTOR AMPLIFIER DESIGN AND MATCHING NETWORKS
Amplifier power relation, stability considerations, gain considerations noise figure, - impedance matching networks, frequency response, T and pi matching networks, - microstripline matching networks

Unit III - MICROWAVE PASSIVE COMPONENTS
Microwave frequency range, significance of microwave frequency range , applications of - microwaves. Scattering matrix ,Concept of N port scattering matrix representation, - Properties of S matrix, S matrix formulation of two,port junction. - Microwave junctions ,Tee junctions ,Magic Tee , Rat race , Corners , - bends and twists , Directional couplers ,two hole directional couplers,Ferrites , - important microwave properties and applications, - Termination , Gyrator, Isolator-Circulator , Attenuator , Phase changer , - S Matrix for microwave components , Cylindrical cavity resonators.

Unit IV - MICROWAVE SEMICONDUCTOR DEVICES
Microwave semiconductor devices, operation , characteristics and application of BJTs - and FETs ,Principles of tunnel diodes,Varactor and Step recovery diodes, Transferred - Electron Devices ,Gunn diode, Avalanche Transit time devices, IMPATT and TRAPATT - devices. Parametric devices ,Principles of operation , applications of parametric - amplifier .Microwave monolithic integrated circuit (MMIC) , Materials and fabrication - techniques

Unit V - MICROWAVE TUBES AND MEASUREMENTS
Microwave tubes, High frequency limitations , Principle of operation of Multicavity - Klystron, Reflex Klystron, Traveling Wave Tube, Magnetron. Microwave measurements: - Measurement of power, wavelength, impedance, SWR, - attenuation, Q and Phase shift.

TEXT BOOKS
1. Samuel Y Liao, Microwave Devices & Circuits , Prentice Hall of India, 2006.
2. Reinhold.Ludwig and Pavel Bretshko RF Circuit Design, Pearson Education, Inc.,
2006
REFERENCES
1. Robert. E.Collin-Foundation of Microwave Engg ,Mc Graw Hill.
2. Annapurna Das and Sisir K Das, Microwave Engineering, Tata Mc Graw
Hill Inc., 2004.
3. M.M.Radmanesh , RF & Microwave Electronics Illustrated, Pearson
Education, 2007.
4. Robert E.Colin, 2ed Foundations for Microwave Engineering, McGraw Hill, 2001
5. D.M.Pozar, Microwave Engineering., John Wiley & sons, Inc., 2006.


EC2404, Electronics System Design Lab

Subject Introduction / Notes not available

Unit I - 1. Design of a 4,20 mA transmitter for a bridge type transducer.
Design the Instrumentation amplifier with the bridge type transducer (Thermistor or any - resistance variation transducers) and convert the amplified voltage from the - instrumentation amplifier to 4 , 20 mA current using op,amp. - Plot the variation of the temperature Vs output current. - 2. Design of AC/DC voltage regulator using SCR - Design a phase controlled voltage regulator using full wave rectifier and SCR, vary the - conduction angle and plot the output voltage. - 3. Design of process control timer - Design a sequential timer to switch on & off at least 3 relays in a particular sequence - using timer IC. - 4. Design of AM / FM modulator / demodulator - Design AM signal using multiplier IC for the given carrier frequency and modulation - index and demodulate the AM signal using envelope detector.Design FM signal using - VCO IC NE566 for the given carrier frequency and demodulate the same using PLL NE 565. - 5. Design of Wireless data modem. - Design a FSK modulator using 555/XR 2206 and convert it to sine wave using filter and - transmit the same using IR LED and demodulate the same PLL NE 565/XR 2212. - 6. PCB layout design using CAD - Drawing the schematic of simple electronic circuit and design of PCB layout using CAD - 7. Microcontroller based systems design - Design of microcontroller based system for simple applications like security systems - combination lock. - 8.DSP based system design - Design a DSP based system for echo cancellation, using TMS/ADSP DSP kit. - 9. Psuedo,random Sequence Generator - 10. Arithmetic Logic Unit Design

Books information not available


EC2405, Optical & Microwave Lab

Subject Introduction / Notes not available

Unit I - MICROWAVE EXPERIMENTS:
1. Reflex Klystron ,Mode characteristics - 2. Gunn Diode ,Characteristics - 3. VSWR, Frequency and Wave Length Measurement - 4. Directional Coupler ,Directivity and Coupling Coefficient , - S, parameter measurement - 5. Isolator and Circulator , S , parameter measurement - 6. Attenuation and Power measurement - 7. S ,matrix Characterization of E,Plane T, H,Plane T and Magic T. - 8. Radiation Pattern of Antennas. - 9. Antenna Gain Measurement - OPTICAL EXPERIMENTS: - 1. DC characteristics of LED and PIN Photo Diode. - 2. Mode Characteristics of Fibers - 3. Measurement of Connector and Bending Losses. - 4. Fiber Optic Analog and Digital Link - 5. Numerical Aperture Determination for Fibers - 6. Attenuation Measurement in Fibers

Books information not available


ELECTIVE-III, II Sem Lab Elective

  • Written by KamatchiPriya
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2011 CSE VII SEM- B.E CURRICULUM AND SYLLABUS

Curriculum and Syllabus: B.E.2011 CSE, AUC 2011
Semester: 7

MG2452, Engineering Economics & Financial Accounting

Subject Introduction / Notes not available

Unit I - INTRODUCTION
Managerial Economics - Relationship with other disciplines - Firms: Types, objectives and goals - Managerial decisions - Decision analysis.

Unit II - DEMAND & SUPPLY ANALYSIS
Demand - Types of demand - Determinants of demand - Demand function - Demand elasticity - Demand forecasting - Supply - Determinants of supply - Supply function - Supply elasticity.

Unit III - PRODUCTION AND COST ANALYSIS
Production function - Returns to scale - Production optimization - Least cost input - Isoquants - Managerial uses of production function. - Cost Concepts - Cost function - Determinants of cost - Short run and Long run cost curves - Cost Output Decision - Estimation of Cost.

Unit IV - PRICING
Determinants of Price - Pricing under different objectives and different market structures - Price discrimination - Pricing methods in practice.

Unit V - FINANCIAL ACCOUNTING (ELEMENTARY TREATMENT)
Balance sheet and related concepts - Profit & Loss Statement and related concepts - Financial Ratio Analysis - Cash flow analysis - Funds flow analysis - Comparative financial statements - Analysis & Interpretation of financial statements.

Unit VI - CAPITAL BUDGETING (ELEMENTARY TREATMENT)
Investments - Risks and return evaluation of investment decision - Average rate of return - Payback Period - Net Present Value - Internal rate of return.

REFERENCES:
1. Samuelson. Paul A and Nordhaus W.D., "Economics", Tata Mcgraw Hill
Publishing Company Limited, New Delhi, 2004.
2. McGuigan, Moyer and Harris, "Managerial Economics; Applications, Strategy and
Tactics", Thomson South Western, 10th Edition, 2005.
3. Paresh Shah, "Basic Financial Accounting for Management", Oxford University Press,
New Delhi, 2007.
4. Salvatore Dominick, "Managerial Economics in a global economy". Thomson South
Western, 4th Edition, 2001.
5. Prasanna Chandra. "Fundamentals of Financial Management", Tata Mcgraw Hill
Publishing Ltd., 4th edition, 2005.


CS2401, Computer Graphics

Subject Introduction / Notes not available

Unit I - 2D PRIMITIVES
output primitives - Line, Circle and Ellipse drawing algorithms - Attributes of output primitives - Two dimensional Geometric transformation - Two dimensional viewing - Line, Polygon, Curve and Text clipping algorithms

Unit II - 3D CONCEPTS
Parallel and Perspective projections - Three dimensional object representation - Polygons, Curved lines, Splines, Quadric Surfaces, - Visualization of data sets - 3D transformations - Viewing - Visible surface identification.

Unit III - GRAPHICS PROGRAMMING
Color Models ? RGB, YIQ, CMY, HSV - Animations - General Computer Animation, - Raster, Keyframe - Graphics programming using OPENGL - Basic graphics primitives - Drawing three dimensional objects - Drawing three dimensional scenes

Unit IV - RENDERING
Introduction to Shading models - Flat and Smooth shading - Adding texture to faces - Adding shadows of objects - Building a camera in a program - Creating shaded objects - Rendering texture - Drawing Shadows.

Unit V - FRACTALS
Fractals and Self similarity - Peano curves - Creating image by iterated functions - Mandelbrot sets - Julia Sets - Random Fractals - Overview of Ray Tracing - Intersecting rays with other primitives - Adding Surface texture - Reflections and - Transparency - Boolean operations on Objects.

TEXT BOOKS:
1. Donald Hearn, Pauline Baker, "Computer Graphics"C Version, second edition,
Pearson Education,2004.
2. F.S. Hill, Computer Graphics using OPENGL, Second edition, Pearson Education,
2003.
REFERENCE:
1. James D. Foley, Andries Van Dam, Steven K. Feiner, John F. Hughes, Computer
Graphics- Principles and practice, Second Edition in C, Pearson Education, 2007.


CS2402, Mobile and Pervasive Computing

Subject Introduction / Notes not available

Unit I - MOBILE NETWORKS
Cellular Wireless Networks - GSM - Architecture - Protocols - Connection Establishment - Frequency Allocation - Routing - Mobility Management - Security - GPRS.

Unit II - WIRELESS NETWORKS
Wireless LANs and PANs - IEEE 802.11 Standard - Architecture - Services - Network - HiperLAN - Blue Tooth - Wi-Fi - WiMAX

Unit III - ROUTING
Mobile IP - DHCP - AdHoc - Proactive and Reactive Routing Protocols - Multicast - Routing.

Unit IV - TRANSPORT AND APPLICATION LAYERS
Mobile TCP - WAP - Architecture - WWW Programming Model - WDP - WTLS - WTP - WSP - WAE - WTA Architecture - WML - WMLScripts.

Unit V - PERVASIVE COMPUTING
Pervasive computing infrastructure - applications - Device Technology - Hardware,Human-machine Interfaces - Biometrics, and Operating systems - Device Connectivity - Protocols, Security, and Device Management - Pervasive Web Application architecture - Access from PCs and PDAs - Access via WAP

TEXT BOOKS:
1. Jochen Schiller, "Mobile Communications", PHI, Second Edition, 2003.
2. Jochen Burkhardt, Pervasive Computing: Technology and Architecture of Mobile
Internet Applications, Addison-Wesley Professional; 3rd edition, 2007
REFERENCES:
1. Frank Adelstein, Sandeep KS Gupta, Golden Richard, Fundamentals of Mobile and
Pervasive Computing, McGraw-Hill 2005
2. Debashis Saha, Networking Infrastructure for Pervasive Computing: Enabling
Technologies, Kluwer Academic Publisher, Springer; First edition, 2002
3. Introduction to Wireless and Mobile Systems by Agrawal and Zeng, Brooks/ Cole
(Thomson Learning), First edition, 2002
4. Uwe Hansmann, Lothar Merk, Martin S. Nicklons and Thomas Stober, Principles of
Mobile Computing, Springer, New York, 2003.


CS2403, Digital Signal Processing

AIM
To study the signal processing methods and applications.
OBJECTIVES:
To study DFT and its computation
To study the design techniques for digital filters
To study the finite word length effects in signal processing
To study the non-parametric methods of power spectrum estimations
To study the fundamentals of multirate signal processing.


Unit I - SIGNALS AND SYSTEMS
Basic elements of DSP - concepts of frequency in Analog and Digital Signals - sampling theorem - Discrete time signals - Discrete time systems - Analysis of discrete time LTI systems - Z transform - Convolution (linear and circular) - Correlation.

Unit II - FREQUENCY TRANSFORMATIONS
Introduction to DFT - Properties of DFT - Filtering methods based on DFT - FFT Algorithms Decimation - in ? time Algorithms - Decimation ? in ? frequency Algorithms - Use of FFT in Linear Filtering - DCT.

Unit III - IIR FILTER DESIGN
Structures of IIR - Analog filter design - Discrete time IIR filter from analog filter - IIR filter design by Impulse Invariance - Bilinear transformation - Approximation of derivatives - (HPF, BPF, BRF) filter design using frequency translation

Unit IV - FIR FILTER DESIGN
Structures of FIR - Linear phase FIR filter - Filter design using windowing techniques, - Frequency sampling techniques - Finite word length effects in digital Filters

Unit V - APPLICATIONS
Multirate signal processing - Speech compression - Adaptive filter - Musical sound processing - Image enhancement.

TEXT BOOKS:
1. John G. Proakis & Dimitris G.Manolakis "Digital Signal Processing Principles,
Algorithms & Applications" Fourth edition Pearson education / Prentice Hall, 2007.
2. Emmanuel C..Ifeachor, & Barrie.W.Jervis, "Digital Signal Processing", Second
edition Pearson Education /Prentice Hall 2002.
REFERENCES:
1. Alan V.Oppenheim, Ronald W. Schafer & Hohn. R.Back, "Discrete Time Signal
Processing" Pearson Education 2nd edition, 2005.
2. Andreas Antoniou "Digital Signal Processing" Tata McGraw Hill, 2001


CSE07, Elective-III

CSE07, Elective-IV

CS2032, Data Warehousing and Data Mining

Subject Introduction / Notes not available

Unit I - DATA WAREHOUSING
Data warehousing Components - Building a Data warehouse - Mapping the Data Warehouse to a Multiprocessor Architecture - DBMS Schemas for Decision Support - Data Extraction, Cleanup, and Transformation Tools - Metadata.

Unit II - BUSINESS ANALYSIS
Reporting and Query tools and Applications - Tool Categories - The Need for Applications - Cognos Impromptu - Online Analytical Processing (OLAP) - Need - Multidimensional Data Model - OLAP Guidelines - Multidimensional versus Multirelational OLAP - Categories of Tools - OLAP Tools and the Internet.

Unit III - DATA MINING
Introduction - Data - Types of Data - Data Mining Functionalities - Interestingness of Patterns - Classification of Data Mining Systems - Data Mining Task Primitives - Integration of a Data Mining System with a Data Warehouse - Issues - Data Preprocessing.

Unit IV - ASSOCIATION RULE MINING AND CLASSIFICATION
Mining Frequent Patterns, Associations and Correlations - Mining Methods - Mining Various Kinds of Association Rules - Correlation Analysis - Constraint Based Association Mining - Classification and Prediction - Basic Concepts - Decision Tree Induction - Bayesian Classification - Rule Based Classification - Classification by Backpropagation - Support Vector Machines - Associative Classification - Lazy Learners - Other Classification Methods - Prediction

Unit V - CLUSTERING AND APPLICATIONS AND TRENDS IN DATA MINING
Cluster Analysis - Types of Data - Categorization of Major Clustering Methods - K- means - Partitioning Methods - Hierarchical Methods - Density-Based Methods - Grid Based Methods - Model-Based Clustering Methods - Clustering High Dimensional Data - Constraint - Based Cluster Analysis - Outlier Analysis - Data Mining Applications.

TEXT BOOKS:
1. Alex Berson and Stephen J. Smith, Data Warehousing, Data Mining & OLAP, Tata McGraw Hill Edition, Tenth Reprint 2007.
2. Jiawei Han and Micheline Kamber, Data Mining Concepts and Techniques, Second Edition, Elsevier, 2007.
REFERENCES:
1. Pang-Ning Tan, Michael Steinbach and Vipin Kumar, Introduction To Data Mining, Person Education, 2007.
2. K.P. Soman, Shyam Diwakar and V. Ajay -, Insight into Data mining Theory and Practice, Easter Economy Edition, Prentice Hall of India, 2006.
3. G. K. Gupta, Introduction to Data Mining with Case Studies, Easter Economy Edition, Prentice Hall of India, 2006.
4. Daniel T.Larose, Data Mining Methods and Models, Wile-Interscience, 2006.


IT2032, Software Testing

Subject Introduction / Notes not available

Unit I - INTRODUCTION
Testing as an Engineering Activity - Role of Process in Software Quality - Testing as a Process - Basic Definitions - Software Testing Principles - The Tester?s Role in a Software Development Organization - Origins of Defects - Defect Classes - The Defect Repository and Test Design - Defect Examples - Developer/Tester Support for Developing a Defect Repository.

Unit II - TEST CASE DESIGN
Introduction to Testing Design Strategies - The Smarter Tester - Test Case Design Strategies - Using Black Box Approach to Test Case Design Random Testing - Requirements based testing - Positive and negative testing - Boundary Value Analysis - Decision tables - Equivalence Class Partitioning state-based testing - cause-effect graphing - error guessing - compatibility testing - user documentation testing - domain testing Using White?Box Approach to Test design - Test Adequacy Criteria - static testing vs. structural testing - code functional testing - Coverage and Control Flow Graphs - Covering Code Logic Paths - Their Role in White?box Based Test Design - code complexity testing - Evaluating Test Adequacy Criteria.

Unit III - LEVELS OF TESTING
The Need for Levels of Testing - Unit Test - Unit Test Planning - Designing the Unit Tests. - The Test Harness - Running the Unit tests and Recording results - Integration tests - Designing Integration Tests - Integration Test Planning - scenario testing - Defect bash elimination - System Testing - types of system testing - Acceptance testing - performance testing - Regression Testing - internationalization testing - ad-hoc testing - Alpha ? Beta Tests - testing OO systems - usability and accessibility testing

Unit IV - TEST MANAGEMENT
People and organizational issues in testing - Organization structures for testing teams - Testing services - Test Planning - Test Plan Components - Test Plan Attachments - Locating Test Items - test management - test process - Reporting Test Results - The role of three groups in Test Planning and Policy Development - Introducing the test specialist - Skills needed by a test specialist - Building a Testing Group.

Unit V - CONTROLLING AND MONITORING
Software test automation - skills needed for automation - scope of automation - design and architecture for automation - requirements for a test tool - challenges in automation - Test metrics and measurements - project, progress and productivity metrics - Status Meetings - Reports and Control Issues - Criteria for Test Completion - SCM - Types of reviews - Developing a review program - Components of Review Plans - Reporting - Review Results - evaluating software quality - defect prevention - testing maturity model

TEXT BOOKS:
1. Srinivasan Desikan and Gopalaswamy Ramesh, Software Testing,Principles and Practices, Pearson education, 2006.
2. Aditya P.Mathur,Foundations of Software Testing, Pearson Education,2008.
REFERENCES:
1. Boris Beizer, Software Testing Techniques, Second Edition,Dreamtech, 2003
2. Elfriede Dustin, Effective Software Testing, First Edition, Pearson Education, 2003.
3. Renu Rajani, Pradeep Oak, Software Testing Effective Methods, Tools and Techniques, Tata McGraw Hill, 2004.


CS2405, Computer Graphics Lab

Subject Introduction / Notes not available

Unit I - Implementation of Bresenhams Algorithm ? Line, Circle, Ellipse.
Implementation of Line, Circle and ellipse Attributes

Unit II - Two Dimensional transformations - Translation, Rotation, Scaling, Reflection,
Shear. - Composite 2D Transformations

Unit III - Cohen Sutherland 2D line clipping and Windowing
Sutherland - Hodgeman Polygon clipping Algorithm

Unit IV - Three dimensional transformations - Translation, Rotation, Scaling
Composite 3D transformations

Unit V - Drawing three dimensional objects and Scenes
Generating Fractal images

Books information not available


CS2406, Open Source Lab

OBJECTIVE:
To expose students to FOSS environment and introduce them to use open source
packages

Unit I - Kernel configuration, compilation and installation :
Download / access the latest kernel source code from kernel.org,compile the kernel and install it in the local - system.Try to view the source code of the kernel

Unit II - Virtualisation environment :
(e.g., xen, kqemu or lguest) to test an applications, new kernels and isolate applications. It could also be used to expose students to other - alternate OSs like *BSD

Unit III - Compiling from source :
learn about the various build systems used like the auto* - family, cmake, ant etc. instead of just running the commands. This could involve the - full process like fetching from a cvs and also include autoconf, automake etc.,

Unit IV - Introduction to packet management system : Given a set of RPM or DEB, how to
build and maintain, serve packages over http or ftp. and also how do you configure - client systems to access the package repository.

Unit V - Installing various software packages
Either the package is yet to be installed or an older version is existing. The - student can practice installing the latest version. Of course, this might need - internet access. - Install samba and share files to windows - Install Common Unix Printing System(CUPS)

Unit VI - Set up the complete network interface usinf ifconfig command liek setting
gateway, DNS, IP tables, etc.,

Books information not available


 

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2013 ECE II SEM- ME Curriculum and Syllabus

Curriculum and Syllabus: M.E. 2013 14MCS, AUC 2013
Semester: 02

CP7008, Speech Processing and Synthesis

Subject Introduction / Notes not available

Unit I - FUNDAMENTALS OF SPEECH PROCESSING
Introduction - Spoken Language Structure - Phonetics and Phonology - Syllables and Words - Syntax and Semantics - Probability, Statistics and Information Theory - Probability Theory - Estimation Theory - Significance Testing - Information Theory

Unit II - SPEECH SIGNAL REPRESENTATIONS AND CODING
Overview of Digital Signal Processing - Speech Signal Representations - Short time Fourier Analysis - Acoustic Model of Speech Production - Linear Predictive Coding - Cepstral Processing - Formant Frequencies - The Role of Pitch - Speech Coding - LPC Coder

Unit III - SPEECH RECOGNITION
Hidden Markov Models - Definition - Continuous and Discontinuous HMMs - Practical Issues - Limitations. Acoustic Modeling - Variability in the Speech Signal - Extracting Features - Phonetic Modeling - Adaptive Techniques - Confidence Measures - Other Techniques

Unit IV - EXT ANALYSIS
Lexicon - Document Structure Detection - Text Normalization - Linguistic Analysis - Homograph Disambiguation - Morphological Analysis - Letter-to-sound Conversion - Prosody - Generation schematic - Speaking Style - Symbolic Prosody - Duration Assignment - Pitch Generation

Unit V - SPEECH SYNTHESIS
Attributes - Formant Speech Synthesis - Concatenative Speech Synthesis - Prosodic Modification of Speech - Source-filter Models for Prosody Modification - Evaluation of TTS Systems

REFERENCES:
1. Xuedong Huang, Alex Acero, Hsiao-Wuen Hon, "Spoken Language Processing ? A
guide to Theory, Algorithm and System Development", Prentice Hall PTR, 2001.
2. Thomas F.Quatieri, "Discrete-Time Speech Signal Processing", Pearson Education,
2002.
3. Lawrence Rabiner and Biing-Hwang Juang,"Fundamentals of Speech Recognition",
Prentice Hall Signal Processing Series, 1993.
4. Sadaoki Furui,"Digital Speech Processing: Synthesis, and Recognition, Second Edition,
(Signal Processing and Communications)", Marcel Dekker, 2000.
5. Joseph Mariani, "Language and Speech Processing", Wiley, 2009.


CU7202, MIC and RF System Design

1. To understand the fundamentals of RF radio system design.
2. To understand the various components that constitute an RF radio system for wireless Communications.
3. To know the basic analysis techniques needed for evaluating the performance of an RF radio system for Wireless applications.

Unit I - CMOS PHYSICS, TRANSCEIVER SPECIFICATION AND ARCHITECTURES
CMOS, Introduction to MOSFET Physics - Noise, Thermal, shot, flicker, popcorn noise - Transceiver Specifications, Two port Noise theory - Noise Figure, THD, IP2, IP3 - Sensitivity, SFDR - Phase noise - Specification distribution over a communication link Transceiver Architectures - Receiver, Homodyne, Heterodyne, Image reject - Low IF Architectures - Transmitter, Direct up conversion - Two step up conversion

Unit II - IMPEDANCE MATCHING AND AMPLIFIERS
S parameters with Smith chart - Passive IC components - Impedance matching networks - Amplifiers, Common Gate, - Common Source Amplifiers - OC Time constants in bandwidth - Estimation and Enhancement - High frequency amplifier design Low Noise Amplifiers - Power match and Noise match - Single ended and Differential LNAs - Terminated with Resistors and - Source Degeneration LNAs

Unit III - FEEDBACK SYSTEMS AND POWER AMPLIFIERS
Feedback Systems, Stability of feedback systems - Gain and phase margin, Root locus techniques - Time and Frequency domain considerations - Compensation Power Amplifiers - General model Class A, AB, B, - C, D, E and F amplifiers - Linearisation Techniques,Efficiency boosting techniques, - ACPR metric, Design considerations

Unit IV - RF FILTER DESIGN, OSCILLATOR, MIXER
Overview, basic resonator and filter configuration - Special filter realizations - Filter implementation - Basic oscillator model - High frequency oscillator configuration - Basic characteristics of mixers - Phase locked loops - RF directional couplers hybrid couplers - Detector and demodulator circuits

Unit V - MIC COMPONENTS, ANTENNAS AND MEASUREMENT TECHNIQUES
Introduction to MICs - Fabrication Technology - Advantages and applications - MIC components - Micro strip components - Coplanar circuits - Integrated antennas - Photonic band gap antennas - Measurement techniques, test fixture measurements - Probe station measurements - Thermal and cryogenic measurements - Experimental field probing techniques

1. T. Lee, Design of CMOS RF Integrated Circuits, Cambridge, 2004.
2. B.Razavi, RF Microelectronics, Pearson Education, 1997.
3. Jan Crols, MichielSteyaert, CMOS Wireless Transceiver Design, Kluwer Academic Publications, 1997.
4. B. Razavi, Design of analog CMOS Integrated Circuits, McGraw Hill,2001.
5. I.D. Robertson & S. Lucyszyn, RFIC and MMIC Design and Technology, IEE Circuits, Devices and Systems series 13, London, UK, 2001.


AP7301, Electromagnetic Interference and Compatibility

To understand the basics of EMI
To study EMI Sources
To understand EMI problems
To understand Solution methods in PCB
To understand Measurement technique for emission
To understand Measurement technique for immunity

Unit I - EMI/EMC Concepts
EMI-EMC definitions and Units of parameters - Sources and victim of EMI - Conducted and Radiated EMI Emission and Susceptibility - Transient EMI, ESD - Radiation Hazards.

Unit II - EMI Coupling Principles
Conducted, radiated and transient coupling - Common ground impedance coupling - Common mode and ground loop coupling - Differential mode coupling - Near field cable to cable coupling - cross talk - Field to cable coupling - Power mains and Power supply coupling.

Unit III - EMI Control Techniques
Shielding , Shielding Material, Shielding integrity at discontinuities - Filtering - Characteristics of Filters - Impedance and Lumped element filters - Telephone line filter - Power line filter design - Filter installation and Evaluation - Grounding,Measurement of Ground resistance-system grounding for EMI/EMC-Cable shielded grounding - Bonding, Isolation transformer, Transient suppressors, - Cable routing, Signal control - EMI gaskets

Unit IV - EMC Design of PCBS
EMI Suppression Cables-Absorptive - Ribbon cables-Devices-Transient protection hybrid circuits - Component selection and mounting - PCB trace impedance - Routing - Cross talk control - Electromagnetic Pulse - Noise from relays and switches - Power distribution decoupling - Zoning - Grounding - VIAs connection Terminations.

Unit V - EMI measurements and standards
Open area test site - TEM cell - EMI test shielded chamber and shielded ferrite lined anechoic chamber - Tx /Rx Antennas, Sensors, Injectors / Couplers, and coupling factors - EMI Rx and spectrum analyzer - Civilian standards-CISPR, FCC, IEC, EN - Military standards-MIL461E/462. - Frequency assignment spectrum conversation - British VDE standards - Euro norms standards in japan - comparisons - EN Emission and Susceptibility standards and Specifications

1.V.P.Kodali, Engineering EMC Principles, Measurements and Technologies, IEEE Press, Newyork, 1996.
2. Clayton R.Paul, Introduction to Electromagnetic Compatibility, John Wiley Publications, 2008
3. Henry W.Ott.,Noise Reduction Techniques in Electronic Systems, A Wiley Inter Science Publications, John Wiley and Sons, Newyork, 1988.
4. Bemhard Keiser, Principles of Electromagnetic Compatibility, 3rd Ed, Artech house, Norwood,1986. .
5. Don R.J.White Consultant Incorporate, Handbook of EMI/EMC , Vol I-V, 1988.


ELECTIVE-II, Elective II

ELECTIVE-III, ELECTIVE III

ELECTIVE-IV, Elective IV

NC7101, High Performance Networks

To develop a comprehensive understanding of multimedia networking.
To study the types of VPN and tunneling protocols for security.
To learn about network security in many layers and network management.

Unit I - Introduction
Review of OSI - Review of TCP/IP - Multiplexing - Modes of Communication - Switching - Routing - SONET - DWDM - DSL,ISDN,BISDN - ATM

Unit II - Multimedia Networking Applications
Streaming stored Audio and Video - Best effort service - Protocols for real time interactive applications - Beyond best effort - Scheduling and policing mechanism - Integrated services - RSVP, differentiated services

Unit III - Advanced Networks Concepts
VPN, Remote-Access VPN - site-to-site VPN, Tunneling to PPP, Security in VPN - MPLS-operation - Routing - Tunneling and use of FEC - Traffic Engineering - MPLS based VPN - overlay networks - P2P connections

Unit IV - Traffic Modelling
Little s theorem - Need for modeling - Poisson modeling and its failure - Non- poisson models - Network performance evaluation

Unit V - Network Security and Management
Principles of cryptography - Authentication - Integrity , key distribution and certification - Access control and fire walls - Attacks and counter measures - Security in many layers - Infrastructure for network management - The internet standard management framework - SMI, MIB, SNMP - Security and administration - ASN.1

1. J.F. Kurose & K.W. Ross,Computer Networking- A top down approach featuring the internet, Pearson, 2nd edition,2003.
2. Walrand .J. Varatya, High performance communication network, Morgan Kauffman Harcourt Asia Pvt. Ltd. 2nd Edition, 2000.
3. LEOM-GarCIA, WIDJAJA, Communication networks, TMH seventh reprint 2002.
4. Aunurag kumar, D. MAnjunath, Joy kuri, Communication Networking, Morgan Kaufmann Publishers, 1ed 2004.
5. Hersent Gurle & petit, IP Telephony, packet Pored Multimedia communication Systems,Pearson education 2003.
6. Fred Halsall and Lingana Gouda Kulkarni,Computer Networking and the Internet fifth edition, Pearson education
7. Nader F.Mir ,Computer and Communication Networks, first edition.
8. Larry l.Peterson & Bruce S.David, Computer Networks: A System Approach1996


CU7004, Detection and Estimation Theory

1.To enable the student to understand the basic principles of random signal processing,
spectral estimation methods and their applications.
2. To enable the student to understand the different signal detection and estimation methods used in
communication system design and the implications of proper synchronization methods for proper
functioning of the system.

Unit I - DISCRETE RANDOM SIGNAL PROCESSING
Discrete Random Processes - Ensemble Averages, Stationary processes - Bias and Estimation - Auto covariance,Autocorrelation - Parsevals theorem - Wiener-Khintchine relation - White noise - Power Spectral Density - Spectral factorization - Filtering Random Processes - Special types of Random Processes,ARMA - AR, MA,Yule-Walker equations

Unit II - SPECTRAL ESTIMATION
Estimation of spectra from finite duration signals - Nonparametric methods,Periodogram - Modified periodogram, Bartlett - Welch and Blackman-Tukey methods - Parametric methods,ARMA - AR and MA model based spectral estimation - Solution using Levinson-Durbin algorithm

Unit III - DETECTION AND ESTIMATION CRITERIA
Detection criteria,Bayes detection techniques - MAP, ML,detection of M-ary signals - Neyman Peason,minimax decision criteria - Estimation,linear estimators,non-linear estimators - Bayes,MAP,ML,properties of estimators - phase and amplitude estimation

Unit IV - SYNCHRONIZATION
Signal parameter estimation - carrier phase estimation - symbol timing estimator - joint estimation of carrier phase and symbol timing

Unit V - RECEIVERS FOR AWGN AND FADING CHANNELS
Optimum receivers for AWGN channel - Correlation demodulator, matched filter - maximum likelihood sequence detector, envelope detectors for M-ary signals - Characterization of fading multipath channels - RAKE demodulator,Multiuser detection techniques

1. Monson H. Hayes, Statistical Digital Signal Processing and Modeling, John Wiley and
Sons, Inc, Singapore, 2002
2. John J. Proakis, Dimitris G. Manolakis, Digital Signal Processing, Pearson Education,
2002.
3. John G. Proakis., Digital Communication, 4 th edition, Mc Graw Hill Publication, 2001.
4. Bernard Sklar and Pabitra Kumar Roy, Digital Communications,Fundamentals &
Applications, 2/E, Pearson Education India, 2009
5. John G. Proakis, Masoud Salehi, Communication Systems Engineering, Prentice Hall, 1994


VL7013, VLSI for Wireless Communication

1.To study the design concepts of low noise amplifiers.
2.To study the various types of mixers designed for wireless communication.
3.To study and design PLL and VCO.
4.To understand the concepts of CDMA in wireless communication.

Unit I - COMPONENTS AND DEVICES
Integrated inductors, resistors - MOSFET and BJT AMPLIFIER DESIGN,Low Noise Amplifier - Design,Wideband LNA ,Design,Narrowband LNA - Impedance Matching,Automatic Gain - Control Amplifiers,Power Amplifiers

Unit II - MIXERS
Balancing Mixer,Qualitative Description of the Gilbert Mixer - Conversion Gain,Distortion - Low Frequency Case,Analysis of Gilbert Mixer - Distortion,High Frequency Case Noise - A Complete Active Mixer - Switching Mixer,Distortion in Unbalanced Switching Mixer - Conversion Gain in Unbalanced Switching Mixer - Noise in Unbalanced Switching Mixer,A Practical Unbalanced Switching Mixer - Sampling Mixer,Conversion Gain in Single Ended Sampling Mixer - Distortion in Single Ended Sampling Mixer ,Intrinsic Noise in Single Ended Sampling Mixer - Extrinsic Noise in Single Ended Sampling Mixer

Unit III - FREQUENCY SYNTHESIZERS
Phase Locked Loops,Voltage Controlled Oscillators - Phase Detector,Analog Phase Detectors - Digital Phase Detectors,Frequency Dividers - LC Oscillators,Ring Oscillators,Phase Noise - A Complete Synthesizer Design Example (DECT Application)

Unit IV - SUB SYSTEMS
Data converters in communications - adaptive Filters - equalizers and transceivers

Unit V - IMPLEMENTATIONS
VLSI architecture for Multifier Wireless System - Hardware Design Issues for a Next generation CDMA System

1. B.Razavi ,RF Microelectronics , Prentice-Hall ,1998.
2. Bosco H Leung,VLSI for Wireless Communication, Pearson Education, 2002.
3. Thomas H.Lee,The Design of CMOS Radio Frequency Integrated Circuits,
Cambridge University Press ,2003.
4. Emad N Farag and Mohamed I Elmasry,Mixed Signal VLSI Wireless Design -
Circuits and Systems, Kluwer Academic Publishers, 2000.
5. Behzad Razavi,Design of Analog CMOS Integrated Circuits, McGraw-Hill, 1999.
6. J. Crols and M. Steyaert, CMOS Wireless Transceiver Design, Boston,
Kluwer Academic Pub.,1997.


CU7006, Wavelet Transforms and Applications

To study the basics of signal representation and Fourier theory
To understand Multi Resolution Analysis and Wavelet concepts
To study the wavelet transform in both continuous and discrete domain
To understand the design of wavelets using Lifting scheme
To understand the applications of Wavelet transform

Unit I - Fundamentals
Vector Spaces - Properties - Dot Product - Basis, Dimension - Orthogonality and Orthonormality - Relationship Between Vectors and Signals - Signal Spaces - Concept of Convergence - Hilbert Spaces for Energy Signals - Fourier Theory: Fourier series expansion - Fourier transform - Short time Fourier transform - Time-frequency analysis

Unit II - Multi Resolution Analysis
Definition of Multi Resolution Analysis (MRA) - Haar Basis - Construction of General Orthonormal MRA - Wavelet Basis for MRA - Continuous Time MRA Interpretation for the DTWT - Discrete Time MRA - Basis Functions for the DTWT - PRQMF Filter Banks

Unit III - Continuous Wavelet Transforms
Wavelet Transform - Definition and Properties - Concept of Scale and its Relation with Frequency - Continuous Wavelet Transform (CWT) - Scaling Function and Wavelet Functions (Daubechies Coiflet, Mexican Hat, Sinc, Gaussian, Bi Orthogonal) - Tiling of Time - Scale Plane for CWT

Unit IV - Discrete Wavelet Transform
Filter Bank and Sub Band Coding Principles - Wavelet Filters - Inverse DWT - Computation by Filter Banks - Basic Properties of Filter Coefficients - Choice of Wavelet Function Coefficients - Derivations of Daubechies Wavelets - Mallat's Algorithm for DWT - Multi Band Wavelet Transforms Lifting Scheme - Wavelet Transform Using Polyphase Matrix Factorization - Geometrical Foundations of Lifting Scheme - Lifting Scheme in Z Domain

Unit V - Applications
Wavelet methods for signal processing - Image Compression Techniques: EZW?SPHIT Coding - Image Denoising Techniques: Noise Estimation - Shrinkage Rules - Shrinkage Functions - Edge Detection and Object Isolation - Image Fusion and Object Detection.

1. Rao R M and A S Bopardikar, Wavelet Transforms Introduction to theory and Applications, Pearson Education, Asia, 2000.
2. L.Prasad & S.S.Iyengar, Wavelet Analysis with Applications to Image Processing, CRC Press, 1997.
References:
1. J. C. Goswami and A. K. Chan, Fundamentals of wavelets: Theory, Algorithms and Applications" Wiley Interscience Publication,John Wiley & Sons Inc., 1999.
2. M. Vetterli, J. Kovacevic, Wavelets and subband coding" Prentice Hall Inc, 1995.
3. Stephen G. Mallat, A wavelet tour of signal processing" 2 nd Edition Academic Press, 2000.
4. Soman K P and Ramachandran K I, Insight into Wavelets From Theory to practice, Prentice Hall, 2004.


DS7101, DSP Processor Architecture and Programming

Digital Signal Processor basics
Third generation DSP Architecture and programming skills
Advanced DSP architectures and some applications.

Unit I - Fundamentals of Programmable DSPs
Multiplier and Multiplier accumulator - Modified Bus Structures and Memory access in PDSPs - Multiple access memory - Multi-port memory - VLIW architecture - Pipelining - Special Addressing - Modes in P-DSPs - On chip Peripherals

Unit II - TMS320C5X Processor
Architecture - Assembly language syntax - Addressing modes - Assembly language Instructions - Pipeline structure, Operation - Block Diagram of DSP starter kit - Application Programs for processing real time signals.

Unit III - TMS320C6X Processor
Architecture of the C6x Processor - Instruction Set - DSP Development System: Introduction - DSP Starter Kit Support Tools - Code Composer Studio - Support Files - Programming Examples to Test the DSK Tools - Application Programs for processing real time signals.

Unit IV - ADSP Processor
Architecture of ADSP-21XX and ADSP-210XX series of DSP processors - Addressing modes and assembly language instructions - Application programs - Filter design - FFT calculation

Unit V - Advanced Processors
Architecture of TMS320C54X: - Pipe line operation - Code Composer studio - Architecture of TMS320C6X - Architecture of Motorola DSP563XX - Comparison of the features of DSP family processors.

1. B.Venkataramani and M.Bhaskar, Digital Signal Processors Architecture, Programming and Applications Tata McGraw Hill Publishing Company Limited. New Delhi, 2003.
2. Avtar Singh and S. Srinivasan, Digital Signal Processing Implementations using DSP Microprocessors with Examples from TMS320C54xx, cengage Learning India Private Limited, Delhi 2012
3. User guides Texas Instrumentation, Analog Devices, Motorola.
4. Rulph Chassaing, Digital Signal Processing and Applications with the C6713 and C6416 DSK, A JOHN WILEY & SONS, INC., PUBLICATION, 2005


CP7023, Reconfigurable Computing

To understand the need for reconfigurable computing
To expose the students to various device architectures
To examine the various reconfigurable computing systems
To understand the different types of compute models for programming reconfigurable architectures
To expose the students to HDL programming and familiarize with the development environment
To expose the students to the various placement and routing protocols
To develop applications with FPGAs

Unit I - Device Architecture
General Purpose Computing Vs Reconfigurable Computing - Simple Programmable Logic Devices - Complex Programmable Logic Devices - FPGAs - Device Architecture - Case Studies

Unit II - Reconfigurable Computing Architectures and Systems
Reconfigurable Processing Fabric Architectures - RPF Integration into Traditional Computing Systems - Reconfigurable Computing Systems - Case Studies - Reconfiguration Management

Unit III - Programming Reconfigurable Systems
Compute Models - Programming FPGA Applications in HDL - Compiling C for Spatial Computing - perating System Support for Reconfigurable Computing.

Unit IV - Mappning Designs to Reconfigurable Platforms
The Design Flow - Technology Mapping - FPGA Placement and Routing - Configuration Bitstream Generation - Case Studies with Appropriate Tools.

Unit V - Application Developement with FPGAS
Case Studies of FPGA Applications - System on a Programmable Chip (SoPC) Designs

1. Maya B. Gokhale and Paul S. Graham, Reconfigurable Computing: Accelerating Computation with Field-Programmable Gate Arrays, Springer, 2005.
2. Scott Hauck and Andre Dehon (Eds.), Reconfigurable Computing The Theory and Practice of FPGA-Based Computation, Elsevier / Morgan Kaufmann, 2008.
3. Christophe Bobda,Introduction to Reconfigurable Computing Architectures, Algorithms and Applications, Springer, 2010


CU7201, Wireless Communication Networks

To introduce the concepts of wireless communication.
To make the students to know about the various propagation methods, Channel models.
To make the students to know about the capacity calculations multiple antennas and multiple user techniques used in the mobile communication.
To enhance the understanding of Wi-fi, 3G systems and 4G networks.

Unit I - WIRELESS CHANNEL PROPAGATION AND MODEL
Propagation of EM signals in wireless channel - Reflection, diffraction and Scattering - Small scale fading - channel classification - channel models COST -231 Hata model - Longley-Rice Model - NLOS Multipath Fading Models: Rayleigh,Rician - Nakagami, Composite Fading shadowing Distributions - Link power budget Analysis

Unit II - DIVERSITY
Capacity of flat fading channels - Capacity of frequency selective fading channels - Realization of independent fading paths - Receiver Diversity,selection combining - Threshold Combining, Maximum-ratio Combining - Equal gain Combining. - Transmitter Diversity: Channel known at transmitter - channel unknown at the transmitter

Unit III - MIMO COMMUNICATIONS
Narrowband MIMO model - Parallel decomposition of the MIMO channel - MIMO channel capacity - MIMO Diversity Gain - Beamforming, Diversity-Multiplexing trade-offs - Space time Modulation - Space time coding : STBC,STTC - Spacial Multiplexing - BLAST Architectures

Unit IV - MULTI USER SYSTEMS
Multiple Access - FDMA,TDMA - CDMA,SDMA,Hybrid techniques - Random Access:ALOHA - SALOHA,CSMA - Scheduling, power control - uplink downlink channel capacity - multiuser diversity - MIMO-MU systems

Unit V - 3G Overview
Migration path to UMTS,UMTS Basics - Air Interface - 3GPP Network Architecture - 4G features and challenges - Technology path, IMS Architecture - Introduction to wireless LANs - IEEE 802.11 WLANs - Physical Layer,MAC sublayer

1. Andrea Goldsmith, Wireless Communications, Cambridge University Press, 2007.
2. HARRY R. ANDERSON, Fixed Broadband Wireless System Design John Wiley India,2003.
3. Andreas.F. Molisch, Wireless Communications, John Wiley India, 2006.
4. Simon Haykin & Michael Moher, Modern Wireless Communications, Pearson Education,2007.
5. Rappaport. T.S., Wireless communications, Pearson Education, 2003.
6. Clint Smith. P.E., and Daniel Collins, 3G Wireless Networks, 2nd Edition, Tata McGraw Hill,2007.
7. Vijay. K. Garg, Wireless Communication and Networking, Morgan Kaufmann Publishers,http://books.elsevier.com/9780123735805:, 2007.
8. Kaveth Pahlavan,. K. Prashanth Krishnamuorthy, "Principles of Wireless Networks", Prentice Hall of India, 2006.
9. William Stallings, "Wireless Communications and networks" Pearson / Prentice Hall of India,2nd Ed., 2007.
10. Sumit Kasera and Nishit Narang, 3G Networks Architecture, Protocols and Procedures,Tata McGraw Hill, 2007.


NC7102, Communication Network Modelling and Simulation

Subject Introduction / Notes not available

Unit I - INTRODUCTION TO MODELING AND SIMULATION
Introduction - Discrete event Simulation - Modeling for Computer Simulation - Tools and Methods for Network Simulation - The Simulation Platform - Simulation Framework - Tools and Modeling Approaches for Simulating Hardware

Unit II - MONTE CARLO SIMULATION
Fundamental concepts - Application to communication systems - Monte Carlo integration - Semi analytic techniques - Case study,Performance estimation of a wireless system

Unit III - LOWER LAYER & LINK LAYER WIRELESS MODELING
Physical Layer Modeling - Description of the Main Components of the PHY Layer - Accurate Simulation of Physical Layers - Physical Layer Modeling for Network Simulations - Link Layer Modeling - Medium Access Control (MAC) Protocols - Logical Link Control - Forward Error Detection and Correction - Backward Error Detection and Correction - Queueing and Processing Delay

Unit IV - CHANNEL MODELING & MOBILITY MODELING
Channel Modeling ,The Physics of Radiation - The Nature of Electromagnetic Radiation - Classification of Propagation Models - Deterministic Approaches by Classical Field Theory - Deterministic Geometric Optical Approaches - Empirical Path Loss Approaches - Stochastic Shadowing Models - Stochastic Fading Models - MIMO Channel Models - Mobility modeling,Categorization of Mobility Models - Mobility Models, Random Walk Model - Random Waypoint Model - Random Direction Model, Gauss Markov Model - Manhattan Model, Column Model - Pursue Model, Nomadic Community Model - Selection of Appropriate Mobility Models

Unit V - HIGHER LAYER MODELING & MODELING THE NETWORK TOPOLOGY
Higher Layer Modeling ,Modeling the Network Layer and Routing Protocols - Components of a Routing Protocol,Metrics - Virtual Routing on Overlays - Modeling Transport Layer Protocols - Modeling Application Traffic - Modeling the Network Topology ,Abstraction of Network Topologies by Graphs - Characterizing Graphs, Common Topology Models - Geometric Random Graph - The Waxman Model - Hierarchical Topologies - Preferential Linking - The BarabásiAlbert Model - Modeling the Internet

1.K.Wehrie. Gunes, J.Gross,Modeling and Tools for Network simulation, Springer, 2010.
2.Irene Karzela, Modeling and Simulating Communications Networks, Prentice Hall India,1998.
3.William.H.Tranter, K. Sam Shanmugam, Theodore. S. Rappaport, Kurt L. Kosbar, Principles
of Communication Systems Simulation, Pearson Education (Singapore)Pvt. Ltd, 2004.
4.M.C. Jeruchim, P.Balaban and K. Sam Shanmugam, Simulation of Communication Systems
Modeling, Methodology and Techniques, Plenum Press, New York, 2001.
5.Nejat, Bragg, Arnold, Recent Advances in Modeling and Simulation Tools for
Communication Networks and Services, Springer, 2007.


CU7003, Digital Communication Receivers

Subject Introduction / Notes not available

Unit I - REVIEW OF DIGITAL COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUES
Base band communication - signal space representation - linear and nonlinear modulation techniques - Error tracking and Spectral characteristics of digital modulation

Unit II - OPTIMUM RECEIVERS FOR AWGN CHANNEL
Correlation demodulator - matched filter - maximum likelihood sequence detector - optimum receiver for CPM signals - M-ary orthogonal signals - envelope detectors for M-ary and correlated binary signals

Unit III - RECEIVERS FOR FADING CHANNELS
Characterization of fading multiple channels - statistical models - flat and frequency selective fading - diversity technique - Optimal receivers for data detection and synchronization parameter estimation - coded waveform for fading channel

Unit IV - SYNCHRONIZATION TECHNIQUES
Carrier and signal synchronization - carrier phase estimation-PLL - Decision directed loops - symbol timing estimation - maximum likelihood and non-decision directed timing estimation - joint estimation

Unit V - ADAPTIVE EQUALIZATION
Zero forcing algorithm - LMS algorithm - adaptive decision-feedback equalizer and Equalization of Trellis-coded signals - Kalman algorithm - blind equalizers and stochastic gradient algorithm

1. Heinrich Meyer, Mare Moeneclacy, Stefan.A.Fechtel, Digital communication receivers , Vol I
& Vol II, John Wiley, New York, 1997.
2. U.Mengali & A.N.D Andrea, Synchronization Techniques for Digital Receivers, Kluwer, 1997.
3. John.G.Proakis, Digital communication 4th Edition, McGraw-Hill, NewYork, 2001.
4. E.A.Lee and D.G. Messerschmitt, Digital communication , 2nd Edition, Allied Publishers, New Delhi, 1994.
5. Simon Marvin, Digital communication over fading channel, An unified approach to
performance Analysis , John Wiley, New York, 2000.
6. H.Meyr & G.Ascheid, Synchronization in Digital Communications, John Wiley, 1990.
7. R. G. Gallager, Principles of Digital Communication, Cambridge University Press, 2008.


CU7005, Cognitive Radio

1. To enable the student to understand the evolving paradigm of cognitive radio communication and
the enabling technologies for its implementation.
2. To enable the student to understand the essential functionalities and requirements in designing
software defined radios and their usage for cognitive communication.
3. To expose the student to the evolving next generation wireless networks and their associated
challenges.

Unit I - INTRODUCTION TO SDR
Definitions and potential benefits - software radio architecture evolution,foundations - Technology tradeoffs and architecture implications - Antenna for Cognitive Radio.

Unit II - SDR ARCHITECTURE
Essential functions of the software radio - architecture goals, quantifying degrees of programmability - top level component topology, computational properties of functional components - interface topologies among plug and play modules - architecture partitions

Unit III - INTRODUCTION TO COGNITIVE RADIOS
Marking radio self-aware,the cognition cycle - organization of congnition tasks,structuring knowledge for cognition tasks - Enabling location and environment awareness in cognitive radios concepts - architecture,design considerations

Unit IV - COGNITIVE RADIO ARCHITECTURE
Primary Cognitive Radio functions,Behaviors,Components - A?Priori Knowledge taxonomy,observe phase data structures - Radio procedure knowledge encapsulation - components of orient, plan - decide phases, act phase knowledge representation - design rules.

Unit V - NEXT GENERATION WIRELESS NETWORKS
The XG Network architecture, spectrum sensing - spectrum management, spectrum mobility - spectrum sharing, upper layer issues - cross layer design

1. Alexander M. Wyglinski, Maziar Nekovee, And Y. Thomas Hou, Cognitive
Radio Communications And Networks Principles And Practice, Elsevier Inc.,2010.
2. E. Biglieri, A.J. Goldsmith., L.J. Greenstein, N.B. Mandayam, H.V. Poor, Principles of Cognitive Radio, Cambridge University Press, 2013.
3. Kwang-Cheng Chen and Ramjee Prasad, Cognitive Radio Networks,
John Wiley&Sons, Ltd, 2009.
4. Khattab, Ahmed, Perkins, Dmitri, Bayoumi, Magdy, Cognitive Radio Networks From Theory to Practice, Springer Series,Analog Circuits and Signal Processing, 2009.


DS7071, Speech And Audio Signal Processing

To study the basic concepts of speech and audio.
To study the analysis of various M-band filter banks for audio coding
To learn various transform coders for audio coding.
To study the speech processing methods in time and frequency domain

Unit I - MECHANICS OF SPEECH AND AUDIO
Introduction,Review Of Signal Processing Theory,Speech production mechanism - Nature of Speech signal - Discrete time modelling of Speech production - Classification of Speech sounds,Phones,Phonemes - Phonetic and Phonemic alphabets,Articulatory features. - Absolute Threshold of Hearing,Critical Bands - Simultaneous Masking, Masking,Asymmetry - The Spread of Masking,Non simultaneous Masking - Perceptual Entropy,Basic measuring philosophy - Subjective versus objective perceptual testing - The perceptual audio quality measure (PAQM) - Cognitive effects in judging audio quality.

Unit II - TIME-FREQUENCY ANALYSIS: FILTER BANKS AND TRANSFORMS
Introduction -Analysis-Synthesis Framework for M-band Filter Banks - Filter Banks for Audio Coding: Design Considerations - Quadrature Mirror and Conjugate Quadrature Filters - Tree Structured QMF and CQF M-band Banks - Cosine Modulated Pseudo QMF M-band Banks - Cosine Modulated Perfect Reconstruction (PR) - M-band Banksand the Modified Discrete Cosine - Transform (MDCT),Discrete Fourier and Discrete Cosine Transform - Pre-echo Distortion,Preecho Control Strategies.

Unit III - AUDIO CODING AND TRANSFORM CODERS
Lossless Audio Coding-Lossy Audio Coding - ISO-MPEG-1A,2A,2A Advaned , 4AudioCoding - Optimum Coding in the Frequency Domain - Perceptual Transform Coder,Brandenburg - Johnston Hybrid Coder,CNET Coders - Adaptive Spectral Entropy Coding - Differential Perceptual Audio Coder - DFT Noise Substitution,DCT with Vector Quantization - MDCT with Vector Quantization.

Unit IV - TIME AND FREQUENCY DOMAIN METHODS FOR SPEECH PROCESSING
Time domain parameters of Speech signal - Methods for extracting the parameters - Energy,Average Magnitude - Zero crossing Rate,Silence Discrimination using ZCRand energy - Short Time Fourier analysis,Formant extraction - Pitch Extraction using time and frequency domain methods. - HOMOMORPHIC SPEECH ANALYSIS:Cepstral analysis of Speech - Formant and Pitch Estimation,Homomorphic Vocoders

Unit V - LINEAR PREDICTIVE ANALYSIS OF SPEECH
Formulation of Linear Prediction problem in Time Domain - Basic Principle,Auto correlation method - Covariance method,Solution of LPC equations - Cholesky method Durbins Recursive algorithm - lattice formation and solutions - Comparison of different methods - Application of LPC parameters - Pitch detection using LPC parameters - Formant analysis ,VELP ,CELP.

1. Digital Audio Signal Processing, Second Edition, Udo Zölzer, A John Wiley& sons Ltd
Publicatioons
2. Applications of Digital Signal Processing to Audio And Acoustics Mark Kahrs, Karlheinz Brandenburg,
KLUWER ACADEMIC PUBLISHERS NEW YORK, BOSTON, DORDRECHT, L ONDON , MOSCOW
3. Digital Processing of Speech signals - L.R.Rabiner and R.W.Schaffer - Prentice Hall --1978


DS7201, Advanced Digi tal Image Processing

To understand the image fundamentals and mathematical transforms necessary for image
processing and to study the image enhancement techniques.
To understand the image segmentation and representation techniques.
To understand how image are analyzed to extract features of interest.
To introduce the concepts of image registration and image fusion.
To analyze the constraints in image processing when dealing with 3D data sets.

Unit I - FUNDAMENTALS OF DIGITAL IMAGE PROCESSING
Elements of visual perception - brightness,contrast, hue, saturation,mach band effect - 2D image transforms - DFT, DCT, KLT, and SVD - Image enhancement in spatial and frequency domain - Review of morphological image processing

Unit II - SEGMENTATION
Edge detection, Thresholding, Region growing - Fuzzy clustering, Watershed algorithm - Active contour methods - Texture feature based segmentation - Model based segmentation - Atlas based segmentation - Wavelet based Segmentation methods

Unit III - FEATURE EXTRACTION
First and second order edge detection operators - Phase congruency, Localized feature extraction detecting - Image curvature, shape features Hough transform - shape skeletonization, Boundary descriptors - Moments, Texture descriptors - Autocorrelation, Co-occurrence features - Runlength features, Fractal model based features - Gabor filter, wavelet features.

Unit IV - REGISTRATION AND IMAGE FUSION
Registration- Preprocessing - Feature selection-points, lines, regions and templates - Feature correspondence,Point pattern matching - Line matching, region matching Template matching. - Transformation functions,Similarity transformationand Affine Transformation. - Resampling- Nearest Neighbour and Cubic Splines - Image Fusion-Overview of image fusion - pixel fusion, Multiresolution based fusiondiscrete - wavelet transform, Curvelet transform, Region based fusion.

Unit V - 3D IMAGE VISUALIZATION
Sources of 3D Data sets - Slicing the Data set - Arbitrary section planes - The use of color,Volumetric display - Stereo Viewing, Ray tracing, Reflection - Surfaces, Multiply connected surfaces - Image processing in 3D, Measurements on 3D images.

1.John C.Russ, The Image Processing Handbook, CRC Press,2007.
2. Mark Nixon, Alberto Aguado, Feature Extraction and Image Processing, Academic Press,2008.
3. Ardeshir Goshtasby, 2D and 3D Image registration for Medical, Remote Sensing and
Industrial Applications,John Wiley and Sons,2005.
REFERENCE BOOKS
1. Rafael C. Gonzalez, Richard E. Woods, Digital Image Processing, Pearson,Education, Inc.,
Second Edition, 2004.
2. Anil K. Jain, Fundamentals of Digital Image Processing, Pearson Education,Inc., 2002.
3. Rick S.Blum, Zheng Liu,Multisensor image fusion and its Applications,Taylor& Francis,2006.


DS7202, Radar Signal Processing

To understand the Radar Signal acquisition and sampling in multiple domains
To provide clear instruction in radar DSP basics
To equip the skills needed in both design and analysis of common radar algorithms
To understand the basics of synthetic aperture imaging and adaptive array processing
To illustrate how theoretical results are derived and applied in practice

Unit I - INTRODUCTION TO RADAR SYSTEMS
History and application of radar - basic radar function - elements of pulsed radar - review of signal - processing concepts and operations - A preview of basic radar signal processing - radar system components - advanced radar signal processing

Unit II - SIGNAL MODELS
Components of a radar signal - amplitude models - types of clutters - noise model and signal-tonoise - ratio, jamming - frequency models: the doppler shift - spatial models, spectral model

Unit III - SAMPLING AND QUANTIZATION OF PULSED RADAR SIGNALS
Domains and criteria for sampling radar signals - Sampling in the fast time dimension - Sampling in slow time: selecting the pulse repetition interval - sampling the doppler spectrum - Sampling in the spatial and angle dimension - Quantization, I/Q Imbalance and Digital I/Q

Unit IV - RADAR WAVEFORMS
Introduction, The waveform matched filter - Matched filtering of moving targets - The ambiguity function, The pulse burst waveform - frequency-modulated pulse compression waveforms - Range sidelobe control for FM waveforms - The stepped frequency waveform - Phase-modulated pulse compression waveforms - COSTAS Frequency Codes.

Unit V - DOPPLER PROCESSING
Alternate forms of the Doppler spectrum - Moving target indication (MTI) - Pulse Doppler processing, dwell-to-dwell stagger - Pulse pair processing, additional Doppler processing issues - clutter mapping and the moving target detector - MTI for moving platforms: adaptive displaced - phase center antenna processing

1.Fundamentals of Radar Signal Processing, Mark A. Richards McGraw-Hill, New York, 2005
2. Principles of Radar and Sonar Signal Processing, Francois Le Chevalier, Artech House
3. Radar systems, Peak Detection and Tracking, Michael O Kolawole ,2010,Elseveir
4. Introduction To Radar Systems 3/E, Skolnik, McGraw Hill.
5. Radar Principles, Peyton Z. Peebles, 2009 Wiley India
6. Radar Design Principles-Signal Processing and the environment, Fred E. Nathanson, PHI


CU7211, Innovative System Design Laboratory

COURSE OBJECTIVES:
1.To encourage the students to identify socially relevant problems,
2.To enable him to think of creative solutions for the same,
3.To design and conduct suitable experiments, as well as to analyze and interpret data
to produce meaningful conclusions and match with theoretical concepts,
4.To enable the student to appreciate the practical aspects of system design and understand
the associated challenges.
5.To help him develop low cost proof of concept system prototype.
METHODOLOGY:
Students could form teams not exceeding 2 members,
Students should submit / present their ideas to the Lab-in-Charge and get it approved,
Student should submit proposal with system/ technical details and cost implications,
Students should periodically demonstrate the progress they have made.
EVALUATION:
Students should be evaluated on the basis of the following:
o Social relevance of their work
o Utility of the system developed
o Level of proof of concept
o Industry support if obtained, etc.
COURSE OUTCOMES:
1. The student would be able to identify socially relevant issues and apply his knowledge to evolve
feasible solutions.
2. The student would be able to comprehensively record and report the measured data, write
reports, communicate research ideas and do oral presentations effectively.



Unit I - To encourage the students to identify socially relevant problems.
To enable him to think of creative solutions for the same. - To design and conduct suitable experiments, as well as to analyze and interpret data to produce meaningful conclusions and match with theoretical concepts. - To enable the student to appreciate the practical aspects of system design and understand the associated challenges. - To help him develop low cost proof of concept system prototype.

Books information not available


 

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2011 CSE VI SEM -BE CURRICULUM AND SYLLABUS

Curriculum and Syllabus: B.E.2011 CSE, AUC 2011
Semester: 6

CS2351, Artificial Intelligence

To learn the basics of designing intelligent agents that can solve general purpose problems, represent and process knowledge, plan and act, reason under uncertainty and can learn from experiences


Unit I - PROBLEM SOLVING
Introduction - Agents - Problem formulation - uninformed search strategies - heuristics - informed - search strategies - constraint satisfaction

Unit II - LOGICAL REASONING
Logical agents - propositional logic - inferences - first-order logic - inferences in first order logic - forward chaining - backward chaining - unification - resolution

Unit III - PLANNING
Planning with state-space search - partial-order planning - planning graphs - planning and acting in the real world

Unit IV - UNCERTAIN KNOWLEDGE AND REASONING
Uncertainty - review of probability - probabilistic Reasoning - Bayesian networks - inferences in Bayesian networks - Temporal models - Hidden Markov models

Unit V - LEARNING
Learning from observation - Inductive learning - Decision trees - Explanation based learning - Statistical Learning methods - Reinforcement Learning

TEXT BOOK
1. S. Russel and P. Norvig, "Artificial Intelligence - A Modern Approach", Second Edition, Pearson Education, 2003.

REFERENCES
1. David Poole, Alan Mack worth, Randy Goebel, "Computational Intelligence : a logical approach", Oxford University Press, 2004.
2. G. Luger, "Artificial Intelligence: Structures and Strategies for complex problem solving", Fourth Edition, Pearson Education, 2002.
3. J. Nilsson, "Artificial Intelligence: A new Synthesis", Elsevier Publishers, 1998.
4. R.B.Mishra, "Artificial Intelligence", PHI Learning India, 2011


CS2352, Principles of Compiler Design

Subject Introduction / Notes not available

Unit I - LEXICAL ANALYSIS
Introduction to Compiling - Compilers - Analysis of the source program - The phases - Cousins - The grouping of phases - Compiler construction tools. - The role of the lexical analyzer - Input buffering - Specification of tokens - Recognition of tokens - A language for specifying lexical analyzer

Unit II - SYNTAX ANALYSIS and RUN-TIME ENVIRONMENTS
Syntax Analysis - The role of the parser - Context-free grammars - Writing a grammar - Top-down parsing - Bottom-up Parsing - LR parsers - Constructing an SLR(1) parsing table - Type Checking - Type Systems - Specification of a simple type checker - Run-Time Environments - Source language issues - Storage organization - Storage-allocation strategies.

Unit III - INTERMEDIATE CODE GENERATION
Intermediate languages - Declarations - Assignment statements - Boolean expressions - Case statements - Backpatching - Procedure calls

Unit IV - CODE GENERATION
Issues in the design of a code generator - The target machine - Run-time storage management - Basic blocks and flow graphs - Next-use information - A simple code generator - Register allocation and assignment - The dag representation of basic blocks - Generating code from dags.

Unit V - CODE OPTIMIZATION
Introduction - The principle sources of optimization - Peephole optimization - Optimization of basic blocks - Loops in flow graphs - Introduction to global data-flow analysis - Code improving transformations.

TEXT BOOK:
1. Alfred V. Aho, Ravi Sethi Jeffrey D. Ullman, -Compilers- Principles, Techniques, and Tools-, Pearson Education Asia, 2007.
REFERENCES:
1. David Galles, -Modern Compiler Design-, Pearson Education Asia, 2007
2. Steven S. Muchnick, -Advanced Compiler Design & Implementation-, Morgan Kaufmann Pulishers, 2000.
3. C. N. Fisher and R. J. LeBlanc -Crafting a Compiler with C-, Pearson Education, 2000.


CS2353, Object Oriented Analysis and Design

OBJECTIVES:
To learn basic OO analysis and design skills through an elaborate case study
To use the UML design diagrams
To apply the appropriate design patterns


Unit I - Introduction to OOAD
What is OOAD? - What is UML? What are the United process(UP) phases - Case study-the NextGen POS system, Inception - Use case Modeling - Relating Use cases - include, extend and generalization.

Unit II - Elaboration
Domain Models - Finding conceptual classes and description classes - Associations - Attributes - Domain model refinement - Finding conceptual class hierarchies - Aggregation and Composition - UML activity diagrams and modeling

Unit III - System sequence diagrams
Relationship between sequence diagrams and use cases - Logical architecture and UML package diagram - Logical architecture refinement - UML class diagrams - UML interaction diagrams

Unit IV - GRASP: Designing objects with responsibilities
Creator ? Information expert - Low Coupling - Controller - High Cohesion - Designing for visibility - Applying GoF design patterns - adapter, singleton, factory and observer patterns.

Unit V - UML state diagrams and modeling
Operation contracts- Mapping design to code - UML deployment and component diagrams

TEXT BOOK :
1. Craig Larman,"Applying UML and Patterns: An Introduction to object-oriented Analysis and Design and iterative development-, Third Edition, Pearson Education,2005
REFERENCES:
1. Mike O-Docherty, -Object-Oriented Analysis & Design: Understanding System Development with UML 2.0-, John Wiley & Sons, 2005.
2. James W- Cooper, Addison-Wesley, -Java Design Patterns - A Tutorial-, 2000.
3. Micheal Blaha, James Rambaugh, -Object-Oriented Modeling and Design with UML-,Second Edition, Prentice Hall of India Private Limited, 2007
4. Erich Gamma, Richard Helm, Ralph Johnson, John Vlissides,-Design patterns:Elements of Reusable object-oriented software-, Addison-Wesley, 1995.


CS2354, Advanced Computer Architecture

Subject Introduction / Notes not available

Unit I - INSTRUCTION LEVEL PARALLELISM
ILP - Concepts and challenges - Hardware and software approaches - Dynamic scheduling - Speculation - Compiler techniques for exposing ILP - Branch prediction.

Unit II - MULTIPLE ISSUE PROCESSORS
VLIW & EPIC - Advanced compiler support - Hardware support for exposing parallelism - Hardware versus software speculation mechanisms - - IA 64 and Itanium processors - Limits on ILP.

Unit III - MULTIPROCESSORS AND THREAD LEVEL PARALLELISM
Symmetric and distributed shared memory architectures - Performance issues - Synchronization - Models of memory consistency - Introduction to Multithreading.

Unit IV - MEMORY AND I/O
Cache performance - Reducing cache miss penalty and miss rate - Reducing hit time - Main memory and performance - Memory technology. Types of storage devices - Buses - RAID - Reliability, availability and dependability - I/O performance measures - Designing an I/O system.

Unit V - MULTI-CORE ARCHITECTURES
Software and hardware multithreading - SMT and CMP architectures - Design issues - Case studies - Intel Multi-core architecture - SUN CMP architecture - heterogenous multi-core processors - case study: IBM Cell Processor.

TEXT BOOK:
1. John L. Hennessey and David A. Patterson, - Computer architecture - A quantitative approach-, Morgan Kaufmann / Elsevier Publishers, 4th. edition, 2007.
REFERENCES:
1. David E. Culler, Jaswinder Pal Singh, -Parallel computing architecture : A hardware/software approach- , Morgan Kaufmann /Elsevier Publishers, 1999.
2. Kai Hwang and Zhi.Wei Xu, -Scalable Parallel Computing-, Tata McGraw Hill, New Delhi, 2003.


IT2353, Elective III

CS2029, Advanced Database Technology

Subject Introduction / Notes not available

Unit I - RELATIONAL MODEL ISSUES
ER Model - Normalization - Query Processing - Query Optimization - Transaction - Processing - Concurrency Control - Recovery - Database Tuning.

Unit II - DISTRIBUTED DATABASES
Parallel Databases - Inter and Intra Query Parallelism - Distributed Database Features - Distributed Database Architecture - Fragmentation - Distributed Query Processing - Distributed Transactions Processing - Concurrency Control - Recovery - Commit Protocols.

Unit III - OBJECT ORIENTED DATABASES
Introduction to Object Oriented Data Bases - Approaches - Modeling and Design - Persistence - Query Languages - Transaction - Concurrency - Multi Version Locks - Recovery - POSTGRES - JASMINE - GEMSTONE - ODMG Model.

Unit IV - EMERGING SYSTEMS
Enhanced Data Models - Client/Server Model - Data Warehousing and Data Mining - Web Databases - Mobile Databases - XML and Web Databases.

Unit V - CURRENT ISSUES
Rules - Knowledge Bases - Active and Deductive Databases - Multimedia Databases - Multimedia Data Structures - Multimedia Query languages - Spatial Databases.

TEXT BOOKS:
1. Thomas Connolly and Carlolyn Begg, Database Systems, A Practical Approach to Design, Implementation and Management, Third Edition, Pearson Education 2003.
REFERENCES:
1. R. Elmasri, S.B. Navathe, Fundamentals of Database Systems, Fifth Edition, Pearson Education, 2006.
2. Abraham Silberschatz, Henry F. Korth, S. Sudharshan, Database System Concepts, Fifth Edition, Tata McGraw Hill, 2006.
3. C.J.Date, A.Kannan, S.Swamynathan, An Introduction to Database Systems, Eighth Edition, Pearson Education, 2006.


IT2353, Web Technology

Subject Introduction / Notes not available

Unit I - Web Essentials
Clients, Servers, and Communication. - The Internet - Basic Internet Protocols - The World Wide Web - HTTP request message - response message - Web Clients Web Servers - Case Study - Markup Languages: XHTML - An Introduction to HTML - History-Versions-Basic XHTML Syntax and Semantics - Some Fundamental HTML Elements - Relative URLs - Lists-tables-Frames-Forms - XML Creating HTML Documents - Case Study

Unit II - Style Sheets
CSS-Introduction to Cascading Style Sheets - Features-Core Syntax-Style - Sheets and HTML Style Rle Cascading and Inheritance- - Text Properties- - Box Model - Normal Flow Box Layout- - Beyond the Normal Flow- - Other Properties-Case Study. - Client-Side Programming: The JavaScript Language- - History and Versions - Introduction JavaScript in Perspective- - Syntax-Variables and Data Types- - Statements-Operators - Literals-Functions- - Objects-Arrays-Built-in Objects- - JavaScript Debuggers.

Unit III - Host Objects
Browsers and the DOM- - Introduction to the Document Object Model DOM - History and Levels- - Intrinsic Event Handling- - Modifying Element Style- - The DocumentTree- - DOM Event Handling- - Accommodating Noncompliant Browsers Properties of window- - Case Study. - Server-Side Programming: Java Servlets- Architecture - Overview-A Servelet-Generating Dynamic Content- - Life Cycle- Parameter Data- - Sessions-Cookies - URL Rewriting-Other Capabilities - Data Storage Servlets and Concurrency- - Case Study-Related Technologies.

Unit IV - Representing Web Data
XML-Documents and Vocabularies- - Versions and Declaration- - Namespaces JavaScript and XML: - Ajax-DOM based XML processing Event-oriented Parsing: - SAX-Transforming XML Documents-Selecting XML Data:XPATH-Template- - based Transformations: X - SLT-Displaying XML Documments in Browsers-Case Study- - Related Technologies. Separating Programming and Presentation: - JSP Technology - Introduction-JSP and Servlets- - Running JSP Applications Basic JSP- - JavaBeans Classes and JSP- - Tag Libraries and Files- - Support for the Model- - View-Controller Paradigm- - Case Study-Related Technologies.

Unit V - Web Services
JAX- - RPC-Concepts- - Writing a Java Web Service- - Writing a Java Web - Service Client- - Describing Web Services: WSDL- - Representing Data Types: - XML Schema- - Communicating Object Data: - SOAP Related Technologies- - Software Installation- - Storing Java Objects as Files- - Databases and Java Servlets.

TEXT BOOK:
1. Jeffrey C. Jackson, "Web Technologies--A Computer Science Perspective", Pearson
Education, 2006.
REFERENCES:
1. Robert. W. Sebesta, "Programming the World Wide Web", Fourth Edition, Pearson
Education, 2007 .
2. Deitel, Deitel, Goldberg, "Internet & World Wide Web How To Program", Third
Edition, Pearson Education, 2006.
3. Marty Hall and Larry Brown,"Core Web Programming" Second Edition, Volume I and
II, Pearson Education, 2001.
4. Bates, "Developing Web Applications", Wiley, 2006.


CS2357, Object Oriented Analysis and Design Lab

To develop a mini-project following the 12 exercises listed below.
1. To develop a problem statement.
2. Develop an IEEE standard SRS document. Also develop risk management and project plan (Gantt chart).
3. Identify Use Cases and develop the Use Case model.
4. Identify the business activities and develop an UML Activity diagram.
5. Identity the conceptual classes and develop a domain model with UML Class diagram.
6. Using the identified scenarios find the interaction between objects and represent them using UML Interaction diagrams.
7. Draw the State Chart diagram.
8. Identify the User Interface, Domain objects, and Technical services. Draw the
partial layered, logical architecture diagram with UML package diagram notation.
9. Implement the Technical services layer.
10. Implement the Domain objects layer.
11. Implement the User Interface layer.
12. Draw Component and Deployment diagrams.


Unit I - Suggested domains for Mini-project.
1. Passport automation system. - 2. Book bank - 3. Exam Registration - 4. Stock maintenance system. - 5. Online course reservation system - 6. E-ticketing - 7. Software personnel management system - 8. Credit card processing - 9. e-book management system - 10. Recruitment system - 11. Foreign trading system - 12. Conference Management System - 13. BPO Management System

Suggested SoftwareTools
1. ArgoUML, Eclipse IDE, Visual Paradigm, Visual case, and Rational Suite


CS2358, Internet Programming Lab

Subject Introduction / Notes not available

Unit I - Exercise (1&2)
1.Create a web page with the following using HTML - i) To embed an image map in a web page - ii) To fix the hot spots - iii) Show all the related information when the hot spots are clicked - 2.Create a web page with all types of Cascading style sheets

Unit II - Exercise (3&4)
3. Client Side Scripts for Validating Web Form Controls using DHTML - 4. Write programs in Jave to create applets incorporating the following features

Unit III - Exercise (5&6)
5. Create a color palette with matrix of buttons. Set background and foreground of the control text area by selecting a color from color palette. In order to select Foreground or background use check box control as radio buttons to set background images. - 6. Write programs in Java using Servlets: To invoke servlets from HTML forms - To invoke servlets from Applets

Unit IV - Exercise (7&8)
7. Write programs in Java to create three-tier applications using JSP and Databases, - for conducting on-line examination, - for displaying student mark list. Assume that student information is available in a database which has been stored in a database server - 8. Programs using XML - Schema - XSLT/XSL

Unit V - Exercise (9&10)
9. Programming using AJAX - 10.Consider a case where we have towo web Services - an airline service and a travel agent and the travel agent is searching for an airline. Implement this scenario using Web Services and Data base

Books information not available


GE2321-CSE, Communication Skills Lab

OBJECTIVES:
1.To equip students of engineering and technology with effective speaking and
listening skills in English.
2.To help them develop their soft skills and interpersonal skills, which will make the
transition from college to workplace smoother and help them excel in their job.
3.To enhance the performance of students at Placement Interviews, Group
Discussions and other recruitment exercises.


Unit I - PC based session
Listening Comprehension: - Listening and typing - Listening and sequencing of sentences - Filling in the blanks - Listening and answering questions.

Unit II - Reading Comprehension:
Filling in the blanks - Close exercises - Vocabulary building - Reading and answering - questions.

Unit III - Speaking:
Phonetics: Intonation - Ear training - Correct Pronunciation - Sound recognition - exercises ? Common Errors in English. - Conversations: Face to Face Conversation - Telephone conversation - Role play - activities (Students take on roles and engage in conversation) - Discussion of audio-visual materials - B.Discussion of audio-visual materials

Unit IV - Discussion of audio-visual materials
Resume / Report Preparation / Letter Writing - Structuring the resume / report - Letter writing / Email Communication - Samples.

Unit V - Presentation skills:
Elements of effective presentation - Structure of presentation - Presentation tools - Voice Modulation - Audience analysis - Body language - Video samples

Unit VI - Soft Skills:
Time management - Articulateness - Assertiveness - Psychometrics - Innovation and Creativity - Stress Management & Poise - Video Samples

Unit VII - Group Discussion:
Why is GD part of selection process ? - Structure of GD - Moderator - led and other GDs - Strategies in GD - Team work - Body Language - Mock GD -Video - samples

Unit VIII - Interview Skills:
Kinds of interviews - Required Key Skills - Corporate culture - Mock interviews- - Video samples.

Unit IX - Practice Session
1.Resume / Report Preparation / Letter writing: Students prepare their - own resume and report. - 2. Presentation Skills: Students make presentations on given topics. - 3. Group Discussion: Students participate in group discussions. - 4. Interview Skills: Students participate in Mock Interviews

REFERENCES:
1. Anderson, P.V, Technical Communication, Thomson Wadsworth , Sixth
Edition, New Delhi, 2007.
2. Prakash, P, Verbal and Non-Verbal Reasoning, Macmillan India Ltd.,
Second Edition, New Delhi, 2004.
3. John Seely, The Oxford Guide to Writing and Speaking, Oxford
University Press, New Delhi, 2004.
4. Evans, D, Decisionmaker, Cambridge University Press, 1997.
5. Thorpe, E, and Thorpe, S, Objective English, Pearson Education,
Second Edition, New Delhi, 2007.
6. Turton, N.D and Heaton, J.B, Dictionary of Common Errors, Addision
Wesley Longman Ltd., Indian reprint 1998.


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2013 ECE I SEM- ME Curriculum and Syllabus

Curriculum and Syllabus: M.E. 2013 ECE, AUC 2013
Semester: 01

 


Curriculum and Syllabus: M.E. 2013 14MCS, AUC 2013
Semester: 1

MA7158, Applied Mathematics for Communication Engineers

To develop the ability to use the concepts of Linear algebra and Special functions for solving problems related to Networks.

To formulate and construct a mathematical model for a linear programming problem in real life situation;

To expose the students to solve ordinary differential equations by various techniques.

Unit I - LINEAR ALGEBRA
Vector spaces - norms, Inner Products - Eigenvalues using QR transformations - QR factorization - generalized eigenvectors - Canonical forms, singular value decomposition and applications - pseudo inverse, least square approximations - Toeplitz matrices and some applications.

Unit II - LINEAR PROGRAMMING
Formulation - Graphical solution - Simplex method - Two phase method - Transportation - Assignment Models

Unit III - ORDINARY DIFFERENTIAL EQUATIONS
Runge Kutta Methods for system of IVPs - numerical stability - Adams-Bashforth multistep method - solution of stiff ODEs, shooting method - BVP: Finite difference method - Orthogonal collocation method, orthogonal collocation with finite element method - Galerkin finite element method.

Unit IV - TWO DIMENSIONAL RANDOM VARIABLES
Joint distributions - Marginal and Conditional distributions - Functions of two dimensional random variables - Regression Curve - Correlation.

Unit V - QUEUEING MODELS
Poisson Process - Markovian queues - Single and Multi-server Models - Little?s formula - Machine Interference Model - Steady State analysis - Self Service queue.

1. Richard Bronson, Gabriel B.Costa, Linear Algebra, Academic Press, Second Edition,2007.
2. Richard Johnson, Miller & Freund, Probability and Statistics for Engineers,7th Edition, Prentice Hall of India, Private Ltd., New Delhi (2007).
3. Taha H.A., Operations Research: An introduction, Pearson Education Asia,New Delhi, Ninth Edition, 2012.
4. Donald Gross and Carl M. Harris, Fundamentals of Queueing Theory, 2nd edition,John Wiley and Sons, New York (1985).
5. Moon, T.K., Sterling, W.C., Mathematical methods and algorithms for signal processing, Pearson Education, 2000.


CU7101, Advanced Radiation Systems

Subject Introduction / Notes not available

Unit I - unit 1 ANTENNA FUNDAMENTALS
Antenna fundamental parameters - Radiation integrals - Radiation from surface and line current distributions dipole, monopole, loop antenna - Mobile phone antenna- base station, hand set antenna - Image - Induction reciprocity theorem - Broadband antennas and matching techniques - Balance to unbalance transformer - Introduction to numerical techniques.

Unit II - unit 2 RADIATION FROM APERTURES
Field equivalence principle - Radiation from Rectangular and Circular apertures - Uniform aperture distribution on an infinite ground plane - Slot antenna - Horn antenna - Reflector antenna - aperture blockage and design consideration

Unit III - unit 3 ARRAYS
Introduction - General structure of phased array - linear array theory - variation of gain as a function of pointing direction - effects of phase quantization - frequency scanned arrays - analog beam forming matrices-Active modules and digital beam forming - MEMS technology in phased arrays- Retro directive and self phased arrays.

Unit IV - unit 4 MICRO STRIP ANTENNA
Radiation Mechanism from patch - Excitation techniques - Microstrip dipole - Rectangular patch Circular patch and Ring antenna - Radiation analysis from transmission line model cavity model - Input impedance of rectangular and circular patch antenna - Microstrip array and feed network - Application of microstrip array antenna.

Unit V - unit 5 EMC ANTENNA AND ANTENNA MEASUREMENTS
Concept of EMC measuring antenna - Receiver and Transmitter antenna factors - Log periodic dipole - Biconical Ridge guide Multi turn loop - Antenna measurement and instrumentation - Gain Impedance and antenna factor measurement - Antenna test range Design.

1. Hubregt.J.Visser -Antenna Theory and Applications 1st Edition, John Wiley & Sons Ltd,Newyork,2012.
2. Zhijun Zhang Antenna Design for Mobile Devices 1st Edition, John Wiley & Sons (Asia) Ltd,Newyork,2011.
3. Xavier Begaud, Ultra Wide Band Antennas , 1st Edition, ISTE Ltd and John Wiley & Sons Ltd,Newyork,2013.
4. Balanis.A, Antenna Theory Analysis and Design, John Wiley and Sons, New York,1982.
5. Krauss.J.D, -Antennas-, II edition, John Wiley and sons, New York, 1997.
6. I.J. Bahl and P. Bhartia, Microstrip Antennas,Artech House,Inc.,1980
7. W.L.Stutzman and G.A.Thiele,Antenna Theory and Design, 2nd Edition, John Wiley& Sons Inc.,1998.
8. S.Drabowitch et.al.:, Modern Antennas, 2nd Edition Springer science business Media,Inc.2005.


CU7102, Advanced Digital Communication Techniques

objective
To understand the basics of signal-space analysis and digital transmission.
To understand the coherent and noncoherent receivers and its impact on different channel characteristics.
To understand Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing.
To understand the different block coded and convolutional coded digital communication systems.
To understand the different Equalizers.

Unit I - COHERENT AND NON-COHERENT COMMUNICATION
Coherent receivers, Optimum receivers in WGN - IQ modulation & demodulation - Noncoherent receivers in random phase channels, MFSK receivers - Rayleigh and Rician channels - Partially coherent receivers DPSK, M-PSK,M-DPSK - BER Performance Analysis - Carrier Synchronization, Bit synchronization.

Unit II - UNIT II EQUALIZATION TECHNIQUES
Band Limited Channels, ISI - Nyquist Criterion, Controlled ISI - Partial Response signals - Equalization algorithms, Viterbi Algorithm - Linear equalizer - Decision feedback equalization - Adaptive Equalization algorithms

Unit III - BLOCK CODED DIGITAL COMMUNICATION
Architecture and performance of Binary block codes - Orthogonal, Biorthogonal, Transorthogonal - Shannon s channel coding theorem, Channel capacity, Matched filter - Concepts of Spread spectrum communication - Coded BPSK and DPSK demodulators - Linear block codes, Hammning, Golay, Cyclic - BCH , Reed Solomon codes and Space time block codes

Unit IV - CONVOLUTIONAL CODED DIGITAL COMMUNICATION
Representation of codes using Polynomial, State diagram, Tree diagram, and Trellis diagram - Decoding techniques using Maximum likelihood, Viterbi algorithm - Decoding techniques using Sequential and Threshold methods - Error probability performance for BPSK and Viterbi algorithm - Turbo Coding.

Unit V - OFDM
Generation of sub-carriers using the IFFT - Guard Time and Cyclic Extension - Windowing - OFDM signal processing - Peak Power Problem PAP reduction schemes Clipping, Filtering - PAP reduction schemes Coding and Scrambling

1. M.K.Simon, S.M.Hinedi and W.C.Lindsey, Digital communication techniques; Signalling and
detection, Prentice Hall India, New Delhi. 1995.
2. Simon Haykin, Digital communications, John Wiley and sons, 1998
3. Bernard Sklar., Digital Communications, second edition, Pearson Education,2001.
4. John G. Proakis., Digital Communication, 4 th edition, Mc Graw Hill Publication, 2001
5. Theodore S.Rappaport., Wireless Communications, 2nd edition, Pearson Education, 2002.
6. Stephen G. Wilson., Digital Modulation and Coding, First Indian Reprint ,Pearson Education,2003.
7. Richard Van Nee & Ramjee Prasad., OFDM for Multimedia Communications Artech House
Publication,2001.


AP7101, Advanced Digital Signal Processing

COURSE OBJECTIVES:
The purpose of this course is to provide in-depth treatment on methods and techniques in
- Discrete-time signal transforms, digital filter design, optimal filtering
- Power spectrum estimation, multi-rate digital signal processing
- DSP architectures which are of importance in the areas of signal processing, control and communications.
COURSE OUTCOMES:
Students should be able to:
- To design adaptive filters for a given application
- To design multirate DSP systems.Subject Introduction / Notes not available

Unit I - unit 1 DISCRETE RANDOM SIGNAL PROCESSING
Weiner Khitchine relation - Power spectral density - filtering random process - Spectral Factorization Theorem - Special types of random process - Signal modeling- Least Squares method - Pade approximation - Prony?s method - iterative Pre-filtering - Finite Data records - Stochastic Models. -

Unit II - unit 2 SPECTRUM ESTIMATION
Non-Parametric methods - Correlation method - Co-variance estimator - Performance analysis of estimators - Unbiased consistent estimators - Periodogram estimator - Barlett spectrum estimation - Welch estimation - Model based approach-AR, MA, ARMA Signal modeling - Parameter estimation using Yule-Walker method. -

Unit III - unit 3 LINEAR ESTIMATION AND PREDICTION
Maximum likelihood criterion - Efficiency of estimator - Least mean squared error criterion - Wiener filter - Discrete Wiener Hoff equations - Recursive estimators - Kalman filter - Linear prediction, Prediction error - Whitening filter, Inverse filter - Levinson recursion, Lattice realization, - Levinson recursion algorithm for solving Toeplitz system of equations

Unit IV - unit 4 ADAPTIVE FILTERS
FIR Adaptive filters - Newton's steepest descent method - Adaptive filters based on steepest descent method - Widrow Hoff LMS Adaptive algorithm - Adaptive channel equalization - Adaptive echo canceller - Adaptive noise cancellation - RLS Adaptive filters - Exponentially weighted RLS - Sliding window RLS - Simplified IIR LMS Adaptive filter.

Unit V - unit 5 MULTIRATE DIGITAL SIGNAL PROCESSING
Mathematical description of change of sampling rate - Interpolation and Decimation - Continuous time model - Direct digital domain approach - Decimation by integer factor - Interpolation by an integer factor - Single and multistage realization - Poly phase realization - Applications to sub band coding - Wavelet transform and filter bank implementation of wavelet expansion of signals

1. Monson H. Hayes, ?Statistical Digital Signal Processing and Modeling?, John Wiley and Sons Inc., New York, 2006.
2. Sophoncles J. Orfanidis, ?Optimum Signal Processing ?, McGraw-Hill, 2000.
3. John G. Proakis, Dimitris G. Manolakis, ?Digital Signal Processing?, Prentice Hall of India, New Delhi, 2005.
4. Simon Haykin, ?Adaptive Filter Theory?, Prentice Hall, Englehood Cliffs, NJ1986.
5. S. Kay,? Modern spectrum Estimation theory and application?, Prentice Hall, Englehood Cliffs, NJ1988.
6. P. P. Vaidyanathan, ?Multirate Systems and Filter Banks?, Prentice Hall, 1992.


CU7103, Optical Networks

The purpose of this course is to provide in-depth knowledge on systems pertaining to optical networks. In that :
1. Optical System Components and architectures
2. Wavelength Routing, Packet Switching and Access Networks
3. Network Design and Management
are covered

Unit I - unit 1 OPTICAL SYSTEM COMPONENTS
Light propagation in optical fibers, Loss & bandwidth,System limitations, - Non-Linear effects, Solutions - Optical Network Components, Couplers, Isolators and Circulators - Multiplexers and Filters - Optical Amplifiers, Switches, Wavelength Converters

Unit II - unit 2 OPTICAL NETWORK ARCHITECTURES
Introduction to Optical Networks SONET and SDH standards,Metropoliton Area Networks - Layered Architecture,Broadcast and Select Networks - Topologies for Broadcast Networks - Media Access Control Protocols,Testbeds for Broadcast - Select WDM,Wavelength Routing Architecture

Unit III - unit 3 WAVELENGTH ROUTING NETWORKS
The optical layer, Node Designs, Optical layer cost tradeoff - Routing and wavelength Assignment[RWA] - Virtual topology design - Wavelength Routing Testbeds - Architectural variations.

Unit IV - unit 4 PACKET SWITCHING AND ACCESS NETWORKS
Photonic Packet Switching, OTDM, Multiplexing and Demultiplexing - Synchronisation, - Broadcast OTDM networks, Switch-based networks,Access Networks - Network Architecture overview, OTDM networks - Optical Access Network Architectures, Future Access Networks

Unit V - unit 5 NETWORK DESIGN AND MANAGEMENT
Transmission System Engineering, System model,Power penalty - Transmitter, receiver, Optical amplifiers - crosstalk, dispersion - Wavelength stabilization - Overall design considerations - Control and Management,Network management functions, Configuration management, - Performance management, Fault management, Optical safety, Service interface

1. Rajiv Ramaswami and Kumar N. Sivarajan, Optical Networks A Practical Perspective,
Harcourt Asia Pte Ltd., Second Edition 2004.
2. C. Siva Ram Moorthy and Mohan Gurusamy, WDM Optical Networks Concept, Design and
Algorithms, Prentice Hall of India, Ist Edition, 2002.
3. Biswanath Mukherjee, Optical Communication Networks Mc GrawHill 1997, First Edition
ISBN 0 07 044435 8.
4. P.E. Green, Jr., Fiber Optic Networks, Prentice Hall, NJ, 1993.
5. Rajiv Ramaswami and Kumar N. Sivarajan, Optical Networks A Practical Perspective,
Harcourt Asia Pte Ltd., First Edition 2004


AP7202, ASIC and FPGA Design

To study the design flow of different types of ASIC.
To familiarize the different types of programming technologies and logic devices.
To learn the architecture of different types of FPGA.
To gain knowledge about partitioning, floor planning, placement and routing including circuit extraction of ASIC
To analyse the synthesis, Simulation and testing of systems.
To understand the design issues of SOC.
To know about different high performance algorithms and its applications in ASICsubject Introduction / Notes not available

Unit I - unit 1 OVERVIEW OF ASIC AND PLD
Types of ASICs - Design flow - CAD tools used in ASIC Design - Programming Technologies Antifuse, static RAM, EPROM and EEPROM technology - Programmable Logic Devices ROMs and EPROMs, PLA, PAL - Gate Arrays CPLDs and FPGAs

Unit II - unit 2 ASIC PHYSICAL DESIGN
System partition, - partitioning and partitioning methods - interconnect delay models and measurement of delay - floor planning, placement - Routing global routing, detailed routing and special routing - circuit extraction and DRC

Unit III - unit 3 LOGIC SYNTHESIS, SIMULATION AND TESTING
Digital systems - Logic Synthesis - Half gate ASIC - Schematic entry and Low level design language - PLA tools - EDIF, CFI design representation - Verilog and logic synthesis - VHDL and logic synthesis - types of simulation - boundary scan test - fault simulation and automatic test pattern generation.

Unit IV - unit 4 FPGA
Field Programmable gate arrays Logic blocks, routing architecture - Design flow technology mapping for FPGAs - Xilinx XC4000, ALTERA?s FLEX 8000/10000, ACTEL?s ACT-1,2,3 and their speed performance - Case studies Altera MAX 5000 and 7000, Altera MAX 9000, Spartan II and Virtex II FPGAs, Apex and Cyclone FPGAs

Unit V - unit 5 SOC DESIGN
Design Methodologies Processes and Flows - Embedded software development for SOC - Techniques for SOC Testing - Configurable SOC - Hardware and Software codesign - Case studies Digital camera, Bluetooth radio and modem, SDRAM and USB

1. M.J.S .Smith, "Application Specific Integrated Circuits, Addison -Wesley Longman Inc., 1997
2. S. Trimberger, Field Programmable Gate Array Technology, Edr, Kluwer Academic Publications, 1994.
3. John V.Oldfield, Richard C Dore, Field Programmable Gate Arrays, Wiley Publications 1995.
4. P.K.Chan & S. Mourad, Digital Design Using Field Programmable Gate Array, Prentice Hall, 1994.
5. Parag.K.Lala, Digital System Design using Programmable Logic Devices , BSP, 2003.
6. S. Brown, R. Francis, J. Rose, Z. Vransic, Field Programmable Gate Array, Kluwer Pubin, 1992.
7. J. Old Field, R.Dorf, Field Programmable Gate Arrays, John Wiley & Sons, Newyork, 1995.
8. Farzad Nekoogar and Faranak Nekoogar, From ASICs to SOCs: A Practical Approach,Prentice Hall PTR, 2003.
9. Wayne Wolf, FPGA-Based System Design, Prentice Hall PTR, 2004.
10. R. Rajsuman, System-on-a-Chip Design and Test. Santa Clara, CA: Artech House Publishers,2000.
11. F. Nekoogar. Timing Verification of Application-Specific Integrated Circuits (ASICs). Prentice Hall PTR, 1999


ELECTIVE-I, Elective I

AP7103, Advanced Microprocessor and Microcontroller

OBJECTIVES:
To familiarize the fundamental concepts of microprocessor architecture.
To gain knowledge about high performance CISC and RISC architectures.
To study about 8 bit Microcontrollers viz. 68HC11 and PIC.


Unit I - OVERVIEW
Generic Architecture,Instruction Set, Data formats - Addressing modes,Memory hierarchy register file ,Cache , Virtual memory and paging - Segmentation, pipelining ,the instruction pipeline - pipeline hazards ,instruction level parallelism reduced instruction set - Computer principles ,RISC versus CISC.

Unit II - HIGH PERFORMANCE CISC ARCHITECTURE ? PENTIUM
CPU Architecture, Bus Operations , Pipelining - Brach predication , floating point unit,Operating Modes - Paging , Multitasking , Exception and Interrupts , - Instruction set ,addressing modes ,Programming the Pentium processor.

Unit III - HIGH PERFORMANCE RISC ARCHITECTURE ? ARM
Organization of CPU , Bus architecture ,Memory management unit , ARM instruction set - Thumb Instruction set, addressing modes , Programming the ARM processor 6

Unit IV - MOTOROLA 68HC11 MICROCONTROLLERS
Instruction set addressing modes , operating modes, - Communication Interface , A/D Converter PWM and UART. - Interrupt system,RTC-Serial.

Unit V - PIC MICROCONTROLLER
CPU Architecture , Instruction set , interrupts, Timers - I2C Interfacing ,UART, A/D Converter - PWM and introduction to C-Compilers.

REFERENCES:
1. Daniel Tabak, Advanced Microprocessors McGraw Hill.Inc., 1995 (recent edition)
2. James L. Antonakos , The Pentium Microprocessor Pearson Education , 1997.
3. Steve Furber , ARM System ?On ?Chip architecture Addision Wesley, 2000.
4. Gene .H.Miller.Micro Computer Engineering, Pearson Education, 2003.
5. John .B.Peatman , Design with PIC Microcontroller , Prentice hall, 1997.
6. James L.Antonakos ,An Introduction to the Intel family of Microprocessors Pearson Education 1999.
7. Barry.B.Breg,The Intel Microprocessors Architecture,Programming and Interfacing , PHI,2002.
8. Valvano "Embedded Microcomputer Systems" Thomson Asia PVT LTD first reprint 2001.


VL7001, Analog and Mixed Mode VLSI Design

OBJECTIVES:
To study the concepts of MOS large signal model and small signal model
To understand the concepts of D/A conversion methods and their architectures.
To design filters for ADC.
To study about the switched capacitor circuits.


Unit I - INTRODUCTION AND BASIC MOS DEVICES
Challenges in analog design-Mixed signal layout issues, - MOS FET structures and characteristics - large signal model , small signal model, single stage Amplifier-Source follower - Common gate stage , Cascode Stage

Unit II - SIBMICRON CIRCUIT DESIGN
Submicron CMOS process flow, Capacitors and resistors - Current mirrors, Digital Circuit Design - Delay Elements, Adders, OP Amp parameters and Design

Unit III - DATA CONVERTERS
Characteristics of Sample and Hold,Digital to Analog Converters - architecture,Differential Non linearity - Integral Non linearity, Voltage Scaling,Cyclic DAC,Pipeline DAC - Analog to Digital Converters, architecture - Flash ADC-Pipeline ADC,Differential Non linearity,Integral Non linearity

Unit IV - SNR IN DATA CONVERTERS
Overview of SNR of Data Converters, Clock Jitters - Improving Using Averaging , Decimating Filters for ADC - Band pass and High Pass Sinc Filters, - Interpolating Filters for DAC

Unit V - SWITCHED CAPACITOR CIRCUITS
Resistors, First order low pass Circuit, - Switched capacitor Amplifier, - Switched Capacitor Integrator

REFERENCE BOOKS:
1. Vineetha P.Gejji Analog and Mixed Mode Design - Prentice Hall, 1st Edition , 2011
2. JeyaGowri Analog and Mixed Mode Design- Sapna publishing House 2011.


CU7001, Real Time Embedded Systems

Subject Introduction / Notes not available

Unit I - INTRODUCTION TO EMBEDDED COMPUTING
Complex systems and microprocessors , Design example: Model train controller - Embedded system design process , Formalism for system design , - Instruction sets Preliminaries , ARM Processor , CPU: Programming input and output - Supervisor mode, exception and traps Coprocessor - Memory system mechanism , CPU performance , CPU power consumption.

Unit II - COMPUTING PLATFORM AND DESIGN ANALYSIS
CPU buses , Memory devices, I/O devices , Component interfacing - Design with microprocessors , Development and Debugging - Program design , Model of programs Assembly and Linking - Basic compilation techniques , Analysis and optimization of execution time, power, energy, program size - Program validation and testing.

Unit III - PROCESS AND OPERATING SYSTEMS
Multiple tasks and multi processes , Processes ,Context Switching - Operating Systems ,Scheduling policies , Multiprocessor, Inter Process Communication mechanisms - Evaluating operating system performance - Power optimization strategies for processes.

Unit IV - HARDWARE ACCELERATES & NETWORKS
Accelerators ,Accelerated system design , Distributed Embedded Architecture - Networks for Embedded Systems - Network based design ,Internet enabled systems.

Unit V - CASE STUDY
Hardware and software co-design , Data Compressor, Software Modem - Personal Digital Assistants, SetTopBox. System on Silicon - FOSS Tools for embedded system development.

REFERENCES:
1. Wayne Wolf, Computers as Components - Principles of Embedded Computer System
Design, Morgan Kaufmann Publisher, 2006.
2. David E-Simon, An Embedded Software Primer, Pearson Education, 2007.
3. K.V.K.K.Prasad, Embedded Real-Time Systems: Concepts, Design & Programming,dreamtech press, 2005.
4. Tim Wilmshurst, An Introduction to the Design of Small Scale Embedded Systems, Pal grave Publisher, 2004.
5. Sriram V Iyer, Pankaj Gupta, Embedded Real Time Systems Programming, Tata Mc-Graw Hill, 2004.
6. Tammy Noergaard, Embedded Systems Architecture, Elsevier, 2006.


CU7002, MEMS and NEMS

COURSE OBJECTIVES:
To introducing the concepts of microelectromechanical devices.
To know the fabrication process of Microsystems.
To know the design concepts of micro sensors and micro actuators.
To introducing concepts of quantum mechanics and nano systems.


Unit I - OVERVIEW AND INTRODUCTION
New trends in Engineering and Science, Micro and Nanoscale systems - Introduction to Design of MEMS and NEMS - Overview of Nano and Microelectromechanical Systems - Applications of Micro and Nanoelectromechanical systems, Microelectromechanical systems - devices and structures,Definitions, Materials for MEMS Silicon, silicon compounds, polymers, metals

Unit II - MEMS FABRICATION TECHNOLOGIES
Microsystem fabrication processes, Photolithography, Ion Implantation, Diffusion - Oxidation.Thin film depositions, LPCVD, Sputtering, Evaporation - Electroplating, Etching techniques: Dry and wet etching - electrochemical etching, Micromachining, Bulk Micromachining, Surface Micromachining - High Aspect-Ratio (LIGA and LIGA-like) Technology, Packaging Microsystems packaging - Essential packaging technologies, Selection of packaging materials

Unit III - MICRO SENSORS
MEMS Sensors, Design of Acoustic wave sensors, resonant sensor - Vibratory gyroscope, Capacitive and Piezo Resistive Pressure sensors - engineering mechanics behind these Microsensors - Case study Piezo-resistive pressure sensor

Unit IV - MICRO ACTUATORS
Design of Actuators, Actuation using thermal forces - Actuation using shape memory Alloys, Actuation using piezoelectric crystals - Actuation using Electrostatic forces (Parallel plate, Torsion bar, Comb drive actuators) - Micromechanical Motors and pumps. - Case study Comb drive actuators

Unit V - NANOSYSTEMS AND QUANTUM MECHANICS
Atomic Structures and Quantum Mechanics, Molecular and Nanostructure Dynamics: - Shrodinger Equation and Wavefunction Theory - Density Functional Theory, Nanostructures and Molecular Dynamics - Electromagnetic Fields and their quantization, Molecular Wires and Molecular Circuits

REFERENCES:
1. Marc Madou, Fundamentals of Microfabrication, CRC press 1997.
2. Stephen D. Senturia, Micro system Design, Kluwer Academic Publishers,2001
3. Tai Ran Hsu ,MEMS and Microsystems Design and Manufacture ,Tata Mcraw Hill, 2002.
4. Chang Liu, Foundations of MEMS, Pearson education India limited, 2006,
5. Sergey Edward Lyshevski, MEMS and NEMS: Systems, Devices, and Structures, CRC Press,2002


CU7111, Communication Systems Laboratory

Subject Introduction / Notes not available

Unit I - COMMUNICATION SYSTEM LABORATORY
Use Network Analyser for the following experiments - 1. Measurement of transmission line parameters. - 2. S-parameter estimation of Microwave devices. - 3. Design and testing of a Microstrip coupler. - 4. Characteristics of Quarter Wavelength and Half Wavelength transmission lines. - Use appropriate simulation tools for the following experiments - 1. Channel equalizer design (LMS,RLS) - 2. Antenna Radiation Pattern measurement. - 3. Performance Evaluation of digital modulation schemes - 4. OFDM transceiver design - 5. Simulation of Microstrip Antennas - 6. Performance evaluation of simulated CDMA System.

Books information not available


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2012 CSE IV SEM- B.E CURRICULUM AND SYLLABUS

Curriculum and Syllabus: B.E. 2012 CSE, AUC 2012
Semester: 4

CS2255, Database Management Systems

Subject Introduction / Notes not available

Unit I - INTRODUCTION
Purpose of Database System - Views of data - Data Models - Database Languages - Database System Architecture - Database users and Administrator - Entity-Relationship model (E-R model ) - E-R Diagrams - Introduction to relational databases

Unit II - RELATIONAL MODEL
The relational Model - The catalog - Types - Keys - Relational Algebra - Domain - Relational Calculus - Tuple Relational Calculus - Fundamental operations - Additional Operations - SQL fundamentals - Integrity - Triggers - Security - Advanced SQL features - Embedded SQL - Dynamic SQL - Missing Information - Views - Introduction to Distributed Databases and Client/Server Databases

Unit III - DATABASE DESIGN
Functional Dependencies - Non-loss Decomposition - Functional Dependencies - First,Second, Third Normal Forms, Dependency Preservation - Boyce/Codd Normal Form - Multi-valued Dependencies and Fourth Normal Form - Join Dependencies and Fifth Normal Form

Unit IV - TRANSACTIONS
Transaction Concepts - Transaction Recovery - ACID Properties - System Recovery - Media Recovery - Two Phase Commit - Save Points - SQL Facilities for recovery - Concurrency - Need for Concurrency - Locking Protocols - Two Phase Locking - Intent Locking - Deadlock - Serializability - Recovery Isolation Levels - SQL Facilities for Concurrency

Unit V - IMPLEMENTATION TECHNIQUES
Overview of Physical Storage Media - Magnetic Disks - RAID - Tertiary storage - File Organization - Organization of Records in Files - Indexing and Hashing - Ordered Indices - B+ tree Index Files - B tree Index Files - Static Hashing - Dynamic Hashing - Query Processing Overview - Catalog Information for Cost Estimation - Selection Operation - Sorting - Join Operation - Database Tuning

TEXT BOOKS:
1. Abraham Silberschatz, Henry F. Korth, S. Sudharshan, "Database System Concepts", Fifth Edition, Tata McGraw Hill, 2006
(Unit I and Unit-V) .
2. C.J.Date, A.Kannan, S.Swamynathan, "An Introduction to Database Systems", Eighth Edition, Pearson Education, 2006.
( Unit II, III and IV).
REFERENCES:
1. Ramez Elmasri, Shamkant B. Navathe, -Fundamentals of Database Systems-, FourthEdition , Pearson / Addision wesley, 2007.
2. Raghu Ramakrishnan, -Database Management Systems-, Third Edition, McGraw Hill, 2003.
3. S.K.Singh, -Database Systems Concepts, Design and Applications-, First Edition, Pearson Education, 2006.


MA2262, Probability and Queueing Theory

The probabilistic models are employed in countless applications in all areas of science and engineering. Queuing theory provides models for a number of situations that arise in real life. The course aims at providing necessary mathematical support and confidence to tackle real life problems.

Unit I - RANDOM VARIABLES
Discrete and continuous random variables - Moments - Moment generating functions and their properties. - Binomial, Poisson ,Geometric ,Negative binomial, Uniform,Exponential, Gamma, and Weibull distributions

Unit II - TWO DIMENSIONAL RANDOM VARIABLES
Joint distributions - Marginal and conditional distributions - Covariance - Correlation and regression - Transformation of random variables - Central limit theorem.

Unit III - MARKOV PROCESSES AND MARKOV CHAINS
Classification - Stationary process - Markov process - Markov chains - Transition probabilities - Limiting distributions - Poisson process

Unit IV - QUEUEING THEORY
Markovian models - Birth and Death Queuing models - Steady state results: Single and multiple server queuing models queues with finite waiting rooms - Finite source models - Little?s Formula

Unit V - NON-MARKOVIAN QUEUES AND QUEUE NETWORKS
M/G/1 queue - Pollaczek - Khintchine formula, series queues - open and closed networks

TEXT BOOKS:
1. O.C. Ibe, -Fundamentals of Applied Probability and Random Processes-,sevier, 1st Indian Reprint, 2007 (For units 1, 2 and 3).
2. D. Gross and C.M. Harris, -Fundamentals of Queueing Theory-, Wiley Student edition, 2004 (For units 4 and 5).
REFERENCES:
1. A.O. Allen, -Probability, Statistics and Queueing Theory with Computer Applications-, Elsevier, 2nd edition, 2005.
2. H.A. Taha, -Operations Research-, Pearson Education, Asia, 8th edition, 2007.
3. K.S. Trivedi, -Probability and Statistics with Reliability, Queueing and
Computer Science Applications-, John Wiley and Sons, 2nd edition, 2002.


CS2251, Design and Analysis of Algorithms

Subject Introduction / Notes not available

Unit I - Algorithm Analysis
Time Space Tradeoff - Asymptotic Notations - Conditional asymptotic notation - Removing condition from the conditional asymptotic notation - Properties of big-Oh notation - Recurrence equations - Solving recurrence equations - Analysis of linear search.

Unit II - Divide and Conquer: General Method
Binary Search - Finding Maximum and Minimum - Merge Sort - Greedy Algorithms: General Method - Container Loading - Knapsack Problem.

Unit III - Dynamic Programming: General Method
Multistage Graphs - All-Pair shortest paths - Optimal binary search trees - 0/1 Knapsack - Travelling salesperson problem .

Unit IV - Backtracking: General Method
8 Queens problem - sum of subsets - graph coloring - Hamiltonian problem - knapsack problem.

Unit V - Graph Traversals
Connected Components - Spanning Trees - Biconnected components - Branch and Bound: General Methods (FIFO & LC) - 0/1 Knapsack problem - Introduction to NP-Hard and NP-Completeness.

TEXT BOOKS:
1. Ellis Horowitz, Sartaj Sahni and Sanguthevar Rajasekaran, Computer Algorithms/C++, Second Edition, Universities Press, 2007. (For Units II to V)
2. K.S. Easwarakumar, Object Oriented Data Structures using C++, Vikas Publishing House pvt. Ltd., 2000 (For Unit I)
REFERENCES:
1. T. H. Cormen, C. E. Leiserson, R.L.Rivest, and C. Stein, "Introduction to Algorithms", Second Edition, Prentice Hall of India Pvt. Ltd, 2003.
2. Alfred V. Aho, John E. Hopcroft and Jeffrey D. Ullman, "The Design and Analysis of Computer Algorithms", Pearson Education, 1999.


CS2252, Microprocessors and Microcontrollers

Subject Introduction / Notes not available

Unit I - THE 8085 AND 8086 MICROPROCESSORS
8085 Microprocessor architecture - Addressing modes - Instruction set - Programming the 8085

Unit II - 8086 SOFTWARE ASPECTS
Intel 8086 microprocessor - Architecture - Signals - Instruction Set - Addressing Modes - Assembler Directives - Assembly Language Programming - Procedures - Macros - Interrupts And Interrupt Service Routines - BIOS function calls.

Unit III - MULTIPROCESSOR CONFIGURATIONS
Coprocessor Configuration - Closely Coupled Configuration - Loosely Coupled Configuration - 8087 Numeric Data Processor - Data Types - Architecture - 8089 I/O Processor - Architecture - Communication between CPU and IOP.

Unit IV - I/O INTERFACING
Memory interfacing and I/O interfacing with 8085 - parallel communication interface - serial communication interface - timer - keyboard/display controller - interrupt controller - DMA controller (8237) - applications - stepper motor - temperature control.

Unit V - MICROCONTROLLERS
Architecture of 8051 Microcontroller - signals - I/O ports - memory - counters and timers - serial data I/O interrupts - Interfacing - keyboard, LCD,ADC & DAC

TEXT BOOKS:
1. Ramesh S. Gaonkar ,-Microprocessor - Architecture, Programming and Applications with the 8085- Penram International Publisher , 5th Ed.,2006
2. Yn-cheng Liu,Glenn A.Gibson, -Microcomputer systems: The 8086 / 8088 Family architecture, Programming and Design-, second edition, Prentice Hall of India , 2006.
3. Kenneth J.Ayala, -The 8051 microcontroller Architecture, Programming and applications- second edition ,Penram international.
REFERENCES:
1. Douglas V.Hall, - Microprocessors and Interfacing : Programming and Hardware-,second edition , Tata Mc Graw Hill ,2006.
2. A.K.Ray & K.M Bhurchandi, -Advanced Microprocessor and Peripherals - Architecture, Programming and Interfacing-, Tata Mc Graw Hill , 2006.
3. Peter Abel, - IBM PC Assembly language and programming- , fifth edition, Pearson education / Prentice Hall of India Pvt.Ltd,2007.
4. Mohamed Ali Mazidi,Janice Gillispie Mazidi,- The 8051 microcontroller and embedded systems using Assembly and C-,second edition, Pearson education /Prentice hall of India , 2007.


CS2253, Computer Organization and Architecture

Subject Introduction / Notes not available

Unit I - BASIC STRUCTURE OF COMPUTERS
Functional units - Basic operational concepts - Bus structures - Performance and metrics - Instructions and instruction sequencing - Hardware - Software Interface - Instruction set architecture - Addressing modes - RISC - CISC. - ALU design - Fixed point and floating point operations.

Unit II - BASIC PROCESSING UNIT
Fundamental concepts - Execution of a complete instruction - Multiple bus organization - Hardwired control - Micro programmed control - Nano programming.

Unit III - PIPELINING
Basic concepts - Data hazards - Instruction hazards - Influence on instruction sets - Data path and control considerations - Performance considerations - Exception handling.

Unit IV - MEMORY SYSTEM
Basic concepts - Semiconductor RAM - ROM - Speed - Size and cost - Cache memories - Improving cache performance - Virtual memory Memory management - requirements - Associative memories - Secondary storage devices.

Unit V - I/O ORGANIZATION
Accessing I/O devices - Programmed Input/Output - Interrupts - Direct Memory Access - Buses - Interface circuits - Standard I/O Interfaces (PCI, SCSI, USB), I/O devices and processors.

TEXT BOOK:
1. Carl Hamacher, Zvonko Vranesic and Safwat Zaky, -Computer Organization-, Fifth Edition, Tata McGraw Hill, 2002.
REFERENCES:
1. David A. Patterson and John L. Hennessy, -Computer Organization and Design: The Hardware/Software interface-, Third Edition, Elsevier, 2005.
2. William Stallings, -Computer Organization and Architecture - Designing for Performance-, Sixth Edition, Pearson Education, 2003.
3. John P. Hayes, -Computer Architecture and Organization-, Third Edition, Tata McGraw Hill, 1998.
4. V.P. Heuring, H.F. Jordan, -Computer Systems Design and Architecture-, Second Edition, Pearson Education, 2004.


CS2254, Operating Systems

Subject Introduction / Notes not available

Unit I - PROCESSES AND THREADS
Introduction to operating systems - review of computer organization - operating system structures - system calls,system programs,system structure - virtual machines - Processes: Process concept,Process scheduling,Operations on processes - Cooperating processes,Interprocess communication - Communication in client-server systems - Case study:IPC in Linux. Threads: Multi-threading models,Threading issues - Case Study:Pthreads library

Unit II - PROCESS SCHEDULING AND SYNCHRONIZATION
CPU Scheduling:Scheduling criteria,Scheduling algorithms - Multiple-processor scheduling - Real time scheduling,Algorithm Evaluation - Case study:Process scheduling in Linux. - Process Synchronization:The critical-section problem - Synchronization hardware,Semaphores,Classic problems of synchronization - critical regions,Monitors - Deadlock: System model,Deadlock characterization,Methods for handling deadlocks - Deadlock prevention,Deadlock avoidance, - Deadlock detection,Recovery from deadlock.

Unit III - STORAGE MANAGEMENT
Memory Management:Background,Swapping - Contiguous memory allocation,Paging - Segmentation, - Segmentation with paging - Virtual Memory,Background - Demand paging,Process creation - Page replacement, - Allocation of frames,Thrashing - Case Study: Memory management in Linux

Unit IV - FILE SYSTEMS
File-System Interface - File concept,Access methods - Directory structure,File-system mounting - Protection,File-System Implementation - Directory implementation,Allocation methods - Free-space management,efficiency and performance - recovery,log-structured file systems - Case studies:File system in Linux - file system in Windows XP

Unit V - I/O SYSTEMS
I/O Systems,I/O Hardware - Application I/O interface - kernel I/O subsystem,streams,performance - Mass-Storage Structure,Disk scheduling - Disk management,Swap-space management - RAID,disk attachment - stable storage,tertiary storage - Case study: I/O in Linux

TEXT BOOKS:
1.Silberschatz, Galvin, and Gagne, ?Operating System Concepts?, Sixth Edition, Wiley India Pvt Ltd, 2003.
REFERENCES:
2. Andrew S. Tanenbaum, ?Modern Operating Systems?, Second Edition, Pearson Education, 2004.
3. Gary Nutt, ?Operating Systems?, Third Edition, Pearson Education,2004.
4. Harvey M. Deital, ?Operating Systems?, Third Edition, Pearson Education,2004.


CS2257, Operating Systems Lab

Subject Introduction / Notes not available

Unit I - Exercises
1. Write programs using the following system calls of UNIX operating system - fork, exec, getpid, exit, wait, close, stat, opendir, readdir - 2. Write programs using the I/O system calls of UNIX operating system (open, read, - write, etc) - 3. Write C programs to simulate UNIX commands like ls, grep, etc. - 4. Given the list of processes, their CPU burst times and arrival times, display/print - the Gantt chart for FCFS and SJF. For each of the scheduling policies, compute - and print the average waiting time and average turnaround time. (2 sessions) - 5. Given the list of processes, their CPU burst times and arrival times, display/print - the Gantt chart for Priority and Round robin. For each of the scheduling policies, - compute and print the average waiting time and average turnaround time. (2 - sessions) - 6. Developing Application using Inter Process communication (using shared - memory, pipes or message queues) - 7. Implement the Producer-Consumer problem using semaphores (using UNIX - system calls). - 8. Implement some memory management schemes ? I - 9. Implement some memory management schemes ? II - 10. Implement any file allocation technique (Linked, Indexed or Contiguous)

Books information not available


CS2258, Data Base Management Systems Lab

Subject Introduction / Notes not available

Unit I - Exercises
1. Data Definition, Table Creation, Constraints, - 2. Insert, Select Commands, Update & Delete Commands. - 3. Nested Queries & Join Queries - 4. Views - 5. High level programming language extensions (Control structures, Procedures and Functions). - 6. Front end tools - 7. Forms - 8. Triggers - 9. Menu Design - 10. Reports. - 11. Database Design and implementation (Mini Project).

Books information not available


CS2259, Microprocessors Lab

To learn the assembly language programming of 8085,8086 and 8051 and also to give a practical training of interfacing the peripheral devices with the processor.

Unit I - Exercises
1. Programming with 8085 - 2. Programming with 8086-experiments including BIOS/DOS calls:Keyboard control, Display, File Manipulation. - 3. Interfacing with 8085/8086-8255,8253 - 4. Interfacing with 8085/8086-8279,8251 - 5. 8051 Microcontroller based experiments for Control Applications - 6. Mini- Project

List of equipments/components for 30 students (two per batch)
1. 8085 Trainer Kit with onboard 8255, 8253, 8279 and 8251 - 15 nos.
2. TASM/MASM simulator in PC (8086 programs) - 30 nos.
3. 8051 trainer kit - 15 nos.
4. Interfacing with 8086 - PC add-on cards with 8255, 8253, 8279 and 8251 - 15
nos.
5. Stepper motor interfacing module - 5 nos.
6. Traffic light controller interfacing module - 5 nos.
7. ADC, DAC interfacing module - 5 nos.
8. CRO-s - 5 nos.


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